Greece Timeline

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6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
6000 BCE - 2900 BCE: Neolithic Age settlements in Greece, beginning of agriculture.
3200 BCE - 1100 BCE: The Cycladic Civilization in Greece.
3000 BCE: First evidence of habitation at Thebes.
2300 BCE: Bronze is used in the Aegean.
2200 BCE - 1500 BCE: The Minoan Civilization flourishes on Crete, Greece. King Minos establishes the first navy in the region.
2000 BCE: First shaft graves at Thebes.
2000 BCE - 1450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
2000 BCE: Early Greeks settle the Peloponnese.
1900 BCE - 1100 BCE: Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: Eruption of Thera and consequent tidal waves, destruction of Akrotiri and other Aegean centres.
1500 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean Thebes at its peak of prosperity and influence.
1400 BCE - 1100 BCE: Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
1250 BCE - 1200 BCE: Mycenaean chamber tombs constructed at Thebes.
1100 BCE: Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
1100 BCE: Greeks implement use of individual tombs and graves.
1000 BCE - 338 BCE: Ancient Greek civilization in Greece and the Mediterranean.
1000 BCE: The first distinctive Greek pottery is produced, the Proto-geometric style.
900 BCE: The Geometric style of Greek pottery is first produced.
900 BCE: Sparta is founded.
800 BCE - 700 BCE: Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Archaic period of Greece.
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
700 BCE: Settlers from mainland Greece, possibly Samos, settle on Samothrace.
700 BCE: The study of music theory begins in ancient Greece.
700 BCE: Sparta, Argos and Paros hold the first documented musical competitions in Greece.
683 BCE - 682 BCE: List of annual archons at Athens begins.
660 BCE: Pheidon is tyrant in Argos.
657 BCE - 585 BCE: The Kypselidai are tyrants of Corinth.
650 BCE: Sparta crushes Messenian revolt.
650 BCE: Earliest large scale Greek marble sculpture.
650 BCE - 600 BCE: Age of law-givers in Greece.
625 BCE - 600 BCE: The orientalizing style of Greek pottery becomes popular in Corinth.
625 BCE: Black-figure pottery created in Corinth.
620 BCE - 600 BCE: Proto-corinthian reaches its zenith in artistic quality producing the best pottery in Greece.
594 BCE - 593 BCE: In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
560 BCE: Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
550 BCE - 366 BCE: Peloponnesian League alliance between Sparta, Corinth, Elis and Tegea which establishes Spartan hegemony over the Peloponnese.
546 BCE - 545 BCE: Persian conquest of Ionian Greek city-states.
539 BCE: Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.
535 BCE - 522 BCE: Polycrates rules as tyrant of Samos.
530 BCE: The Andokides Painter invents red-figure pottery.
530 BCE: Red-figure pottery style takes precedent over black-figure.
525 BCE - 456 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.
522 BCE: Darius I (Darius the Great) succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Cambyses II.
514 BCE: The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton - the 'tyrannicides'.
514 BCE: Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.
510 BCE - 370 BCE: Greeks fighting Amazons becomes a popular subject of architectural sculpture across Greece.
508 BCE: Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
499 BCE - 494 BCE: Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
498 BCE: Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
495 BCE: Birth of Pericles.
492 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Greece.
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
487 BCE - 486 BCE: Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.
486 BCE - 465 BCE: The Immortals serve under the reign of Xerxes I of Persia; notably in his 480 BCE invasion of Greece.
486 BCE: Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
486 BCE - 465 BCE: Xerxes I rules Egypt, uses country as resource for invasion of Greece.
484 BCE - 407 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.
483 BCE: Themistocles persuades the Athenians to significantly expand their fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet led by Themistocles defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
480 BCE: Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
480 BCE: Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
480 BCE - 323 BCE: The Classical Period in Greece.
480 BCE: Xerxes I makes extensive preparations to invade mainland Greece by building depots, canals and a boat bridge across the Hellespont.
479 BCE - 432 CE: The period of Thucydides' Pentecontaetia in ancient Greece.
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
478 BCE: Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
478 BCE - 404 BCE: The Delian League in Greece, led by Athens.
469 BCE - 399 BCE: Life of Socrates.
462 BCE - 458 BCE: Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.
460 BCE - 380 BCE: Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.
460 BCE - 445 BCE: First Peloponnesian War.
460 BCE - 320 CE: Period of full and direct citizen democracy in Athens.
460 BCE - 370 BCE: Traditional dates for the life of Hippocrates in Greece, the "father of medicine" and inventor of the Hippocratic Oath for physicians.
460 BCE - 454 BCE: Egyptian revolt of Inaros I with assistance from Greece.
457 BCE: Hegemony of Athens over central Greece.
451 BCE: Thirty years peace between Argos and Sparta.
451 BCE - 403 CE: Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.
450 BCE: Parapegma star calendar invented in Greece by Meton and Euctemon.
449 BCE: Ionian cities become independent from Persia under the Peace of Callias.
449 BCE: Peace is agreed on by Athens and Persia, sometimes referred to as the Peace of Callias.
449 BCE - 448 BCE: Peace between Greece and Persia.
447 BCE - 432 BCE: The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Phidias.
446 BCE - 445 BCE: Thirty years peace between Athens and Peloponnesians.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
427 BCE - 347 BCE: Life of Plato.
427 BCE: Plato is born at Athens, Greece.
421 BCE: Peace of Nicias, a truce between the Delian and Peloponnesian Leagues.
420 BCE - 362 BCE: Life of Theban general Epaminondas.
420 BCE: Democritos develops an atomic theory of matter.
415 BCE: The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
412 BCE: Sparta allies with Persia.
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
403 BCE: Plato turns away from politics toward philosophy.
400 BCE - 330 BCE: The Late Classical Period in Greece.
400 BCE: Pepper is known in Greece.
399 BCE: Trial and death of the philosopher Socrates, who taught in the court of the Agora.
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
395 BCE - 386 BCE: The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
395 BCE - 387 BCE: Artaxerxes II involves himself in the Corinthian War in Greece.
395 BCE: Spartan general Lysander is killed by Theban forces at the Battle of Hallartos.
394 BCE: Spartan king Agesilaus II defeats a Theban coalition at the battle of Coronea.
386 BCE: Theban general Epaminondas saves the life of Pelopidas at Mantinea.
386 BCE: Artaxerxes II negotiates the King's Peace among the antagonists of the Corinthian War in Greece.
384 BCE: Birth of the philosopher Aristotle, tutor to Alexander the Great, in Stagira (Greece).
384 BCE - 322 BCE: Life of Aristotle.
384 BCE - 322 CE: Life of Athenian statesman Demosthenes.
382 BCE - 379 BCE: Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
380 BCE: Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
379 BCE: Pelopidas removes the Spartan garrison from the Theban acropolis.
379 BCE: Pelopidas is first made Boeotarch at Thebes.
375 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
371 BCE - 362 BCE: Thebes is the dominant city-state in Greece.
371 BCE: Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuctra.
369 BCE: Theban generals Pelopidas and Epaminondas are both charged with exceeding their term of office but are acquitted.
369 BCE: Theban general Epaminondas is tried for treason but the charges are dropped.
368 BCE - 365 BCE: Young Philip II is captured by Pelopidas and held hostage in Thebes.
367 BCE: Theban general Epaminondas rescues fellow general Pelopidas from Alexander of Pherai in Thessaly.
367 BCE: Celtic mercenaries fight with the Spartans against Thebes.
367 BCE - 529 CE: Worship of the goddess Isis spreads outside Egypt's borders to Greece and Rome.
366 BCE: Theban general Epaminondas builds a fleet to harass the Athenian Empire.
364 BCE: Theban general Pelopidas is victorious but killed at the Battle of Kynoskephalai.
362 BCE: Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
359 BCE - 336 BCE: Reign of Philip II of Macedon.
356 BCE - 323 BCE: Life of Alexander the Great.
356 BCE: Third Social War in Greece.
352 BCE: Battle of Crocus Field in Greece.
350 BCE: The Scythians have absorbed a lot of Greek culture, Scythian artefacts show Greek-style depictions.
347 BCE: Plato dies at his Academy.
343 BCE: Aristotle becomes tutor of young Alexander.
338 BCE: Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
336 BCE - 323 BCE: Reign of Alexander the Great.
334 BCE: Alexander invades the Persian empire.
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: Hellenistic civilization in Greece, the Mediterranean and Asia.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: The Hellenistic Age. Greek thought and culture infuses with indigenous people.
320 BCE: Last recorded examples of Attic Red-Figure Pottery.
310 BCE: Assassination of Roxanne and Alexander IV, wife and son of Alexander the Great.
295 BCE: Demetrius I campaigns in central Greece, removes the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeats Sparta.
280 BCE: Founding of the Achaean League in the Peloponnese of Greece.
270 BCE: Aristarchus of Samos proposes a heliocentric world view.
251 BCE: Sicyon joins the Achaean League in Greece.
168 BCE: Rome defeats Macedon at Battle of Pydna.
146 BCE: Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
146 BCE: Roman influence over Greece begins to rise.
140 BCE: Venus of Milo is completed.
88 BCE - 63 BCE: Mithridates of Pontus fights three wars to free Greece from Rome.
86 BCE: The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens and the port of Piraeus.
42 BCE: Octavian and Antony defeat Republicans under Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi (Greece).
31 BCE: Greece absorbed into Roman Empire.
31 BCE: Mark Antony and Cleopatra move to Greece, where they are isolated by Octavian's admiral Agrippa; although they are able to win a tactical victory and break out of their isolated position at Actium, the campaign is a distaster and Octavian is able to achieve control of the east.
27 BCE - 14 CE: Nabu recognized in Greece and Rome during the reign of Augustus Caesar.
42 CE - 62 CE: Paul the Apostle goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
121 CE - 125 CE: First trip of Hadrian around the Empire: Gaul, Germany, Noricum, Britain, Tarraconis, Cappadocia, Gallatia, Bythinia, Asia, Greece, Mesia, Dacia and Pannonia.
128 CE - 134 CE: Hadrian travels to Greece, Anatolia, Syria, Judea, Arabia, Egypt and goes back via Greece.
155 CE: Pausanias begins writing his Description of Greece around this time.
257 CE - 263 CE: The Goths raid Greece.
267 CE: The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
379 CE - 380 CE: Fritigern leads raids through Balkans down to Greece.
393 CE: Roman Emperor Theodosius definitively ends all pagan Games in Greece.
580 CE: The Slavs and the Avars overwhelm Greece, Thrace and Thessaly.
997 CE: Byzantine emperor Basil II reconquers Greece from Samuel the Bulgar.
1081 CE - 1082 CE: The Normans, led by Robert Guiscard, attack Byzantine Greece.
1100 CE: The Jesus Christ mosaic in the dome of the church at Daphni, Greece is made.
1259 CE: Battle of Pelagonia, in which Michael VIII Palaiologos of the Empire of Nicaea defeated the combined forces of Sicily, the Latin Empire, the Latin kingdoms in Greece, and the Despotate of Epiros.
1700 CE - 1100 CE: The Mycenaean civilization dominates Greece.
6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE

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