Aegean Timeline

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  • c. 5000 BCE
    The Cyclades are first inhabited by settlers from Asia Mnior.
  • c. 4500 BCE
    First settlement on Thera.
  • 3000 BCE - 2000 BCE
    First human presence recorded on Kos.
  • 3000 BCE - 2200 BCE
    The first archaeological evidence of organised communities in the Cyclades.
  • 3000 BCE - 2000 BCE
    Distinctive minimalistic standing marble figurines are produced in the Cyclades.
  • 2300 BCE
    Bronze is used in the Aegean.
  • 2200 BCE - 1700 BCE
    Evidence of town planning and more sophisticated architecture in the Cylades.
  • c. 2000 BCE
    Akrotiri becomes an important Aegean trading centre.
  • 2000 BCE
    The first examples of the lyre in the Bronze Age Aegean occur in the Cyclades and on Minoan Crete.
  • 2000 BCE - 1450 BCE
  • 2000 BCE - 1650 BCE
    Akrotiri on Thera reaches its peak of prosperity and becomes a flourishing Mediterranean trading centre.
  • 1900 BCE - 1100 BCE
  • 1700 BCE
    Second Palace of Knossos on Crete.
  • 1700 BCE
  • 1700 BCE - 1400 BCE
    The culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by Minoan Crete.
  • 1650 BCE - 1550 BCE
    Eruption of Thera and consequent tidal waves, destruction of Akrotiri and other Aegean centres.
  • c. 1600 BCE
    Rhodes has significant contact with Minoan Crete.
  • 1600 BCE - 1200 BCE
    The Mycenaean settlement of Serayia flourishes on Kos.
  • c. 1400 BCE
    Lyres across the Aegean assume S-shaped arms and become more decoratively carved, most often with sculpted birds.
  • 1400 BCE - 1100 BCE
    Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
  • c. 1400 BCE
    Rhodes has significant contact with the Mycenaean civilization.
  • c. 1100 BCE
    Evidence of settlement destruction and abandonment across the Cyclades.
  • 1100 BCE
    Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
  • c. 700 BCE
    Paros begins to export its Parian marble across the Greek world and it is widely used in temples and sculpture.
  • c. 700 BCE
    Settlers from mainland Greece, possibly Samos, settle on Samothrace.
  • 700 BCE - 600 BCE
    Temples are built in honour of Apollo, Demeter and Dionysos on the island of Naxos.
  • c. 499 BCE
    Naxos is attacked by Darius' Persian forces.
  • c. 475 BCE
    Athenian general Cimon drives the Dolopian pirates out of the Aegean island of Scyros.
  • c. 467 BCE
    The island of Naxos rebels against Athenian dominance of the Delian League.
  • 465 BCE - 463 BCE
    Athenian general Cimon conquers Chersonesus in Thrace and the north-Aegean island of Thasos.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The Cycladic city states side with Athens in the Peloponnesian war against Sparta and her allies.
  • 417 BCE - 415 BCE
    Melos, after supporting Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, is attacked by Athens.
  • 412 BCE
    The Spartan general Astyochus sacks Kos.
  • 377 BCE - 355 BCE
    The Cycladic city states join Athens in the Second Athenian League against Sparta .
  • 363 BCE
    A rebellion against Athenian dominance of the Second Athenian League on Keos is quashed by Athens.
  • 166 BCE
    Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.
  • 88 BCE
    Mithridates attacks and detroys the island of Delos.
  • 69 BCE
    The pirate Athenodoros sets up his base in the Cylades.
  • 679 CE
    The Umayyad Caliphate is obliged by treaty to give up former Byzantine territories in the Aegean.

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Legend:

5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
5000 BCE: The Cyclades are first inhabited by settlers from Asia Mnior.
 
4500 BCE: First settlement on Thera.
 
3000 BCE - 2000 BCE: First human presence recorded on Kos.
 
 
3000 BCE - 2200 BCE: The first archaeological evidence of organised communities in the Cyclades.
 
 
3000 BCE - 2000 BCE: Distinctive minimalistic standing marble figurines are produced in the Cyclades.
 
2300 BCE: Bronze is used in the Aegean.
 
 
2200 BCE - 1700 BCE: Evidence of town planning and more sophisticated architecture in the Cylades.
 
2000 BCE: Akrotiri becomes an important Aegean trading centre.
 
 
2000 BCE: The first examples of the lyre in the Bronze Age Aegean occur in the Cyclades and on Minoan Crete.
 
 
2000 BCE - 1450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
 
 
2000 BCE - 1650 BCE: Akrotiri on Thera reaches its peak of prosperity and becomes a flourishing Mediterranean trading centre.
 
 
1900 BCE - 1100 BCE: Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
 
1700 BCE: Second Palace of Knossos on Crete.
 
1700 BCE: Minoan Linear A script.
 
 
1700 BCE - 1400 BCE: The culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by Minoan Crete.
 
 
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: Eruption of Thera and consequent tidal waves, destruction of Akrotiri and other Aegean centres.
 
 
1600 BCE: Rhodes has significant contact with Minoan Crete.
 
1600 BCE - 1200 BCE: The Mycenaean settlement of Serayia flourishes on Kos.
 
 
1400 BCE: Lyres across the Aegean assume S-shaped arms and become more decoratively carved, most often with sculpted birds.
 
 
1400 BCE - 1100 BCE: Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
 
 
1400 BCE: Rhodes has significant contact with the Mycenaean civilization.
 
 
1100 BCE: Evidence of settlement destruction and abandonment across the Cyclades.
 
1100 BCE: Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
 
 
700 BCE: Paros begins to export its Parian marble across the Greek world and it is widely used in temples and sculpture.
 
 
700 BCE: Settlers from mainland Greece, possibly Samos, settle on Samothrace.
 
 
700 BCE - 600 BCE: Temples are built in honour of Apollo, Demeter and Dionysos on the island of Naxos.
 
 
499 BCE: Naxos is attacked by Darius' Persian forces.
 
 
475 BCE: Athenian general Cimon drives the Dolopian pirates out of the Aegean island of Scyros.
 
 
467 BCE: The island of Naxos rebels against Athenian dominance of the Delian League.
 
 
465 BCE - 463 BCE: Athenian general Cimon conquers Chersonesus in Thrace and the north-Aegean island of Thasos.
 
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The Cycladic city states side with Athens in the Peloponnesian war against Sparta and her allies.
 
 
417 BCE - 415 BCE: Melos, after supporting Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, is attacked by Athens.
 
412 BCE: The Spartan general Astyochus sacks Kos.
 
 
377 BCE - 355 BCE: The Cycladic city states join Athens in the Second Athenian League against Sparta .
 
 
363 BCE: A rebellion against Athenian dominance of the Second Athenian League on Keos is quashed by Athens.
 
 
166 BCE: Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.
 
 
88 BCE: Mithridates attacks and detroys the island of Delos.
 
69 BCE: The pirate Athenodoros sets up his base in the Cylades.
 
 
679 CE: The Umayyad Caliphate is obliged by treaty to give up former Byzantine territories in the Aegean.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE

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