Mesoamerica Timeline

Search Results

  • 7000 BCE - 2000 BCE
    The Archaic Period in Mesoamerica during which hunter-gatherer culture moved toward agriculture.
  • c. 2700 BCE
    Corn is first cultivated in Mesoamerica.
  • c. 1200 BCE - c. 400 BCE
    The Olmec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
  • 1200 BCE - 300 BCE
    The Olmec Period which saw the rise of the Olmec culture's work in stone, first major cities appear.
  • c. 1200 BCE
    The Olmec civilization springs from the grouping of ancient villages along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
  • c. 1200 BCE
    San Lorenzo becomes the great ceremonial centre of the Olmec civilization.
  • 950 BCE - 1400 BCE
    Evidence of the surgical procedure of trephination found in Mesoamerica.
  • c. 900 BCE
    The centre of San Lorenzo is detroyed and monuments are defaced. La Venta becomes the Olmec capital.
  • 500 BCE - 900 CE
    The Zapotec Civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
  • c. 500 BCE
    Cuicuilco is at its peak in the Valley of Mexico and constructs a large circular temple pyramid.
  • 500 BCE - 450 BCE
    Monte Alban becomes the capital of the Zapotec in the Oaxaca Valley of Mexico.
  • c. 300 BCE - 400 BCE
    La Venta is destroyed, monuments are defaced and the Olmec civilization ends.
  • c. 300 BCE
    First recorded settlement at Tikal.
  • c. 50 BCE - c. 100 CE
    Cuicuilco in the Valley of Mexico is destroyed by a volcanic eruption.
  • c. 100 CE
    The Pyramid of the Sun is built at Teotihuacan.
  • 250 CE - 950 CE
    The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal, Copan and Uxmal.
  • c. 300 CE - 550 CE
    The city of Teotihuacan dominates Mesoamerica.
  • 426 CE - 437 CE
    Reign of the first named Copan ruler K'inich Yax K'uk Mo.
  • c. 600 CE
    Teotihuacan is deliberately destroyed by fire and abandoned.
  • c. 700 CE
    Xochicalco in the highlands of central Mexico is founded.
  • c. 800 CE
    The Pyramid of the Niches is completed at El Tajin.
  • c. 900 CE - c. 1150 CE
    The Toltec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
  • c. 900 CE
    Xochicalco in the highlands of central Mexico is abandoned.
  • 900 CE - 1100 CE
    El Tajin flourishes in northern Veracruz.
  • 935 CE - 947 CE
    Ce Acatl Topiltzin the legendary leader of the Toltecs was born.
  • 1100 CE - 1200 CE
    The Valley of Mexico is first settled by migrating tribes (Chichimecs, Tepanecs, Mexica and Acolhua).
  • c. 1150 CE
    The Toltec capital of Tollan is systematically destroyed.
  • 1156 CE - 1168 CE
    The remaining Toltecs led by Huemac flee Tollan and re-settle at Chapultepec on the west banks of Lake Texcoco.
  • c. 1200 CE
    Tulum prospers as a trading centre under the influence of Mayapan.
  • 1345 CE
    Traditional date for the founding of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan on Lake Texcoco.
  • c. 1345 CE - 1521 CE
    The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
  • 1350 CE - 1522 CE
    The Tarascan civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
  • 1418 CE
    Texcoco is temporarily conquered by Mexica and Tepanec forces.
  • 1428 CE
    The Triple Alliance is formed between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan.
  • 1431 CE
    Netzahualcoyotl officially becomes tlatoani or leader of Texcoco.
  • 1469 CE - 1481 CE
    Axayacatl reigns as leader of the Aztec Empire.
  • 1486 CE - 1502 CE
    Ahuitzotl reigns as leader of the Aztec Empire.
  • 1502 CE - 1520 CE
    Motecuhzoma II reigns as leader of the Aztec Empire.
  • c. 1520 CE
    Ixtlilxochitl, with the support of Cortés, becomes king of Texcoco.
  • 13 Aug 1521 CE
    The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan falls into the hands of spanish forces led by Cortes.

Visual Timeline

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE 1500 CE  
 
7000 BCE - 2000 BCE: The Archaic Period in Mesoamerica during which hunter-gatherer culture moved toward agriculture.
 
 
2700 BCE: Corn is first cultivated in Mesoamerica.
 
 
1200 BCE - 400 BCE: The Olmec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
 
1200 BCE - 300 BCE: The Olmec Period which saw the rise of the Olmec culture's work in stone, first major cities appear.
 
 
1200 BCE: The Olmec civilization springs from the grouping of ancient villages along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
 
 
1200 BCE: San Lorenzo becomes the great ceremonial centre of the Olmec civilization.
 
950 BCE - 1400 BCE: Evidence of the surgical procedure of trephination found in Mesoamerica.
 
 
900 BCE: The centre of San Lorenzo is detroyed and monuments are defaced. La Venta becomes the Olmec capital.
 
500 BCE - 900 CE: The Zapotec Civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
 
500 BCE: Cuicuilco is at its peak in the Valley of Mexico and constructs a large circular temple pyramid.
 
 
500 BCE - 450 BCE: Monte Alban becomes the capital of the Zapotec in the Oaxaca Valley of Mexico.
 
 
300 BCE - 400 BCE: La Venta is destroyed, monuments are defaced and the Olmec civilization ends.
 
300 BCE: First recorded settlement at Tikal.
 
 
50 BCE - 100 CE: Cuicuilco in the Valley of Mexico is destroyed by a volcanic eruption.
 
100 CE: The Pyramid of the Sun is built at Teotihuacan.
 
250 CE - 950 CE: The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal, Copan and Uxmal.
 
300 CE - 550 CE: The city of Teotihuacan dominates Mesoamerica.
 
 
426 CE - 437 CE: Reign of the first named Copan ruler K'inich Yax K'uk Mo.
 
 
600 CE: Teotihuacan is deliberately destroyed by fire and abandoned.
 
700 CE: Xochicalco in the highlands of central Mexico is founded.
 
800 CE: The Pyramid of the Niches is completed at El Tajin.
 
 
900 CE - 1150 CE: The Toltec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
 
900 CE: Xochicalco in the highlands of central Mexico is abandoned.
 
900 CE - 1100 CE: El Tajin flourishes in northern Veracruz.
 
 
935 CE - 947 CE: Ce Acatl Topiltzin the legendary leader of the Toltecs was born.
 
 
1100 CE - 1200 CE: The Valley of Mexico is first settled by migrating tribes (Chichimecs, Tepanecs, Mexica and Acolhua).
 
 
1150 CE: The Toltec capital of Tollan is systematically destroyed.
 
 
1156 CE - 1168 CE: The remaining Toltecs led by Huemac flee Tollan and re-settle at Chapultepec on the west banks of Lake Texcoco.
 
1200 CE: Tulum prospers as a trading centre under the influence of Mayapan.
 
 
1345 CE: Traditional date for the founding of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan on Lake Texcoco.
 
 
1345 CE - 1521 CE: The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
 
 
1350 CE - 1522 CE: The Tarascan civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
 
 
1418 CE: Texcoco is temporarily conquered by Mexica and Tepanec forces.
 
 
1428 CE: The Triple Alliance is formed between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan.
 
 
1431 CE: Netzahualcoyotl officially becomes tlatoani or leader of Texcoco.
 
 
1469 CE - 1481 CE: Axayacatl reigns as leader of the Aztec Empire.
 
 
1486 CE - 1502 CE: Ahuitzotl reigns as leader of the Aztec Empire.
 
 
1502 CE - 1520 CE: Motecuhzoma II reigns as leader of the Aztec Empire.
 
 
1520 CE: Ixtlilxochitl, with the support of Cortés, becomes king of Texcoco.
 
 
1521 CE: The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan falls into the hands of spanish forces led by Cortes.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7000 BCE 6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE 1000 CE

Timeline Search

Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for.

Remove Ads

Advertisement