The Toltec civilization flourished in ancient central Mexico between the 10th and mid-12th centuries CE. Continuing...
Roman Fresco Fragment with Nilotic Landscape
This fragment of a Roman fresco was made in Italy c. 1-79 CE and depicts a Nilotic setting. Images of scenes set on...
The Differences Between Byzantine & Armenian Christianity
Although both the Byzantines and the Armenians were Christian, the types of Christianity they professed had important differences...
The Capture of Jerusalem, 1099 CE
The capture of Jerusalem from Muslim control was the primary goal of the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE), a combined military...
Siege Warfare in Ancient India
Forts and sieges held a key position in ancient Indian warfare. Built on considerations of strategic location, topography...
The Siege of Antioch, 1097-98 CE
The siege of Antioch in 1097-1098 CE occurred during the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE) when the western Crusader knights...
A medieval Teutonic Knight was a member of the Catholic military Deutscher Orden or Teutonic Order, officially founded...
Women in the Viking Age
Although women in the Viking Age (c. 790-1100 CE) lived in a male-dominated society, far from being powerless, they...
Ptolemy XV Caesar “Theos Philopator Philometor” (“the Father-loving Mother-loving God”) (c...
John I Tzimiskes
John I Tzimiskes was Byzantine emperor from 969 to 976 CE. Although he took the throne by murdering his predecessor Nikephoros...
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