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Elizabeth I Rainbow Portrait
Article

Elizabeth I & the Power of Image

Aware of the power of appearances, Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603 CE) carefully controlled her image throughout her reign and through costume...
Roman Naval Attack on Carthage
Definition

Carthage

Carthage was a Phoenician city-state on the coast of North Africa (the site of modern-day Tunisia) which, prior the conflict with Rome known as the...
A Faravahar symbol in a Fire Temple
Definition

Zarathustra

Zarathustra (also given as Zoroaster, Zartosht, Zarathustra Spitama, l. c. 1500-1000 BCE) was the Persian priest-turned-prophet who founded the religion...
The Spanish Armada of 1588 CE By van Wieringen
Definition

Spanish Armada

The Spanish Armada was a fleet of 132 ships assembled by King Philip II of Spain (r. 1556-1598 CE) in order to invade England in 1588 CE, his ‘Enterprise...
Omar Khayyam
Definition

Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam (also given as Umar Khayyam, l. 1048-1131 CE) was a Persian polymath, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher but is best known in the...
Glastonbury Abbey
Article

Visiting Glastonbury - the Town of Myths & Legends

The Somerset Levels is an area of the British Isles that captivates visitors with its stunning natural landscape and historical...
Hafez Shiraz
Definition

Hafez Shiraz

Hafez Shiraz (also given as Hafiz, l. 1315-1390 CE) is considered the greatest of the Persian poets and among the most famous and admired writers in...
Elizabeth I Armada Portrait
Definition

Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I reigned as queen of England from 1558 to 1603 CE. She succeeded her elder half-sister Mary I of England (r. 1553-1558 CE), and her 44-year...
Calligraphy of Ali's Name
Definition

Ali ibn Abi Talib

Ali ibn Abi Talib, or simply Ali, (l. 601-661 CE) was among the first Muslims, a cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632...
Rumi
Definition

Rumi

Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi (also given as Jalal ad-did Muhammad Balkhi, best known as Rumi, l. 1207-1273 CE) was a Persian Islamic theologian and scholar...

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