Gaul Timeline

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  • c. 600 BCE
    Phocaea founds the colony of Massilia.
  • c. 400 BCE - c. 300 BCE
    Founding of Lutetia.
  • 390 BCE
    The Senone Tribe of Gaul sack Rome; Camillus mobilizes forces to defeat them and save the city. Hailed as "Second Romulus". .
  • 390 BCE
    Gauls sack Rome.
  • c. 390 BCE
    "Gallic Catastrophe:" Brennus of the Senones defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome.
  • 334 BCE
    Rome signs a peace treaty with the Senones tribe.
  • 284 BCE
    Gauls of the Insubres and Boii tribes defeat the Romans at Arretium.
  • 283 BCE
    Rome decisively defeats the Senones at Picenum.
  • 279 BCE
    Gauls attack the sanctuary of Delphi.
  • 223 BCE
    Romans successfully campaign against Celtic tribes of Cisalpine Gaul.
  • 222 BCE
    Rome conquers Cisalpine Gaul (modern-day Provence, France).
  • 203 BCE
    Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.
  • 121 BCE
    Gallia Narbonensis becomes a Roman province.
  • 58 BCE
    Caesar attacks the Helvetii while on migration and defeats them.
  • 58 BCE - 51 BCE
  • 58 BCE
    Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
  • 57 BCE
    A Roman army under Caesar narrowly defeats an army of Nervii, Atrebates, and Viromandui.
  • 56 BCE
    The navies of Rome and the Veneti Gauls clash resulting in a Roman victory. This is the first recorded naval battle in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 54 BCE
    Caesar successfully invades Britain but withdraws to Gaul.
  • 54 BCE - 53 BCE
    Ambiorix of the Eburones tribe destroys around 9,000 Roman soldiers at Atuatuca.
  • 53 BCE
    Julius Caesar holds council of Gallic tribes in Lutetia.
  • 52 BCE
    Caesar defeated at Gergovia by Vercingetorix.
  • 52 BCE
    After becoming trapped and besieged at Alesia, Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar.
  • 51 BCE
    Caesar's siege and capture of Uxellodunum ends the Gallic War.
  • 44 BCE
    The Allobroges unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule in southern Gaul.
  • 33 BCE
    The Belgic Morini and the Celts of Aquitania unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule.
  • 121 CE - 125 CE
    First trip of Hadrian around the Empire: Gaul, Germany, Noricum, Britain, Tarraconis, Cappadocia, Gallatia, Bythinia, Asia, Greece, Mesia, Dacia and Pannonia.
  • c. 256 CE
    King Chrocus of the Alemanni invades Gaul and destroys the region.
  • 256 CE
    King Chrocus of the Alemanni invades Gaul and destroys the region until he is defeated at Arles by the Romans.
  • 286 CE
    Naval commander Carausius (Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius) declares himself emperor in Britain and Northern Gaul.
  • 406 CE
    Hun invasions force Vandals cross the Rhine into Gaul.
  • 406 CE - c. 420 CE
    Vandals cross the Rhine and invade Gaul, migrate to Spain.
  • 406 CE - 407 CE
    Vandals invade Gaul.
  • 406 CE
    Vandals, Suevi, and Alans invade Gaul.
  • 451 CE
    Hun invasion of Gaul; Battle of the Cataluanian Plains (Battle of Chalons).
  • 451 CE
    Attila's invasion of Gaul.
  • 486 CE
    Clovis of the Franks defeats the Romans in Gaul. Founding of the Frankish kingdom.
  • 507 CE
    Byzantine emperor Anastasios I sends Childeric, the king of the Franks in Gaul, a fleet to aid his war with the Ostrogoths.

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Legend:

600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE  
 
 
600 BCE: Phocaea founds the colony of Massilia.
 
400 BCE - 300 BCE: Founding of Lutetia.
 
 
390 BCE: The Senone Tribe of Gaul sack Rome; Camillus mobilizes forces to defeat them and save the city. Hailed as "Second Romulus". .
 
390 BCE: Gauls sack Rome.
 
390 BCE: "Gallic Catastrophe:" Brennus of the Senones defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome.
 
 
334 BCE: Rome signs a peace treaty with the Senones tribe.
 
284 BCE: Gauls of the Insubres and Boii tribes defeat the Romans at Arretium.
 
283 BCE: Rome decisively defeats the Senones at Picenum.
 
 
279 BCE: Gauls attack the sanctuary of Delphi.
 
223 BCE: Romans successfully campaign against Celtic tribes of Cisalpine Gaul.
 
 
222 BCE: Rome conquers Cisalpine Gaul (modern-day Provence, France).
 
203 BCE: Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.
 
121 BCE: Gallia Narbonensis becomes a Roman province.
 
 
58 BCE: Caesar attacks the Helvetii while on migration and defeats them.
 
 
58 BCE - 51 BCE: Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul.
 
58 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
 
57 BCE: A Roman army under Caesar narrowly defeats an army of Nervii, Atrebates, and Viromandui.
 
56 BCE: The navies of Rome and the Veneti Gauls clash resulting in a Roman victory. This is the first recorded naval battle in the Atlantic Ocean.
 
54 BCE: Caesar successfully invades Britain but withdraws to Gaul.
 
54 BCE - 53 BCE: Ambiorix of the Eburones tribe destroys around 9,000 Roman soldiers at Atuatuca.
 
53 BCE: Julius Caesar holds council of Gallic tribes in Lutetia.
 
52 BCE: Caesar defeated at Gergovia by Vercingetorix.
 
 
52 BCE: After becoming trapped and besieged at Alesia, Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar.
 
51 BCE: Caesar's siege and capture of Uxellodunum ends the Gallic War.
 
44 BCE: The Allobroges unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule in southern Gaul.
 
33 BCE: The Belgic Morini and the Celts of Aquitania unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule.
 
 
121 CE - 125 CE: First trip of Hadrian around the Empire: Gaul, Germany, Noricum, Britain, Tarraconis, Cappadocia, Gallatia, Bythinia, Asia, Greece, Mesia, Dacia and Pannonia.
 
 
256 CE: King Chrocus of the Alemanni invades Gaul and destroys the region.
 
 
256 CE: King Chrocus of the Alemanni invades Gaul and destroys the region until he is defeated at Arles by the Romans.
 
286 CE: Naval commander Carausius (Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius) declares himself emperor in Britain and Northern Gaul.
 
406 CE: Hun invasions force Vandals cross the Rhine into Gaul.
 
 
406 CE - 420 CE: Vandals cross the Rhine and invade Gaul, migrate to Spain.
 
406 CE - 407 CE: Vandals invade Gaul.
 
 
406 CE: Vandals, Suevi, and Alans invade Gaul.
 
451 CE: Hun invasion of Gaul; Battle of the Cataluanian Plains (Battle of Chalons).
 
 
451 CE: Attila's invasion of Gaul.
 
 
486 CE: Clovis of the Franks defeats the Romans in Gaul. Founding of the Frankish kingdom.
 
 
507 CE: Byzantine emperor Anastasios I sends Childeric, the king of the Franks in Gaul, a fleet to aid his war with the Ostrogoths.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE

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