The Passover Papyrus from Elephantine

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Illustration

Arienne King
by Egyptian Museum of Berlin
published on 17 April 2019
The Passover Papyrus from Elephantine

A papyrus letter, written in Aramaic, from the fortified island of Elephantine in Egypt. The letter was written c. 419 BCE by a Jewish man named Hananiah and is addressed to his brother Jedoniah and the rest of the Jews garrisoned at Elephantine. The letter states that King Darius II (r. 424 - 404 BCE) has instructed the Persian satrap Armases (c. 5th Century BCE) to allow the Jewish garrison at Elephantine to observe a seven-day festival of unleavened bread. This is believed to be an early reference to observance of the Passover holiday.

The so-called Passover Papyrus was found during the excavations of Otto Rubensohn and Friedrich Zucker in the early 20th Century. This papyrus is now part of the collection of the Egyptian Museum of Berlin in Germany.

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Berlin, E. M. O. (2019, April 17). The Passover Papyrus from Elephantine. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/image/10468/

Chicago Style

Berlin, Egyptian M. O. "The Passover Papyrus from Elephantine." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified April 17, 2019. https://www.ancient.eu/image/10468/.

MLA Style

Berlin, Egyptian M. O. "The Passover Papyrus from Elephantine." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Apr 2019. Web. 26 Feb 2020.

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