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Twelve Menacing & Protective Mythological Figures

The term mythology comes from the Greek words mythos (“story of the people”) and logos (“word”) and so is defined as the spoken...
Portrait of Seven Notable Greek Physicians & Botanists


Galen (129-216 CE) was a Greek physician, author, and philosopher, working in Rome, who influenced both medical theory and practice until the middle...
Mongolian Deel Robe

Clothing in the Mongol Empire

The clothing worn by the Mongols in the 13th and 14th century CE, like most other aspects of their culture, reflected their nomadic lifestyle in the...
The Golden Horde Defeated at Kulikovo

Golden Horde

The Golden Horde was the European appanage of the Mongol Empire (1206-1368 CE). Begun in earnest by Batu Khan in 1227 CE, the territory that would eventually...
Roman Skull with Obol in Mouth
Lesson Plan

Halloween Matching Card Game

Here is a little game to introduce Halloween into your social studies class without going off-topic! Instructions and a lesson plan included. Instructions...
Rotating Device of a Potter's Wheel

Mesopotamian Science and Technology

Mesopotamian science and technology developed during the Uruk Period (4100-2900 BCE) and Early Dynastic Period (2900-1750 BCE) of the Sumerian culture...
Mongol Warrior Reconstruction

Mongol Warfare

The Mongols conquered vast swathes of Asia in the 13th and 14th century CE thanks to their fast light cavalry and excellent bowmen, but another significant...
Detail of the War Scene of the Standard of Ur Showing Sumerian Warriors


The Sumerians were the people of southern Mesopotamia whose civilization flourished between c. 4100-1750 BCE. Their name comes from the region which...
Gypsum statue of a man

Early Dynastic Period (Mesopotamia)

The Early Dynastic Period of Mesopotamia is the modern-day archaeological term for the era in Mesopotamian history – 2900-2334 BCE &ndash...
Woman with Garland of Olive Leaves, Herculaneum


Herculaneum, located on the Bay of Naples, was a Roman town which was destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE. Like its neighbour Pompeii...


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