Europe Timeline

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  • c. 45,000 BCE
    Potential earliest arrival of Homo sapiens in Europe.
  • c. 40,000 BCE - c. 28,000 BCE
    Aurignacian culture of Homo sapiens in Europe.
  • 40,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE
    Venus figurines are produced in Europe.
  • 30,000 BCE - 12,000 BCE
    Cave art culture in Europe.
  • c. 20,000 BCE
    Cave painting flourishes in Spain and France, the most famous being the Cave of Lascaux in France.
  • c. 5,000 BCE
    Cultivation of peas in Europe.
  • 5,000 BCE
    Hierarchical societies emerge in southeast Europe.
  • 4,300 BCE
    First megalithic tombs in Europe.
  • 3,500 BCE
    Farming has spread across Europe.
  • c. 3,300 BCE - c. 1,200 BCE
    The Bronze Age, lasting from c. 3300 BCE- c. 1200 BCE in the Near East and South Asia and c. 600 BCE in Europe.
  • 2,800 BCE - 1,900 BCE
    Bell beaker culture in western Europe.
  • 2,300 BCE
    Bronze is used in the Aegean.
  • 2,000 BCE - 1,500 BCE
    Wessex culture introduces bronze working to Britain.
  • c. 2,000 BCE
    Bronze Age begins in Northern Europe.
  • c. 1,860 BCE
    The beginning of construction of Stonehenge in Britain.
  • 1,500 BCE
    Pastoral farming spreads across Eurasian steppes.
  • c. 1,400 BCE
    The beginning of Celtic culture in the upper Danube region of central Europe.
  • 1,100 BCE
    Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
  • 1,100 BCE
    Hillforts in western Europe.
  • 1,000 BCE
    Iron working in southern Europe.
  • c. 900 BCE
    Celtic Migration begins in Europe with many Celts landing in Scotland.
  • c. 800 BCE - c. 600 BCE
    Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture flourishes across Europe.
  • 750 BCE
    Emergence of Hallstatt Iron Age culture in Europe.
  • 700 BCE
    Iron in wide use across Europe.
  • c. 513 BCE - c. 512 BCE
    Darius I of Persia campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
  • c. 500 BCE - 450 BCE
    Hallstatt kingdoms and chiefdoms suddenly collapse for reasons unclear.
  • 193 BCE
    The Boii are defeated by the Romans, suffering, according to Livy, 14,000 dead.
  • c. 60 BCE
    Boii in eastern Europe crushed by the Dacians.
  • 58 BCE
    Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
  • 300 CE - 700 CE
  • 562 CE
    Goths dispersed throughout Europe.

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45,000 BCE 44,500 BCE 44,000 BCE 43,500 BCE 43,000 BCE 42,500 BCE 42,000 BCE 41,500 BCE 41,000 BCE 40,500 BCE 40,000 BCE 39,500 BCE 39,000 BCE 38,500 BCE 38,000 BCE 37,500 BCE 37,000 BCE 36,500 BCE 36,000 BCE 35,500 BCE 35,000 BCE 34,500 BCE 34,000 BCE 33,500 BCE 33,000 BCE 32,500 BCE 32,000 BCE 31,500 BCE 31,000 BCE 30,500 BCE 30,000 BCE 29,500 BCE 29,000 BCE 28,500 BCE 28,000 BCE 27,500 BCE 27,000 BCE 26,500 BCE 26,000 BCE 25,500 BCE 25,000 BCE 24,500 BCE 24,000 BCE 23,500 BCE 23,000 BCE 22,500 BCE 22,000 BCE 21,500 BCE 21,000 BCE 20,500 BCE 20,000 BCE 19,500 BCE 19,000 BCE 18,500 BCE 18,000 BCE 17,500 BCE 17,000 BCE 16,500 BCE 16,000 BCE 15,500 BCE 15,000 BCE 14,500 BCE 14,000 BCE 13,500 BCE 13,000 BCE 12,500 BCE 12,000 BCE 11,500 BCE 11,000 BCE 10,500 BCE 10,000 BCE 9,500 BCE 9,000 BCE 8,500 BCE 8,000 BCE 7,500 BCE 7,000 BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE 5,500 BCE 5,000 BCE 4,500 BCE 4,000 BCE 3,500 BCE 3,000 BCE 2,500 BCE 2,000 BCE 1,500 BCE 1,000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
 
45,000 BCE: Potential earliest arrival of Homo sapiens in Europe.
 
40,000 BCE - 28,000 BCE: Aurignacian culture of Homo sapiens in Europe.
 
 
40,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE: Venus figurines are produced in Europe.
 
30,000 BCE - 12,000 BCE: Cave art culture in Europe.
 
20,000 BCE: Cave painting flourishes in Spain and France, the most famous being the Cave of Lascaux in France.
 
 
5,000 BCE: Cultivation of peas in Europe.
 
 
5,000 BCE: Hierarchical societies emerge in southeast Europe.
 
 
4,300 BCE: First megalithic tombs in Europe.
 
 
3,500 BCE: Farming has spread across Europe.
 
 
3,300 BCE - 1,200 BCE: The Bronze Age, lasting from c. 3300 BCE- c. 1200 BCE in the Near East and South Asia and c. 600 BCE in Europe.
 
2,800 BCE - 1,900 BCE: Bell beaker culture in western Europe.
 
2,300 BCE: Bronze is used in the Aegean.
 
2,000 BCE - 1,500 BCE: Wessex culture introduces bronze working to Britain.
 
2,000 BCE: Bronze Age begins in Northern Europe.
 
 
1,860 BCE: The beginning of construction of Stonehenge in Britain.
 
1,500 BCE: Pastoral farming spreads across Eurasian steppes.
 
1,400 BCE: The beginning of Celtic culture in the upper Danube region of central Europe.
 
1,100 BCE: Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
 
 
1,100 BCE: Hillforts in western Europe.
 
1,000 BCE: Iron working in southern Europe.
 
900 BCE: Celtic Migration begins in Europe with many Celts landing in Scotland.
 
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture flourishes across Europe.
 
750 BCE: Emergence of Hallstatt Iron Age culture in Europe.
 
700 BCE: Iron in wide use across Europe.
 
513 BCE - 512 BCE: Darius I of Persia campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
 
 
500 BCE - 450 BCE: Hallstatt kingdoms and chiefdoms suddenly collapse for reasons unclear.
 
193 BCE: The Boii are defeated by the Romans, suffering, according to Livy, 14,000 dead.
 
60 BCE: Boii in eastern Europe crushed by the Dacians.
 
58 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
 
300 CE - 700 CE: Migration Age in Europe.
 
 
562 CE: Goths dispersed throughout Europe.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
45,000 BCE 37,000 BCE 29,000 BCE 21,000 BCE 13,000 BCE 5,000 BCE

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