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Elephant & Griffon

Elephants in Hellenistic History & Art

Elephants were thought of as fierce and frightful monsters in antiquity, very real though rarely seen until the Hellenistic period. They were deployed...
Medieval Drawing of a Cat in a Tree

Cats in the Middle Ages

The life of a cat in the Middle Ages (c. 476-1500 CE) differed significantly from that of a dog owing primarily to its association with witchcraft...
Caesar in Gaul

Ancient Roman Warfare

With a huge reserve of resources in men and equipment and a culture geared for warfare, the Romans were relentless in expanding their borders and putting...
Chester City

Chester: A Time-Travelling City

It is said that Chester is the richest city in Britain in terms of archaeological and architectural treasures. One of the finest strategic outposts...
Saladin's Army, from the Histoire d'Outremerby

Saladin & the Unification of the Muslim Front: 1169-1187 CE

Saladin (c. 1137 – 1193 CE), the Muslim ruler who crushed the mighty Crusader army at the Horns of Hattin (1187 CE) and re-took Jerusalem after...
Roman Theatre Fa├žade, Aosta

The Architecture of Ancient Rome

Roman architecture was nothing if not eclectic. From ingenious under-floor heating to gravity-defying arches, the Romans added to the Classical repertoire...
Parthenon - Acropolis, Athens

Greek World Heritage Sites

Greece, the ‘cradle of western civilization’, is home to a large number of spectacular sites from the ancient world, several of which have...
Piravasthalam Pallava Temple, Kanchipuram

On the Pallava Trail in Kanchipuram

The Pallavas ruled south-eastern India from the 3rd through the 9th centuries CE. Their empire covered what is today the Tamil Nadu state. Their origin...


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