Temple Timeline

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12000 BCE 11500 BCE 11000 BCE 10500 BCE 10000 BCE 9500 BCE 9000 BCE 8500 BCE 8000 BCE 7500 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE  
 
12000 BCE: Construction of Gobekli Tepe Temple, oldest temple in the world.
 
 
11000 BCE: Temple walls of Gobekli Tepe built.
 
 
4500 BCE: The Sumerians built their first temple.
 
3000 BCE: Medical School at the Temple of Neith as Sais, run by a female physician.
 
 
2613 BCE - 2181 BCE: Seshat associated with the House of Life in temples or temple precincts of Egypt.
 
 
2144 BCE - 2124 BCE: Reign of Gudea, governor of Lagash, who wrote recorded his dream vision The Building of Ningirsu's Temple, featuring Nanshe.
 
2125 BCE: Nanshe features prominently in the text The Building of Ningirsu's Temple.
 
2000 BCE - 150 BCE: Temple of Anu in Uruk in constant use.
 
 
1971 BCE - 1926 BCE: Reign of Senusret I in Egypt who begins construction of Temple of Amun at Karnak.
 
 
1971 BCE - 204 BCE: Construction and daily use of Temple Complex of Karnak.
 
 
1550 BCE - 1070 BCE: The temple to Hathor of Ibschek built and dedicated.
 
 
1510 BCE: The traditional date Danaos builds a temple to Athena Lindia at Lindus on Rhodes.
 
 
1500 BCE: First temple to Demeter & Persephone built at Eleusis.
 
1483 BCE: Hatshepsut begins work on the temple complex at Deir El-Bahri.
 
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: Akhenaten builds temple to Aten at Memphis.
 
 
1333 BCE - 1323 BCE: The temple to Tutankhamun built and dedicated.
 
1279 BCE - 1213 BCE: Ramesses II builds grand Temple of Nepthys at the religious center of Sepermeru in Egypt.
 
1273 BCE - 1244 BCE: King Shalmanesar I builds a palace and temple at Nineveh.
 
950 BCE: Solomon builds the first Temple of Jerusalem.
 
 
879 BCE: Ashurnasirpal II declares Kalhu capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, dedicates temple to Ninurta.
 
750 BCE: The Old Temple is constructed at Chavin de Huantar.
 
 
700 BCE: The temple of Apollo is built on the island of Delos.
 
 
650 BCE - 600 BCE: Heraion, temple dedicated to Hera built at Olympia.
 
 
650 BCE: The first temple in honour of Apollo is built at Delphi.
 
586 BCE: Destruction of the First Temple in Jerusalem and exile of upper class Judeans.
 
 
580 BCE: The west pediment of the temple of Artemis in Corcyra depicts Medusa and Pegasus.
 
580 BCE - 560 BCE: The main temple of the acropolis, Temple C, was built at Selinus.
 
570 BCE: First Temple of Aphaia complex built on Aegina.
 
 
570 BCE - 560 BCE: A large temple is built and dedicated to Hera on Samos.
 
 
570 BCE - 530 BCE: The Doric Temple of Hera is built at Metapontum, Magna Graecia.
 
550 BCE: The Temple of Hera I is built at Paestum.
 
 
550 BCE - 430 BCE: Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
 
 
550 BCE: The temple of Apollo is constructed at Corinth.
 
 
520 BCE: A new temple is built and dedicated to Hera on Samos during the reign of Polycrates.
 
515 BCE - 70 CE: The Second Temple Period; Judaism is revised, scriptures canonized, Yahweh becomes sole deity, monotheism established.
 
515 BCE - 70 CE: Biblical Book of Genesis revised, along with other Hebrew scripture, during the Second Temple Period.
 
 
510 BCE: The Etruscan Portonaccio Temple is constructed at Veii.
 
510 BCE: The temple of Hercules is built at Agrigento.
 
510 BCE: The Temple of Athena is built at Paestum.
 
 
510 BCE: The second temple to Apollo is constructed at Delphi, replacing the first temple destroyed by fire.
 
510 BCE: Fire Destroys the Temple of Aphaia complex and other structures.
 
500 BCE: The New Temple is constructed at Chavin de Huantar.
 
500 BCE: Cuicuilco is at its peak in the Valley of Mexico and constructs a large circular temple pyramid.
 
 
497 BCE: The first temple dedicated to Saturn is constructed in the Forum Romanum of Rome.
 
 
495 BCE: A temple is built in honour of Mercury near Rome's Circus Maximus.
 
 
490 BCE - 480 BCE: Supremacy of Aegina's naval fleet. Temple of Aphaia rebuilt.
 
 
484 BCE: The first temple of the Dioscuri (Castor & Pollux) is dedicated in Rome's Forum Romanum by Aulus Postumius following his victory over the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus.
 
480 BCE: The huge temple of Zeus is built at Agrigento.
 
480 BCE - 470 BCE: An Ionic temple is built at Metapontum of unknown dedication.
 
478 BCE: Temple of Confucius built at Qufu, China.
 
 
465 BCE: New Temple to Poseidon built at Isthmia.
 
 
460 BCE - 457 BCE: Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Phidias.
 
 
460 BCE: The west pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia is decorated with a Centauromachy of centaurs fighting Lapiths at the wedding of Peirithoos.
 
460 BCE: The temple of Hera II is built at Paestum.
 
 
457 BCE: Metopes on the Temple of Zeus at Olympia depict the twelve labours of Hercules.
 
 
450 BCE - 430 BCE: The Temple of Concordia is built at Agrigento.
 
 
449 BCE: The Hephaisteion, temple to Athena & Hephaistos, built in Athens.
 
 
444 BCE - 440 BCE: Temple of Poseidon at Sounion re-built.
 
 
431 BCE: The temple to Apollo Medicus is built in Rome.
 
 
430 BCE: The cult statue of Zeus by Phidias is dedicated in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
 
430 BCE: The temple of Hephaistos is built at Agrigento.
 
 
425 BCE - 420 BCE: The Temple dedicated to Athena Nike is constructed on the acropolis of Athens.
 
 
420 BCE - 400 BCE: The Temple of Apollo is built at Bassae.
 
417 BCE: The Doric temple of Segesta is built.
 
 
380 BCE - 375 BCE: Temple to Asclepius constructed at Epidaurus.
 
 
373 BCE: An earthquake destroys the temple of Apollo at Delphi.
 
 
356 BCE: The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus is destroyed by a deliberate fire.
 
 
355 BCE - 330 BCE: The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus is rebuilt/restored.
 
 
342 BCE: Fire destroys the 6th century BCE temple to Athena at Lindos, Rhodes and is replaced by a new one.
 
340 BCE: Macedon funds the building of a large temple on Samothrace.
 
 
330 BCE: Temple of Zeus built at Nemea.
 
 
330 BCE: The third temple to Apollo is constructed at Delphi, replacing the earlier temple damaged by earthquake.
 
 
320 BCE: Temple dedicated to Aphrodite constructed at Epidaurus.
 
 
301 BCE - 320 BCE: Doric temple to Athena and fortifications of Lysimachus built at Troy.
 
 
295 BCE: The first temple to Venus is dedicated on Rome's Aventine Hill.
 
 
292 BCE: The Romans adopt the Greek god of medicine Asclepius by stealing his sacred snake from Epidaurus and setting up a temple on the Tiber Island.
 
237 BCE: Construction of Temple of Hathor at Philae.
 
 
225 BCE - 150 BCE: The Temple of Hercules is built at Ostia.
 
 
192 BCE: A temple dedicated to Vejovis is built in Rome.
 
 
146 BCE: First Roman all-marble building is constructed, the temple of Jupiter Stater in Rome.
 
 
54 BCE: Temple of Hathor at Dendera built.
 
46 BCE: Cleopatra VII and her young son Caesarion visit Rome, residing in Julius Caesar's villa; Caesar dedicates a temple to Venus Genetrix with a controversial statue of Cleopatra as Isis-Venus within.
 
 
37 BCE: Herod the Great is installed as King of Judaea. Rebuilding of the Temple of Jerusalem.
 
29 BCE: Augustus builds the temple of Divius Iulius on the spot of Julius Caesar's funeral pyre in Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
29 BCE: The Temple of Divus Julius, dedicated to the deified Julius Caesar, is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
 
10 BCE: Augustus rebuilds the Temple of Castor and Pollux in Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
2 BCE: Augusutus inaugurates the Temple of Mars Ultor in Rome to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE.
 
1 CE - 100 CE: Construction of the temple of Jupiter Baal by the Romans at Baalbek.
 
10 CE: The Temple of Concordia Augusta is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
 
14 CE: The Temple of Rome and Augustus is built at Ostia.
 
 
70 CE: The city of Jerusalem is besieged and captured by Rome; the Second Temple destroyed.
 
 
70 CE: Second Jewish Temple is destroyed in Jerusalem.
 
70 CE - 80 CE: Probable construction date of the Temple of Garni in Armenia.
 
80 CE: The Temple of Vespasian and Titus is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
135 CE - 140 CE: The Temple of Roma and Venus is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
138 CE: Temple dedicated to Hadrian built in Ephesos.
 
140 CE: The Temple of Divus Antoninus Pius & Faustina is built in Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
 
150 CE - 200 CE: A small temple dedicated to Dionysos is built at Dion.
 
166 CE: The Capitolium temple is built at Thugga.
 
195 CE: A temple to Saturn-Baal is built at Thugga.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12000 BCE 10000 BCE 8000 BCE 6000 BCE 4000 BCE 2000 BCE

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