Han Dynasty Timeline

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  • 206 BCE - 9 CE
    The Han dynasty rules China from their capital in Chang'an.
  • 206 BCE - 220 CE
    Han dynasty, one of the longest of China’s major dynasties.
  • Mar 206 BCE
    Emperor Gaozu (Liu Bang) becomes the first Han ruler.
  • 202 BCE
    Liu-Bang of Han establishes the Han Dynasty in China.
  • 202 BCE
    Liu Bang is proclaimed emperor of China after defeating the rebel Xiang Yu.
  • 195 BCE
    Liu Bang dies. His empress Lü Zhi (also known as Lü Hou) tries to confiscate the empire for her own family. The conflict lasts for 15 years.
  • 141 BCE - 87 BCE
    Reign of Emperor Emperor Wu (also known as Wu Di).
  • 141 BCE - 87 BCE
    Han Emperor Wu abandons Legalism in favor of Confucianism.
  • 140 BCE - 87 BCE
    Han emperor Wu rules and expands Han territory in China.
  • 138 BCE - 126 BCE
    Zhang Qian, as envoy of the Han emperor, opens up the 'Silk Road' trading route between China and central Asia.
  • 117 BCE - 100 BCE
    Han emperors extend the western part of the Great Wall of China.
  • 109 BCE
    Chinese Han Empire conquers the kingdom of Tien.
  • 108 BCE
    Wiman Joseon is conquered by the Han dynasty.
  • 104 BCE - 101 BCE
    The War of the Heavenly Horses, general Li Guangli forces the city of Da Yuan (Alexandria Eschate) into tributary status.
  • 2 CE
    Chang’an, the imperial capital of China, had a population of nearly 250 thousand people.
  • 9 CE
    Wang Man takes control of the empire by usurping the throne and proclaiming the the beginning of a new dynasty called Xin “new”.
  • 23 CE
    The sack of Chang'an, imperial capital of China.
  • c. 23 CE
    After the sack of Chang'an, Liu Xiu led his loyal officials to the city of Luoyang, where the Chinese imperial capital was relocated.
  • 25 CE - 220 CE
    The Eastern Han dynasty rules China.
  • 91 CE
    The Han dynasty of China invades Mongolia.
  • 105 CE
    Invention of fine paper-making process by Cai Lun.
  • 148 CE
    An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
  • c. 155 CE - 220 CE
    Life of Cao Cao, Chinese military dictator and founder of the Wei state.
  • 160 CE
    Chinese Han empire in decline.
  • 184 CE - 192 CE
    The 'Yellow Turban' rebellion is quashed by the Han in China.
  • 184 CE
    A large peasant uprising known as the Yellow Turban Rebellion (sometimes referred to as the Yellow Scarves Rebellion) threatened the city of Luoyang.
  • 184 CE
    The Yellow Turban rebellion breaks out when local government offices are attacked across China.
  • 189 CE
    Luoyang, the Han capital, is sacked by the Chinese warlord Dong Zhuo.
  • 190 CE
    Luoyang, the Han capital in China, is burned.
  • 190 CE
    Dong Zhou seized control of the Chinese imperial capital and placed a child, Liu Xie, as the new ruler.
  • 205 CE
    Cao Cao takes over the former Han government and appoints himself chancellor, in effect, a military dictator.
  • 215 CE
    Cao Cao represses for good the Yellow Turban rebellion in China.
  • 220 CE
    Liu Xie abdicated the throne. Wars between warlords and states continued and China would have to wait about 350 years to be unified again.

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Legend:

210 BCE 200 BCE 190 BCE 180 BCE 170 BCE 160 BCE 150 BCE 140 BCE 130 BCE 120 BCE 110 BCE 100 BCE 90 BCE 80 BCE 70 BCE 60 BCE 50 BCE 40 BCE 30 BCE 20 BCE 10 BCE 0 CE 10 CE 20 CE 30 CE 40 CE 50 CE 60 CE 70 CE 80 CE 90 CE 100 CE 110 CE 120 CE 130 CE 140 CE 150 CE 160 CE 170 CE 180 CE 190 CE 200 CE 210 CE 220 CE  
 
 
206 BCE - 9 CE: The Han dynasty rules China from their capital in Chang'an.
 
 
206 BCE - 220 CE: Han dynasty, one of the longest of China’s major dynasties.
 
 
206 BCE: Emperor Gaozu (Liu Bang) becomes the first Han ruler.
 
 
202 BCE: Liu-Bang of Han establishes the Han Dynasty in China.
 
 
202 BCE: Liu Bang is proclaimed emperor of China after defeating the rebel Xiang Yu.
 
 
195 BCE: Liu Bang dies. His empress Lü Zhi (also known as Lü Hou) tries to confiscate the empire for her own family. The conflict lasts for 15 years.
 
141 BCE - 87 BCE: Reign of Emperor Emperor Wu (also known as Wu Di).
 
 
141 BCE - 87 BCE: Han Emperor Wu abandons Legalism in favor of Confucianism.
 
 
140 BCE - 87 BCE: Han emperor Wu rules and expands Han territory in China.
 
 
138 BCE - 126 BCE: Zhang Qian, as envoy of the Han emperor, opens up the 'Silk Road' trading route between China and central Asia.
 
 
117 BCE - 100 BCE: Han emperors extend the western part of the Great Wall of China.
 
 
109 BCE: Chinese Han Empire conquers the kingdom of Tien.
 
 
108 BCE: Wiman Joseon is conquered by the Han dynasty.
 
 
104 BCE - 101 BCE: The War of the Heavenly Horses, general Li Guangli forces the city of Da Yuan (Alexandria Eschate) into tributary status.
 
 
2 CE: Chang’an, the imperial capital of China, had a population of nearly 250 thousand people.
 
9 CE: Wang Man takes control of the empire by usurping the throne and proclaiming the the beginning of a new dynasty called Xin “new”.
 
 
23 CE: The sack of Chang'an, imperial capital of China.
 
 
23 CE: After the sack of Chang'an, Liu Xiu led his loyal officials to the city of Luoyang, where the Chinese imperial capital was relocated.
 
 
25 CE - 220 CE: The Eastern Han dynasty rules China.
 
 
91 CE: The Han dynasty of China invades Mongolia.
 
105 CE: Invention of fine paper-making process by Cai Lun.
 
 
148 CE: An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
 
 
155 CE - 220 CE: Life of Cao Cao, Chinese military dictator and founder of the Wei state.
 
 
160 CE: Chinese Han empire in decline.
 
 
184 CE - 192 CE: The 'Yellow Turban' rebellion is quashed by the Han in China.
 
184 CE: A large peasant uprising known as the Yellow Turban Rebellion (sometimes referred to as the Yellow Scarves Rebellion) threatened the city of Luoyang.
 
 
184 CE: The Yellow Turban rebellion breaks out when local government offices are attacked across China.
 
 
189 CE: Luoyang, the Han capital, is sacked by the Chinese warlord Dong Zhuo.
 
 
190 CE: Luoyang, the Han capital in China, is burned.
 
190 CE: Dong Zhou seized control of the Chinese imperial capital and placed a child, Liu Xie, as the new ruler.
 
 
205 CE: Cao Cao takes over the former Han government and appoints himself chancellor, in effect, a military dictator.
 
 
215 CE: Cao Cao represses for good the Yellow Turban rebellion in China.
 
 
220 CE: Liu Xie abdicated the throne. Wars between warlords and states continued and China would have to wait about 350 years to be unified again.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
210 BCE 130 BCE 50 BCE 30 CE 110 CE 190 CE

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