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ā€ˇGustaf Skarsgard as Floki in Iceland

The Legendary Settlement of Iceland

It is said that the early Norse settlers of Iceland in the Viking Age (c. 790-1100 CE) believed it was the home of the gods because of the tale of the...
Hereward the Wake

William the Conqueror & the Ely Rebellion

By early 1070 CE William I (r. 1066-1087 CE) had almost completed the Norman conquest of England. There remained threats from the border regions with...
The Ancient City of Babylon

Visiting the Ancient City of Babylon

We had a 4-day national holiday. Meaning what? No clinic and no hospital! I said to myself, “It’s been a long time since I have visited...
William the Conqueror on Horseback, Bayeux Tapestry

William the Conqueror's Harrying of the North

By the end of 1066 CE William the Conqueror had won a decisive victory at the Battle of Hastings, subdued the south-east of England and been crowned...
Oseberg Ship Carving

Norse Pets in the Viking Age

Pets were as important to the Norse of the Viking Age (c. 790-1100 CE) as they were to any other culture, past or present. The Vikings kept dogs and...
Reconstructed Viking Village in Hofn, Iceland

The Vikings in Iceland

The medieval sources on the discovery and settlement of Iceland frequently refer to the explorers as “Vikings” but, technically, they were...
Wooden Kachina Doll

Kachina Cult

The Kachina (also “Katsina”) cult refers to the specific religious practices centered on the kachina, which is a spiritual entity and divine...
Map of William the Conqueror's 1066 CE Campaigns

William the Conqueror's March on London

William the Conqueror (r. 1066-1087 CE) was victorious at the Battle of Hastings in October 1066 CE, and Harold Godwinson, King Harold II of England...


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