Italy Timeline

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Legend:

1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE 800 CE  
 
1100 BCE - 900 BCE: Proto-Villanovan culture in central Italy.
 
900 BCE - 750 BCE: Villanovan culture in central Italy.
 
 
850 BCE - 300 BCE: The Etruscan town of Vetulonia flourishes in western central Italy.
 
800 BCE: Beginning of the Etruscan civilization in Italy.
 
 
753 BCE: The legendary founding date of Rome.
 
750 BCE - 510 BCE: The (semi-mythological) seven kings of Rome: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tulus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus.
 
750 BCE - 150 BCE: The Etruscan town of Chiusi flourishes in central Italy.
 
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
 
 
600 BCE: Paestum is founded by colonists from Sybaris.
 
 
580 BCE: Tomb of Etruscan King Lars Porsena labyrinth constructed in Italy.
 
 
560 BCE - 520 BCE: Chalkidian black-figure pottery is produced in southern Italy.
 
 
509 BCE: Foundation of the Roman Republic.
 
 
498 BCE - 493 BCE: Rome defeats the Latins.
 
 
440 BCE: Brundisium and Thurii form an alliance in southern Italy.
 
410 BCE: Paestum is attacked and conquered by the Lucanians.
 
400 BCE: Celts enter Italy and settle in the Po Valley.
 
 
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
 
 
396 BCE: Roman expansion begins with the capture of Veii from the Etruscans.
 
391 BCE: Senones besiege Clusium, an Etruscan city.
 
 
380 BCE: Celtic groups, possibly from northern Italy and the eastern Alps, begin to raid Illyrian territories.
 
343 BCE - 341 BCE: First Samnite War (Rome vs. Samnites).
 
340 BCE - 338 BCE: Latin War, victory for Rome.
 
326 BCE - 304 BCE: Second Samnite War.
 
 
300 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse campaigns in Italy and captures Bruttium.
 
 
295 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse captures Croton in southern Italy.
 
 
285 BCE - 282 BCE: Rome defeats the Celts in Italy. Rome's dominance in central Italy is secured.
 
 
280 BCE - 275 BCE: King Pyrrhus of Epirus wages the Pyrrhic War against the Romans in Italy, defence of Tarentum being the pretext.
 
 
280 BCE - 272 BCE: Roman war against Tarentum. Rome conquers Tarentum. Rome’s dominance in lower Italy is secured.
 
 
247 BCE: Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.
 
 
244 BCE: The Romans form a colony at Brundisium in southern Italy.
 
223 BCE: Romans successfully campaign against Celtic tribes of Cisalpine Gaul.
 
218 BCE: Hannibal leaves Spain to cross the Pyrenees and Alps into Italy.
 
217 BCE - 218 BCE: 30,000 Celtic infantry and 4,000 Celtic cavalry join Hannibal. Celts constitute just over 50% of his army in Italy.
 
208 BCE: Hasdrubal defeated by Scipio Africanus at Baecula; leaves Spain to join Hannibal in Italy.
 
 
208 BCE: Roman commander Marcus Claudius Marcellus is killed in an ambush in Venusia, southern Italy.
 
207 BCE: Hasdrubal Barca is killed at the Battle of the Metaurus in Italy.
 
207 BCE: Hannibal, harassed by Roman forces, is reduced to controlling only Bruttium in southern Italy.
 
203 BCE: Hannibal is recalled from Italy to defend Carthage against Scipio Africanus.
 
200 BCE: Rome now dominates the production of coinage in Italy.
 
 
177 BCE: The Roman colony of Luna founded in northern Italy, as a millitary stronghold.
 
 
89 BCE: All poleis or city-states in Magna Graecia come under Roman control.
 
 
73 BCE - 71 BCE: Gladiator Spartacus leads a slave revolt in southern Italy and wins several victories against the Roman army.
 
 
71 BCE: Marcus Licinius Crassus crushes the Spartacus slave revolt in southern Italy.
 
62 BCE: Pompey returns to Italy, and disbands his army upon landing.
 
 
49 BCE: Julius Caesar captures Brundisium in southern Italy.
 
 
40 BCE: Mark Antony attacks Brundisium in southern Italy.
 
 
79 CE: Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in southern Italy burying the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum in volcanic ash.
 
167 CE: Marcomanni sack Aquileia.
 
 
259 CE: The Alemanni invade Italy.
 
402 CE: Alaric invades Italy.
 
 
452 CE: Attila's invasion of Italy.
 
452 CE: Huns invade Italy.
 
 
476 CE: Odoacer defeats Orestes for control of the armies of Italy.
 
 
476 CE: The Battle of Ravenna, at which Odoacer's forces defeat those of Rome. Emperor Romulus Augustulus is deposed. Odoacer becomes king of Italy.
 
 
476 CE - 493 CE: Reign of Odoacer as King of Italy.
 
 
476 CE - 493 CE: Reign of Germanic king Odoacer in Italy, Visigoths given land.
 
 
488 CE - 493 CE: Theodoric the Great of the Ostrogoths conquers Italy.
 
 
488 CE: Theodoric invades Odoacer's Kingdom of Italy.
 
 
488 CE - 493 CE: Theodoric the Goth's invasion of Italy and battles with Odoacer.
 
488 CE - 493 CE: Theodoric the Great conquers Italy from Odoacer.
 
 
493 CE - 526 CE: Reign of Theodoric the Great as King of Italy.
 
 
493 CE: Odoacer is assassinated by Theodoric; Theodoric now becomes King of Italy.
 
 
493 CE: Theodoric assassinates Odoacer and becomes King of Italy.
 
 
493 CE - 526 CE: Reign of Theodoric the Great, the Ostrogothic king, in Italy.
 
 
497 CE: Byzantine emperor Anastasios I recognises Theodoric as the King of Italy.
 
 
535 CE - 554 CE: The Gothic War launched by Emperor Justinian I, aimed at reconquering Italy from the Goths.
 
535 CE: Belisarius' first campaign against the Ostrogoths in Italy.
 
 
536 CE - 562 CE: The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy.
 
540 CE: The Byzantine mosaics of the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy are created.
 
545 CE: Belisarius' second campaign against the Ostrogoths in Italy.
 
 
555 CE: The last of the Gothic Resistance surrenders; the Eastern Empire reclaims Italy.
 
 
568 CE: Alboin leads the Lombards from Pannonia to Italy and conquers the region.
 
568 CE: Lombards leave Pannonia for Italy; Bayan begins building his empire.
 
 
568 CE - 572 CE: Alboin conquers Italy and establishes the Kingdom of the Lombards.
 
 
568 CE: Alboin leads the Lombards from Pannonia to Italy.
 
 
568 CE - 582 CE: Lombards invade northern Italy.
 
600 CE: Codex Argentus manuscript created in Italy.
 
 
612 CE - 614 CE: Saint Columbanus founds Bobbio Abbey in Italy.
 
744 CE - 774 CE: Decline of the Kingdom of the Lombards in Italy under ineffective rulers.
 
750 CE - 200 CE: The Etruscan city of Populonia flourishes in north-west Italy.
 
 
839 CE: The Byzantine empire loses Taranto in southern Italy to the western Arabs.
 
859 CE: A Viking fleet sailed from its base on the Loire river in France to Spain and, according to the tales, North Africa and areas of Italy and south-eastern France. .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1100 BCE 900 BCE 700 BCE 500 BCE 300 BCE 100 BCE 100 CE 300 CE 500 CE 700 CE

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