Greece Timeline

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6,000 BCE 5,500 BCE 5,000 BCE 4,500 BCE 4,000 BCE 3,500 BCE 3,000 BCE 2,500 BCE 2,000 BCE 1,500 BCE 1,000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
6,000 BCE - 2,900 BCE: Neolithic Age settlements in Greece, beginning of agriculture. .
3,200 BCE - 1,100 BCE: The Cycladic Civilization in Greece.
2,300 BCE: Bronze is used in the Aegean.
2,200 BCE - 1,500 BCE: The Minoan Civilization flourishes on Crete, Greece. King Minos establishes the first navy in the region.
2,000 BCE: Early Greeks settle the Peloponnese.
2,000 BCE - 1,450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
1,900 BCE - 1,100 BCE: Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
1,650 BCE - 1,550 BCE: Eruption of Thera and consequent tidal waves, destruction of Akrotiri and other Aegean centres.
1,400 BCE - 1,100 BCE: Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
1,100 BCE: Greeks implement use of individual tombs and graves.
1,100 BCE: Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
1,000 BCE: The first distinctive Greek pottery is produced, the Proto-geometric style.
1,000 BCE - 338 BCE: Ancient Greek civilization in Greece and the Mediterranean.
900 BCE: The Geometric style of Greek pottery is first produced.
900 BCE: Sparta is founded.
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Archaic period of Greece.
800 BCE - 700 BCE: Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
700 BCE: Settlers from mainland Greece, possibly Samos, settle on Samothrace.
700 BCE: Sparta, Argos and Paros hold the first documented musical competitions in Greece.
700 BCE: The study of music theory begins in ancient Greece.
683 BCE - 682 BCE: List of annual archons at Athens begins.
660 BCE: Pheidon is tyrant in Argos.
657 BCE - 585 BCE: The Kypselidai are tyrants of Corinth.
650 BCE: Earliest large scale Greek marble sculpture.
650 BCE - 600 BCE: Age of law-givers in Greece.
650 BCE: Sparta crushes Messenian revolt.
625 BCE: Black-figure pottery created in Corinth.
625 BCE - 600 BCE: The orientalizing style of Greek pottery becomes popular in Corinth.
620 BCE - 600 BCE: Proto-corinthian reaches its zenith in artistic quality producing the best pottery in Greece.
594 BCE - 593 BCE: In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
560 BCE: Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.
550 BCE - 366 BCE: Peloponnesian League alliance between Sparta, Corinth, Elis and Tegea which establishes Spartan hegemony over the Peloponnese.
546 BCE - 545 BCE: Persian conquest of Ionian Greek city-states.
539 BCE: Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.
535 BCE - 522 BCE: Polycrates rules as tyrant of Samos.
530 BCE: Red-figure pottery style takes precedent over black-figure.
530 BCE: The Andokides Painter invents red-figure pottery.
525 BCE - 456 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.
521 BCE: Darius I (Darius the Great) succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Cambyses.
514 BCE: Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.
514 BCE: The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton - the 'tyrannicides'.
510 BCE - 370 BCE: Greeks fighting Amazons becomes a popular subject of architectural sculpture across Greece.
508 BCE: Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
499 BCE - 494 BCE: Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
498 BCE: Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
496 BCE - 406 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles.
495 BCE: Birth of Pericles.
492 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Greece.
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
487 BCE - 486 BCE: Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.
486 BCE - 465 BCE: Xerxes I rules Egypt, uses country as resource for invasion of Greece.
486 BCE: Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
484 BCE - 407 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.
483 BCE: Themistocles persuades the Athenians to significantly expand their fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
480 BCE - 323 BCE: The Classical Period in Greece.
480 BCE: Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet led by Themistocles defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
480 BCE: Xerxes I makes extensive preparations to invade mainland Greece by building depots, canals and a boat bridge across the Hellespont.
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
480 BCE: Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
479 BCE - 432 CE: The period of Thucydides' Pentecontaetia in ancient Greece.
478 BCE: Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
478 BCE - 404 BCE: The Delian League in Greece, led by Athens.
469 BCE - 399 BCE: Life of Socrates.
462 BCE - 458 BCE: Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.
460 BCE - 370 BCE: Traditional dates for the life of Hippocrates in Greece, the "father of medicine" and inventor of the Hippocratic Oath for physicians.
460 BCE - 445 BCE: First Peloponnesian War.
460 BCE - 320 CE: Period of full and direct citizen democracy in Athens.
460 BCE - 454 BCE: Egyptian revolt of Inaros I with assistance from Greece.
460 BCE - 380 BCE: Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.
457 BCE: Hegemony of Athens over central Greece.
451 BCE: Thirty years peace between Argos and Sparta.
451 BCE - 403 CE: Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.
450 BCE: Parapegma star calendar invented in Greece by Meton and Euctemon.
449 BCE - 448 BCE: Peace between Greece and Persia.
448 BCE: The Peace of Callias with Persia.
448 BCE: Ionian cities become independent from Persia.
447 BCE - 432 BCE: The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Phidias.
446 BCE - 445 BCE: Thirty years peace between Athens and Peloponnesians.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
427 BCE - 347 BCE: Life of Plato.
427 BCE: Plato is born at Athens, Greece.
421 BCE: Peace of Nicias, a truce between the Delian and Peloponnesian Leagues.
420 BCE: Democritos develops an atomic theory of matter.
415 BCE: The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
412 BCE: Sparta allies with Persia.
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
403 BCE: Plato turns away from politics toward philosophy.
400 BCE: Pepper is known in Greece.
400 BCE - 330 BCE: The Late Classical Period in Greece.
399 BCE: Trial and death of the philosopher Socrates, who taught in the court of the Agora.
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
395 BCE - 386 BCE: The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
384 BCE - 322 CE: Life of Athenian statesman Demosthenes.
384 BCE - 322 BCE: Life of Aristotle.
384 BCE: Birth of the philosopher Aristotle, tutor to Alexander the Great, in Stagira (Greece).
380 BCE: Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
371 BCE: Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuctra.
371 BCE - 362 BCE: Thebes is the dominant city-state in Greece.
367 BCE - 529 CE: Worship of the goddess Isis spreads outside Egypt's borders to Greece and Rome.
359 BCE - 336 BCE: Reign of Philip II of Macedon.
356 BCE - 323 BCE: Life of Alexander the Great.
356 BCE: Third Social War in Greece.
352 BCE: Battle of Crocus Field in Greece.
350 BCE: The Scythians have absorbed a lot of Greek culture, Scythian artefacts show Greek-style depictions.
347 BCE: Plato dies at his Academy.
343 BCE: Aristotle becomes tutor of young Alexander.
336 BCE - 323 BCE: Reign of Alexander the Great.
334 BCE: Alexander invades the Persian empire.
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: Hellenistic civilization in Greece, the Mediterranean and Asia.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: The Hellenistic Age.Greek thought and culture infuses with indigenous people.
320 BCE: Last recorded examples of Attic Red-Figure Pottery.
310 BCE: Assassination of Roxanne and Alexander IV, wife and son of Alexander the Great.
295 BCE: Demetrius I campaigns in central Greece, removes the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeats Sparta.
280 BCE: Founding of the Achaean League in the Peloponnese of Greece.
270 BCE: Aristarchus of Samos proposes a heliocentric world view.
251 BCE: Sicyon joins the Achaean League in Greece.
168 BCE: Rome defeats Macedon at Battle of Pydna.
146 BCE: Roman influence over Greece begins to rise.
146 BCE: Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
140 BCE: Venus of Milo is completed.
88 BCE - 63 BCE: Mithridates of Pontus fights three wars to free Greece from Rome.
86 BCE: The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens and the port of Piraeus.
42 BCE: Octavian and Antony defeat Republicans under Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi (Greece).
31 BCE: Marc Antony and Cleopatra move to Greece, where they are isolated by Octavian's admiral Agrippa; although they are able to win a tactical victory and break out of their isolated position at Actium, the campaign is a distaster and Octavian is able to achieve control of the east.
31 BCE: Greece absorbed into Roman Empire.
31 BCE: Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra at the sea battle of Actium (Greece). Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide.
27 BCE - 14 CE: Nabu recognized in Greece and Rome during the reign of Augustus Caesar.
42 CE - 62 CE: St. Paul goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
121 CE - 125 CE: First trip of Hadrian around the Empire: Gaul, Germany, Noricum, Britain, Tarraconis, Cappadocia, Gallatia, Bythinia, Asia, Greece, Mesia, Dacia and Pannonia.
128 CE - 134 CE: Hadrian travels to Greece, Anatolia, Syria, Judea, Arabia, Egypt and goes back via Greece.
155 CE: Pausanias begins writing his Description of Greece around this time.
257 CE - 263 CE: The Goths raid Greece.
267 CE: The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
379 CE - 380 CE: Fritigern leads raids through Balkans down to Greece.
393 CE: Roman Emperor Theodosius definitively ends all pagan Games in Greece.
580 CE: The Slavs and the Avars overwhelm Greece, Thrace and Thessaly.
6,000 BCE 5,000 BCE 4,000 BCE 3,000 BCE 2,000 BCE 1,000 BCE 0 CE

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