Melquart was a Phoenician god and patron god of the
. Probably his name was pronounced "Milqart" and he was also called "king of the city." He was a god who protected sailors, trade
and overseas colonization.
With the Phoenician colonization along Mediterranean
sea, people founded Melqart temples
in the new settlements, thus creating famous temples for Melqart in Gades
and Lepcis Magna
, among others.
During the Hellenistic
period, he was assimilated with Hercules
and from this time on he was always was depicted with Hercules' iconography and attributes, such as the lion skin, whereas before he had no anthropomorphic appearance (he was only presented like a beryl). The French historians Michel Gras, Pierre Rouillard, and Javier Teixidor suggest that the cult of Melquart may have its roots in a deified semi-mythological king of Tyre (thus the name "king of the city") whose mythological deeds resembled those of Hercules (thus the assimilation).
, Heracles-Melqart was a dynastic god of Alexander
the Great. When Alexander went to Tyre, he wanted offer sacrifice at the temple of Melquart (which the Tyreans refused). Along with Liber Pater, he also was a dynastic god of the Roman emperor Septimius Severus