To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.
800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE
750 BCE: Phoenicians found the colony of Motya on Sicily.
734 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Naxos on Sicily.
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
720 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Rhegium in Sicily.
689 BCE: Rhodes and Cretans found Gela in Sicily.
630 BCE: Selinus is founded by colonists from Megara Hyblaea, Sicily.
630 BCE: Messana founds the colony of Himera on Sicily.
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
491 BCE - 478 BCE: Reign of Gelon, tyrant of Gela on Sicily.
456 BCE: Aeschylus dies in Gela, Sicily.
427 BCE: First Athenian expedition to Sicily.
415 BCE - 413 BCE: Great Athenian expedition to Sicily ends in failure.
415 BCE: Alcibiades persuades the Athenian assembly to send a military expedition to Sicily.
415 BCE: Athens launches an expedition against Sicily, the pretext being protection of Segesta.
413 BCE: The Athenian expedition in Sicily ends in disastrous defeat and the Athenian generals Nicias and Demosthenes are executed.
406 BCE: A Carthaginian army sacks Gela on Sicily.
405 BCE: Dionysius becomes tyrant in Syracuse, Sicily.
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
396 BCE: The Carthaginian city of Lilybaeum is founded on Sicily.
367 BCE: Dionysius II becomes tyrant of Syracuse, Sicily.
341 BCE: Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Crimisus in Sicily.
339 BCE: Gela on Sicily is rebuilt by the Corinthian general Timoleon.
338 BCE: Timoleon agrees a peace treaty with Carthage over their control of Sicily.
311 BCE: A Carthaginian army defeats Agathocles of Syracuse near Gela, Sicily.
309 BCE: Syracuse defeats a Carthaginian army in Sicily and kills their general Hamilcar.
307 BCE: Carthage defeats the army of Agathocles of Syracuse led by Archagathus while Agathocles is in Sicily.
306 BCE: Carthage and Agathocles of Syracuse sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them.
282 BCE: Gela, on Sicily, is destroyed by Phintias, the tyrant of Agrigento.
264 BCE - 241 BCE: First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
264 BCE: The Mamertines at Messana on Sicily call for Carthaginian and then Roman help in defence against Syracuse, sparking the First Punic War.
262 BCE: Rome besieges and sacks Agrigento on Sicily in one of the first actions of the First Punic War.
250 BCE: Selinus on Sicily is abandoned.
247 BCE: Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.
244 BCE: Hamilcar Barca captures Eryx on Sicily during the First Punic War.
242 BCE: A Roman fleet besieges the Carthaginian stronghold of Drepana on Sicily during the First Punic War.
212 BCE: A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
211 BCE: Marcus Claudius Marcellus is given a triumph for his capture of Syracuse and victories in Sicily.
201 BCE: Syracuse joins the Roman Republic, province of Sicily is formed.
189 CE: Septimius Severus is proconsul of Sicily. Birth of Geta, his second son.
535 CE: Belisarius conquers Sicily and Naples.
550 CE: Totila conquers Sicily.
551 CE: General Narses lands in Sicily to lead imperial armies against Totila.
663 CE: Byzantine emperor Constans II takes up permanent residence at Syracuse, Sicily.
668 CE: Byzantine Emperor Constans II is killed in his bath in Syracuse, Sicily.
902 CE: Byzantine Taormina on Sicily falls to Arab attacks.
965 CE: Byzantine forces are defeated and forced out of Sicily by Muslim troops.