Iron Age


by Wikipedia
published on 28 April 2011

In archaeology, the Iron Age was the stage in the development of any people in which tools and weapons whose main ingredient was iron were prominent. The adoption of this material often coincided with other changes in society, including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and artistic styles. In history, the Iron Age is the last principal period in the three-age system for classifying prehistoric societies, preceded by the Bronze Age.

Its date and context vary depending on the country or geographical region. No firm ending date is set for the Iron Age in any particular society; there is simply a point where archaeology becomes less important than surviving history and traditions. Iron alloys remain popular as the steels in most metallic objects. Classically, the Iron Age is taken to begin in the 12th century BCE in the ancient Near East, ancient Iran, ancient India, and ancient Greece. In other regions of Europe, it started much later, while in central Anatolia it started earlier: The Hittites used the first iron in the 14th century BCE. The Iron Age began in the 8th century BCE in central Europe and the 6th century BCE in northern Europe. The Iron Age is usually said to end in the Mediterranean with the onset of historical tradition during Hellenism and the Roman Empire, and in Northern Europe with the early Middle Ages.

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Visual Timeline
  • c. 1380 BCE
    First instances of iron working in the Hittite Empire.
  • c. 1100 BCE - c. 600 BCE
    Iron Age Development, public buildings erected at the Agora in Athens.
  • 1000 BCE
    Iron working in southern Europe.
  • c. 800 BCE - c. 600 BCE
    Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture flourishes across Europe.
  • 750 BCE
    Emergence of Hallstatt Iron Age culture in Europe.
  • 750 BCE
    Iron working is introduced to Egypt.
  • c. 720 BCE - 585 BCE
    Tel Kabri is occupied by a town belonging to the Phoenician city-state of Tyre. In addition to the town, a citadel is constructed on the site to house a local garrison of Greek mercenaries.
  • 700 BCE
    Iron in wide use across Europe.
  • c. 700 BCE
    Iron Age begins in Scotland.
  • 650 BCE
    Iron working spreads to North Africa.
  • c. 200 BCE
    Iron in the Celtic world experiences a significant boom. Iron manufacturing increase in all facets of life such as weapon construction and agriculture items.
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