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5000 BCE: Evidence of religious practices in the Indus Valley.
4000 BCE: Depictions of gods and afterlife on walls of Egyptian tombs.
4000 BCE: Earliest Egyptian Myths Recorded.
4000 BCE - 3000 BCE: Trade contact between Byblos and Egypt.
3500 BCE: First written evidence of religion in Sumerian cuneiform.
3500 BCE: First written evidence of religion in the world recorded on Sumerian tablets.
3000 BCE: Hathor, known as Mistress of Dendera, cult center flourishes in the city of Dendera.
3000 BCE: Persian religious belief is developed.
2900 BCE - 2700 BCE: Nergal first appears in Mesopotamian religion as a regional god of Kutha known as Meslamtaea.
2613 BCE - 2181 BCE: The goddess Ma'at first appears during the period of the Old Kingdom in Egypt.
2600 BCE: The Myth of Etana written.
2500 BCE: Osiris as Dying and Reviving God and God of the Dead appears in Pyramid Texts.
2400 BCE - 2300 BCE: The Pyramid Texts written, the oldest religious literature in Egypt.
2285 BCE - 2250 BCE: Life of Enheduanna, daughter of Sargon of Akkad, and world's first author known by name.
2250 BCE: Beer brewed in Egypt.
2150 BCE - 1400 BCE: The Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh written on clay tablets.
2134 BCE - 2040 BCE: The Coffin Texts developed from the Pyramid Texts.
2100 BCE: First ziggurats in Ur, Eridu, Uruk, and Nippur.
1900 BCE - 1600 BCE: Composition of The Descent of Inanna.
1800 BCE: Written form of the Hymn to Ninkasi, the goddess of beer.
1700 BCE: The Ludul-Bel-Nimeqi written (known as the Sumerian 'Book of Job').
1640 BCE - 1700 BCE: Written form of the Atrahasis Myth of the Great Flood.
1550 BCE - 1070 BCE: The Egyptian Book of the Dead (The Book of Coming Forth by Day) written.
1500 BCE - 500 BCE: The Vedic Period in India.
1500 BCE - 1100 BCE: The Rig Veda written, mentioning the god Rudra (Shiva) for the first time.
1500 BCE: First temple to Demeter & Persephone is built at Eleusis.
1500 BCE - 1000 BCE: Concept of the Chinvat Bridge develops with the religion of Zoroastrianism.
1500 BCE - 1000 BCE: Zoroaster develops his new vision of religious truth which becomes Zoroastrianism.
1500 BCE - 1000 BCE: Prophet Zoroaster introduces monotheistic belief to Persian religious system; his religion later adopted as state religion of the Sassanian Empire.
1500 BCE - 1000 BCE: Development of the religion of Zoroastrianism in region of ancient Persia.
1336 BCE - 1327 BCE: Reign of pharaoh Tutankhamun who reverses Akhenaten's policies and restores traditional religion to Egypt.
1336 BCE: Tutankhamun re-establishes the old Egyptian religion after the death of Akhenaten; cult of Amun resumes.
1320 BCE - 1295 BCE: Horemheb rules Egypt, restores the old religion and temples.
1300 BCE: The Myth of Adapa appears in written form.
1250 BCE - 1150 BCE: Destruction of many Canaanite towns hints at a possible invasion of the Israelites into Canaan.
1120 BCE: Extant copy of the Sumerian Enuma Elish (creation story) is made from much older text.
1100 BCE: The Enuma Elish creation myth written down.
1000 BCE: Height of Tyre's power.
900 BCE - 590 BCE: The Urartu civilization flourishes in ancient Armenia, eastern Turkey and western Iran.
814 BCE: Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Carthage by Tyre.
800 BCE: The oracle of Zeus is established at Dodona.
800 BCE: The site of Delphi first acquires a religious significance.
776 BCE: First athletic games in honour of Zeus are held at Olympia with one event, the stadion foot race.
700 BCE - 600 BCE: Temples are built in honour of Apollo, Demeter and Dionysos on the island of Naxos.
700 BCE: Indian scholars codify and reinterpret Aryan beliefs to create the Upanishads texts forming the basis of Hinduism.
700 BCE: Greek poet Hesiod writes his Theogony and Works and Days.
700 BCE: The temple of Apollo is built on the island of Delos.
700 BCE: Development of the Charvaka school of philosophy in India.
700 BCE: The site of Sounion first acquires a religious significance.
700 BCE - 379 CE: The Letoon sanctuary dedicated to Leto is active at Xanthos in Lycia.
650 BCE: The first temple in honour of Apollo is built at Delphi.
650 BCE - 600 BCE: Heraion, temple dedicated to Hera built at Olympia.
630 BCE - 560 BCE: The Tomb of the Bronze Fans is in use at the Etruscan site of Populonia.
600 BCE: The Eleusinian Mysteries become part of the official Athenian religious calendar.
600 BCE - 550 BCE: The Dionysia becomes a major Athenian festival in honour of Dionysos.
599 BCE - 527 BCE: Traditional dating of the life of Vardhamana, according to Jain tradition.
573 BCE: First athletic games at Nemea in honour of Zeus.
566 BCE - 486 BCE: The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to the Corrected long chronology.
563 BCE: Siddhartha Gautama is born in Lumbini (present day Nepal).
550 BCE - 330 BCE: Zoroastrianism adopted by the Achaemenid Empire.
550 BCE: The temple of Apollo is constructed at Corinth.
540 BCE: Athens removes and prohibits further burials on Delos to purify the sacred island.
510 BCE: The second temple to Apollo is constructed at Delphi, replacing the first temple destroyed by fire.
500 BCE: Beginning of the Roman Saturnalia festival according to Livy (although there is evidence it was a much older tradition).
500 BCE: Asclepius becomes principal god of worship at Epidaurus.
490 BCE - 410 BCE: The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to modern scholar consensus.
480 BCE: Persians destroy the sanctuary at Sounion.
460 BCE: The bronze Poseidon or Zeus statue (of Cape Artemesium) is sculpted.
460 BCE - 457 BCE: Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Phidias.
449 BCE: The Hephaisteion, temple to Athena & Hephaistos, built in Athens.
447 BCE - 432 BCE: The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Phidias.
444 BCE - 440 BCE: Temple of Poseidon at Sounion re-built.
438 BCE: The cult statue of Athena Parthenos is dedicated in the Parthenon of Athens.
430 BCE: The cult statue of Zeus by Phidias is dedicated in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
430 BCE - 420 BCE: Sanctuary of Aphrodite constructed at Argos.
425 BCE - 420 BCE: The Temple dedicated to Athena Nike is constructed on the acropolis of Athens.
421 BCE - 406 BCE: The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch.
380 BCE - 375 BCE: Temple to Asclepius constructed at Epidaurus.
330 BCE: Temple of Zeus built at Nemea.
330 BCE: The third temple to Apollo is constructed at Delphi, replacing the earlier temple damaged by earthquake.
320 BCE: Temple dedicated to Aphrodite constructed at Epidaurus.
295 BCE: The first temple to Venus is dedicated on Rome's Aventine Hill.
292 BCE - 280 BCE: The Colossus of Rhodes, a representation of Helios, is built in Rhodes town harbour, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
292 BCE: The Romans adopt the Greek god of medicine Asclepius by stealing his sacred snake from Epidaurus and setting up a temple on the Tiber Island.
263 BCE: A shrine is dedicated to Minerva on the Aventine in Rome.
247 BCE - 224 CE: Zoroastrianism continued by the Parthian Empire.
225 BCE - 150 BCE: The Temple of Hercules is built at Ostia.
186 BCE: The Roman Senate bans the Cult of Bacchus.
146 BCE: End of the Third Punic War. Carthage is destroyed and its lands become the Roman province Africa.
146 BCE: First Roman all-marble building is constructed, the temple of Jupiter Stater in Rome.
6 BCE - 30 CE: Life of Jesus Christ.
1 CE - 100 CE: Mithraism spreads in the Roman empire.
1 CE - 100 CE: The Mahayana movement begins in India with its belief in bodhisattva - saintly souls who helped the living.
14 CE: The Temple of Rome and Augustus is built at Ostia.
42 CE - 62 CE: St. Paul goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
64 CE: Unofficial persecution of Christians in Rome.
65 CE - 100 CE: The tales of the life and work of Jesus (gospels) composed.
66 CE - 73 CE: The Jewish Revolt against Rome.
75 CE - 450 CE: Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
110 CE: First documented martydom in the Colosseum of Rome, that of St. Ignatius of Antioch.
125 CE: The Pantheon is completed in Rome.
132 CE: Septuagint (Greek translation of the Bible) composed at Alexandria.
224 CE - 651 CE: Sassanian Empire adopts satrapy system and founds its principles on religion of Zoroastrianism/Zorvanism.
224 CE - 651 CE: The religious "heresy" of Zorvanism, first suggested under the Achaemenid Empire, is fully developed during the Sassanian Period.
224 CE - 240 CE: Reign of Ardashir I, who reformed the Persia by centralizing power, making Zoroastrianism state religion, and rivalling Rome.
224 CE - 651 CE: Sassanian Empire adopts Persian model of government but bases it on religion of Zoroastrianism.
224 CE - 651 CE: Zoroastrianism made state religion under the Sassanian Empire.
224 CE: Zoroastrianism becomes Persian state religion under the Sasanian dynasty.
224 CE - 651 CE: Zoroastrian texts written during the Sassanian Period, preserving the oral tradition of the religion, including the concept of the Chinvat Bridge.
224 CE - 651 CE: Avesta is committed to writing under the Sassanian Empire who make Zoroastrianism the state religion.
284 CE - 305 CE: Reign of Roman Emperor Diocletian.
300 CE - 400 CE: Rise of Christianity in Egypt replaces Heka and old religion with new model of belief.
306 CE - 337 CE: Reign of Roman Emperor Constantine I.
313 CE: The Edict of Milan enacted by Constantine I.
313 CE: Roman emperor Constantine I tolerates Christianity.
314 CE: Armenia adopts Christianity as the state religion.
325 CE: Roman Emperor Constantine I calls the Council of Nicaea.
372 CE: A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
379 CE: Theodosius I orders the closure of all Greek pagan sites.
384 CE: Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
391 CE: Christianity becomes official religion of Empire.
393 CE: Roman Emperor Theodosius definitively ends all pagan Games in Greece.
415 CE: Cult of Amun proscribed by the new religion of Christianity.
426 CE: Emperor Theodosios II orders the destruction of Olympia.
500 CE - 600 CE: In India the Tantric expands the number of deities to include helpful demons, contactable through ritual.
503 CE: Clovis converts to Christianity.
570 CE: Muhammad is born in Mecca.
608 CE: The Pantheon in Rome is converted into a Christian church.
610 CE: Muhammad receives his first revelation on Mount Hira.
622 CE: Muhammad undertakes the Hegira (Hijra), the migration from Mecca to Medina, establishing the start of the Islamic calendar.
624 CE: Battle of Badr: Muhammad's forces win, resulting in a turning point for Islam against the ruling Quraysh tribe.
625 CE: Battle of Uhud: Quraysh tribe defeats the Muslims.
627 CE: Siege of Bani Qurayzah: Muslims capture the Jewish stronghold.
627 CE: Battle of the Trench: Quraysh troops attempt to siege Medina (then called Yathrib), but lose to the Muslim force.
628 CE: Conquest of Khaybar oasis: Jews barricade themselves in a fort at Khaybar oasis and are allowed to remain living there if they pay the Muslims one third of their produce.
628 CE: Treaty of Hudaybiyyah: A peace agreement is signed between Muhammad's Muslims and the people of Mecca.
629 CE: First Pilgrimage ("lesser" pilgrimage or "umrah") made by Muhammad and his Muslims to Mecca after migrating to Medina.
629 CE: Battle of Mu'tah: Muslims attempt to capture the village east of the Jordan River from the Byzantine Empire to show their expanding dominance, resulting in a Muslim defeat.
630 CE: Attempted Siege of Ta'if: Muhammad's forces are initially unable to siege Ta'if and convert its people to Islam.
630 CE: Non-violent conquest of Mecca: The Quraysh realize that the Muslims now greatly outnumber them and allow the Muslims to capture their city, Mecca, and rule it as they please.
630 CE: Battle of Hunayn: Ending in a decisive victory for the Muslims over the Bedouin tribe of Hawazin.
632 CE: "Farewell Hajj Pilgrimage": This is the only Hajj pilgrimage in which Muhammad participates.
632 CE: Muhammad dies in Medina, not clearly naming a successor to lead the Muslim people.
632 CE - 634 CE: Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph (successor to Muhammad) of the Rashidun Caliphate.
634 CE - 644 CE: 'Umar ibn al-Khattab succeeds Abu Bakr, becoming the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
644 CE - 656 CE: 'Uthman ibn 'Affan succeeds 'Umar to become the third caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
650 CE: Realizing several variations in Qur'ans throughout the Islamic Empire, 'Uthman orders the establishment of one "true" Qur'an while destroying the others. Thus, the 'Uthman Qur'an Codex was created and is still the acceptable Qur'an used to this day.
651 CE: Muslim Arab conquest of Persia; Zoroastrianism is suppressed and forcible conversion efforts instituted.
651 CE: Persian religion of Zoroastrianism/Zorvanism suppressed after the Muslim Arab Conquest.
656 CE - 661 CE: 'Ali ibn Abi Talib succeeds 'Uthman to become the fourth and final caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
670 CE: Hasan ibn 'Ali, Shi'a Islam's second imam (his father, 'Ali, being the first imam), is poisoned to death
710 CE: Date favoured by historians for the founding of the Kasuga Taisha Shinto shrine at Nara, Japan.
712 CE - 756 CE: Taoism becomes official religion of China under the Emperor Xuanzong.
712 CE: The Kojiki is written, a collection of oral myths forming the basis of the Shinto religion.
720 CE: The Nihon Shoki is written, a collection of oral myths forming the basis of the Shinto religion.
794 CE: Emperor Kammu moves the Japanese capital to Heiankyo (Kyoto).
807 CE: Imibe-no-Hironari writes the Kogoshui, a collection of oral myths forming the basis of the Shinto religion.
1122 CE: Construction begins of the Hindu temple at Angkor Wat.
1164 CE: The Buddhist Sanjusangendo temple is founded at Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan.
1313 CE - 1341 CE: Uzbeg rules the Golden Horde and makes Islam the state religion.
1345 CE - 1521 CE: The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1351 CE: New Fire Ceremony celebrated by the Aztecs.
1403 CE: New Fire Ceremony celebrated by the Aztecs.
1425 CE - 1532 CE: The Inca Empire flourishes in South America.
1455 CE: New Fire Ceremony celebrated by the Aztecs.
1471 CE - 1493 CE: The sacred site of Pachacamac is taken over by the Incas.
1487 CE: The Templo Mayor is completed at Tenochtitlan and inaugurated with the sacrifice of 20,000 captives.
1493 CE - 1526 CE: Huayna Capac reigns as Inca leader and constructs fortresses, religious temples and roads throughout the empire.
1507 CE: New Fire Ceremony celebrated by the Aztecs.
1533 CE: Pizarro takes the Inca capital of Cuzco.