Ancient History Encyclopedia


We're the world's most-read history encyclopedia.

Our mission is to improve history education worldwide by creating the most complete, freely accessible and reliable history resource in the world.


We have a content sharing agreement with Chickasaw TV, the online channel of Chickasaw Nation.

We are media partners of Digital meets Culture, a web portal about digital heritage and art.

We are media partners of EAGLE, the Europeana network of Ancient Greek and Latin Epigraphy.

The European Commission's eLearning portal is recommending us as an open education resource.

We are an open education resource listed in the OER Commons.

We have a content sharing agreement with the history media company Past Preservers.

We are a contributing member of the academic Pelagios network.

We have a content sharing partnership with the digital history & travel magzine Timeless Travels.


1,043 definitions
551 articles
5,179 illustrations
717 videos
70 3D images
10,402 references
4,530 tags
64,050 registered users

Latest Content

Help us write more

We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers. Each article costs us about $50 in history books as source material, plus editing and server costs. You can help us create even more free articles for as little as $5 per month, and we'll give you an ad-free experience to thank you! Become a Member

published on 26 February 2017
Scylla and Charybdis were monsters from Greek mythology thought to inhabit the Straits of Messina, the narrow sea between Sicily and the Italian mainland. Preying on passing mariners, Scylla was a terrible creature with six heads and twelve feet, while Charybdis, living on the opposite side of the straits, was another monster who, over time, was transformed... [continue reading]
published on 24 February 2017
In ancient Egypt, if a woman were having difficulty conceiving a child, she might spend an evening in a Bes Chamber (also known as an incubation chamber) located within a temple. Bes was the god of childbirth, sexuality, fertility, among other his other responsibilities, and it was thought an evening in the god's presence would encourage conception... [continue reading]
published on 23 February 2017
Heka is the god of magic and medicine in ancient Egypt and is also the personification of magic itself. He is probably the most important god in Egyptian mythology but is often overlooked because his presence was so pervasive as to make him almost invisible to the Egyptologists of the 19th and 20th centuries CE. Unlike the well-known Osiris and Isis, Heka had... [continue reading]
published on 23 February 2017
The Regolini-Galassi Tomb is located in the Etruscan town of Cerveteri (aka Cisra or Caere) near the western coast of central Italy, around 50 km north of Rome. Cerveteri flourished between the 7th and 4th century BCE and has hundreds of rock-cut tombs from that period. The Regolini-Galassi tomb dates to c. 680-660 BCE and is one of the most important... [continue reading]
published on 22 February 2017
A famous story from Greece relates how a young woman named Agnodice wished to become a doctor in Athens but found this forbidden. In fact, a woman practicing medicine in Athens in the 4th century BCE faced the death penalty. Refusing to give up on her dreams, she traveled to Alexandria where women were routinely allowed in the medical profession. Once she... [continue reading]
published on 22 February 2017
Ixion is the fiendishly wicked king of the Lapiths from Greek mythology. In an attempted seduction of Hera, he was tricked by Zeus into making love to a cloud instead, from which was born Centaurus, the founder of the race of centaurs. Ixion's eternal punishment for his audacity and complete disrespect for both humanity and the gods was to be tied to an ever-spinning... [continue reading]
published on 21 February 2017
Medicine in ancient Egypt was understood as a combination of practical technique and magical incantation and ritual. Although physical injury was usually addressed pragmatically through bandages, splints, and salves, even the broken bones and surgical procedures described in the medical texts were thought to have been made more effective through magic spells... [continue reading]
published on 21 February 2017
The language of the Etruscans, like the people themselves, has remained somewhat mysterious and has yet to be fully understood. The alphabet used a western Greek script, but the language has presented difficulties to scholars because it is unrelated to contemporary Indo-European languages and the surviving examples of it are largely limited to very... [continue reading]
published on 20 February 2017
The ancient Egyptians experienced the same wide array of disease that people do in the present day, but unlike most people in the modern era, they attributed the experience to supernatural causes. The common cold, for example, was prevalent, but one's symptoms would not have been treated with medicine and bed rest, or not these alone, but with magical... [continue reading]


Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week:

Follow Us