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Elizabeth I Armada Portrait

Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I reigned as queen of England from 1558 to 1603 CE. She succeeded her elder half-sister Mary I of England (r. 1553-1558 CE), and her 44-year...
Calligraphy of Ali's Name

Ali ibn Abi Talib

Ali ibn Abi Talib, or simply Ali, (l. 601-661 CE) was among the first Muslims, a cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632...


Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi (also given as Jalal ad-did Muhammad Balkhi, best known as Rumi, l. 1207-1273 CE) was a Persian Islamic theologian and scholar...


The Shahnameh (“Book of Kings”, composed 977-1010 CE) is a medieval epic written by the poet Abolqasem Ferdowsi (l. c. 940-1020 CE) in order...
Thomas Cromwell by Hans Holbein the Younger

Thomas Cromwell

Thomas Cromwell (l. c. 1485-1540 CE) served as chief minister to Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547 CE) from 1532 to 1540 CE. With his king and...
The Emerald Buddha in Seasonal Costumes

The Temple of the Emerald Buddha

A small carved figurine sits high on a grand multi-tiered pedestal in a magnificent wat (temple) in Bangkok, Thailand. It has been sitting there since...
Siege of Orleans

France v England: The 100 Years' War

There was a bitter rivalry between France and England throughout the 14th and 15th century CE and their frequent battles in this period are now known...
Calligraphy of Uthman's Name


Uthman ibn Affan (l. 576/583-656 CE) was an early convert to Islam, a close friend and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE), and the third...


Abolqasem Ferdowsi (l. c. 940-1020 CE, also given as Abul-Qasem Ferdowsi Tusi, Firdawsi, Firdausi) is the author of the Shahnameh (The Persian Book...
Eteocles & Polynices

Suppliants by Euripides

The Suppliants (also given as Suppliant Women) is a Greek tragedy written by Euripides, not to be confused with Aeschylus' tragedy...


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