Gold Timeline

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5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
5000 BCE: Electrum (gold and silver alloy) used by the Egyptians in jewellery.
3000 BCE: Sumer civilization in Mesopotamia use gold in jewellery manufacture.
2550 BCE - 2300 BCE: Troy II - origin of gold 'treasure' found by Schliemann
2500 BCE: Egyptians invent the technique of filigree in the manufacture of gold objects.
1800 BCE: Minoans on Crete use gold in jewellery manufacture.
1550 BCE: Gold death masks (including that of 'Agamemnon') made at Mycenae.
1200 BCE: Chavin civilization in Peru manufactures gold goods.
560 BCE: Croesus of Lydia first manufactures coins of solid gold.
84 BCE: Sulla mints new silver and gold coins to pay his army.
46 BCE: Julius Caesar mints the largest quantity of gold coins ever seen in Rome.
293 CE: Diocletian reforms the Roman coinage system, guaranteeing the gold aurei at 60 to a pound and minting the nummus coin.
312 CE: Constantine I introduces the gold nomisma (solidus) coin.
408 CE: Alaric I the Visigoth besieges Rome. As ransom, Rome pays 5,000 pounds of gold, 30,000 pounds of silver, 4,000 silken tunics, 3,000 hides dyed scarlet, and 3,000 pounds of pepper.
491 CE - 518 CE: Byzantine emperor Anastasios I introduces the copper follis coin (288 are worth one gold nomisma).
963 CE - 969 CE: Byzantine emperor Nikephoros II Phokas introduces the gold tetarteron coin (one-twelfth of a gold nomisma in value).
5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE

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