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The Roman Emperor Constantine founded Constantinople on Byzantium, a strategic site for controlling the Bosphorus by the Greeks and as recently as Septimius Severus. This city was Constantine's "New Rome" with churches, walls, hippodrome and palace, baths and walls spread throughout seven hills, as per Rome. Many other emperors added to the glory of Constantinople, including Valens, Theodosius, Theodosius II, Marcian, and Justinian I, who built the definitive version of the Hagia Sophia. The city suffered many setbacks, through it did not "fall" as early as the western half of the Roman Empire. The Crusader sack of 1204 CE stands out as a flashpoint of the city's precious state in the medieval period, with the bronze horses and tetrarch statue group noteworthy spoils from wealthy Constantinople still on display in San Marco in Venice.
Find out more about the Parthians at https://ancientromelive.org/istanbul-turkey-constantinople/
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Culture, A. I. F. R. (2020, January 27). Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) - Ancient Rome Live. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/video/1911/constantinople-istanbul-turkey---ancient-rome-live/
Culture, American I. F. R. "Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) - Ancient Rome Live." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 27, 2020. https://www.ancient.eu/video/1911/constantinople-istanbul-turkey---ancient-rome-live/.
Culture, American I. F. R. "Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) - Ancient Rome Live." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 27 Jan 2020. Web. 11 Apr 2021.