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The Great Wall of China is a barrier fortification in northern China running west-to-east 13,171 miles (21,196 km) from the Jiayuguan Pass (in the west) to the Hushan Mountains in Liaoning Province in the east, ending at the Bohai Gulf. It crosses eleven provinces/municipalities (or ten, according to some authorities) and two autonomous regions (Inner... [continue reading
The Roman Empire in the early 1st century CE was often regarded as the perfect empire. The outstanding military prowess of the Romans was used to expand the empire, and once the territories were acceptably pacified, Roman political power was installed from the capital of the empire to the local governments of the territories. Perfectly balanced between... [continue reading
This post is part of a series of image posts Ancient History et cetera will be putting together each month. Today¬ís post concerns ancient warriors! Ancient warfare was vastly different from how it is conducted today; the vanquished could be certain that slavery or execution awaited them. Initially, ancient armies were made up of infantry units who would... [continue reading
The purpose of this volume is not to offer a systematic overview of ancient warfare but, rather, to provide an update on the current research regarding various aspects of the subject. As such it is an erudite and eclectic mix of Bronze Age Aegean, Greek, Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine studies with one chapter looking at Celtic use of the horse. ... [continue reading
The Hill of Tara is an ancient Neolithic Age site in County Meath, Ireland. It was known as the seat of the High Kings of Ireland, the site of coronations, a place of assembly for the enacting and reading of laws, and for religious festivals. The oldest monument at the site is the Mound of the Hostages, a Neolithic passage tomb, dating from c. 3000 BCE. ... [continue reading
This week¬ís sculpture from Hadrian¬ís Villa is a marble head of Antinous depicted as the god Dionysos, the closest Greek equivalent to the Egyptian god Osiris. It was¬† unearthed in 1769 during excavations undertook by the art dealer and archaeologist Gavin Hamilton who secured it for Lord Lansdowne. The latter was an avid collector of antiquities and owned... [continue reading
This week¬ís sculpture from Hadrian¬ís Villa is a marble head of a companion of Odysseus, copied after a famous work from the Hellenistic period. This head shows the face of a man that probably belonged to a multi-figure group depicting Odysseus with his twelve companions blinding the¬†one-eyed giant (and the most famous of the Cyclopes), Polyphemus... [continue reading
The theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus on the south slope of the acropolis of Athens was first built in the 6th century BCE. Modified and expanded over the centuries, it is the oldest Greek theatre and is the site where some of the most famous Greek plays from antiquity were first performed. Early Form The theatre was part of a wider sanctuary dedicated... [continue reading