Syracuse Timeline

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800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE  
 
 
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
 
 
491 BCE - 478 BCE: Gelon is tyrant of Syracuse.
 
 
480 BCE: Tyrant of Syracuse Gelon defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of Himera.
 
 
478 BCE - 467 BCE: Hiero I is tyrant of Syracuse.
 
 
474 BCE: An Etruscan fleet is defeated by the navy of Syracuse at the Battle of Cumae.
 
 
454 BCE: Syracuse attacks the Etrurian coast, including Vetulonia.
 
 
415 BCE - 413 BCE: Athenian expedition to attack Syracuse.
 
413 BCE: Agrigento remains neutral in the war between Athens and Syracuse.
 
 
405 BCE: Dionysius becomes tyrant in Syracuse, Sicily.
 
 
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
 
 
397 BCE: Dionysius I of Syracuse employs wheeled seige towers and bolt throwers for the first time in Greek warfare at the seige of Motya.
 
 
384 BCE: Syracuse attacks the ports of the Etruscan city of Cerveteri.
 
 
367 BCE: Plato's second trip to Syracuse.
 
 
367 BCE: Dionysius II becomes tyrant of Syracuse, Sicily.
 
361 BCE - 289 BCE: Life of Agathocles of Syracuse.
 
 
356 BCE: Dion becomes tyrant of Syracuse.
 
346 BCE: Dionysius II is once again tyrant of Syracuse.
 
 
344 BCE: Timoleon defeats Dionysius II of Syracuse and establishes an oligarchy government.
 
 
344 BCE: Corcyra contributes two ships to Timoleon's fleet which attacked Syracuse.
 
330 BCE: Agathocles is exiled from Syracuse.
 
319 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse declares himself strategos auotkrator.
 
 
317 BCE: Agathocles takes power in Syracuse.
 
 
311 BCE: A Carthaginian army defeats Agathocles of Syracuse near Gela, Sicily.
 
 
310 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse lands an army of 14,000 in North Africa.
 
 
309 BCE: Syracuse defeats a Carthaginian army in Sicily and kills their general Hamilcar.
 
 
309 BCE - 308 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse successfuly campaigns in North Africa defeating Carthaginian armies and taking Utica and Hippacra.
 
 
307 BCE: Carthage defeats the army of Agathocles of Syracuse led by Archagathus while Agathocles is in Sicily.
 
 
306 BCE: Agathocles declares himself king of Syracuse.
 
 
306 BCE: Carthage and Agathocles of Syracuse sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them.
 
 
300 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse campaigns in Italy and captures Bruttium.
 
 
295 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse captures Croton in southern Italy.
 
 
289 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse dies from poison or illness.
 
 
288 BCE: Hicetus becomes tyrant of Syracuse.
 
270 BCE - 215 BCE: Hiero II is tyrant of Syracuse.
 
 
264 BCE: The Mamertines at Messana on Sicily call for Carthaginian and then Roman help in defence against Syracuse, sparking the First Punic War.
 
 
250 BCE: Syracuse is supplied by three aqueducts.
 
214 BCE: Syracuse joins the side of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
 
 
213 BCE - 212 BCE: Roman commander Marcus Claudius Marcellus lays seige to and ultimately sacks Syracuse.
 
212 BCE: A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
 
 
211 BCE: Marcus Claudius Marcellus is given a triumph for his capture of Syracuse and victories in Sicily.
 
201 BCE: Syracuse joins the Roman Republic, province of Sicily is formed.
 
 
663 CE: Byzantine emperor Constans II takes up permanent residence at Syracuse, Sicily.
 
668 CE: Byzantine Emperor Constans II is killed in his bath in Syracuse, Sicily.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE

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