Europe Timeline

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  • c. 45000 BCE
    Potential earliest arrival of Homo sapiens in Europe.
  • c. 40000 BCE - c. 28000 BCE
    Aurignacian culture of Homo sapiens in Europe.
  • 40000 BCE - 10000 BCE
    Venus figurines are produced in Europe.
  • 30000 BCE - 12000 BCE
    Cave art culture in Europe.
  • c. 20000 BCE
    Cave painting flourishes in Spain and France, the most famous being the Cave of Lascaux in France.
  • 5000 BCE
    Hierarchical societies emerge in southeast Europe.
  • c. 5000 BCE
    Cultivation of peas in Europe.
  • 4300 BCE
    First megalithic tombs in Europe.
  • 3500 BCE
    Farming has spread across Europe.
  • c. 3300 BCE - c. 1200 BCE
    The Bronze Age, lasting from c. 3300 BCE- c. 1200 BCE in the Near East and South Asia and c. 600 BCE in Europe.
  • 2800 BCE - 1900 BCE
    Bell beaker culture in western Europe.
  • 2300 BCE
    Bronze is used in the Aegean.
  • 2000 BCE - 1500 BCE
    Wessex culture introduces bronze working to Britain.
  • c. 2000 BCE
    Bronze Age begins in Northern Europe.
  • c. 1860 BCE
    The beginning of construction of Stonehenge in Britain.
  • 1500 BCE
    Pastoral farming spreads across Eurasian steppes.
  • c. 1400 BCE
    The beginning of Celtic culture in the upper Danube region of central Europe.
  • 1100 BCE
    Hillforts in western Europe.
  • 1100 BCE
    Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
  • 1000 BCE
    Iron working in southern Europe.
  • c. 900 BCE
    Celtic Migration begins in Europe with many Celts landing in Scotland.
  • c. 800 BCE - c. 600 BCE
    Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture flourishes across Europe.
  • 750 BCE
    Emergence of Hallstatt Iron Age culture in Europe.
  • 700 BCE
    Iron in wide use across Europe.
  • c. 513 BCE - c. 512 BCE
    Darius I of Persia campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
  • c. 500 BCE - 450 BCE
    Hallstatt kingdoms and chiefdoms suddenly collapse for reasons unclear.
  • 193 BCE
    The Boii are defeated by the Romans, suffering, according to Livy, 14,000 dead.
  • c. 60 BCE
    Boii in eastern Europe crushed by the Dacians.
  • 58 BCE
    Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
  • 300 CE - 700 CE
  • c. 476 CE - 1500 CE
    The Catholic Church holds supreme power in Europe during the Middle Ages.
  • c. 500 CE - c. 1600 CE
  • 562 CE
    Goths dispersed throughout Europe.
  • c. 1050 CE - 1485 CE
    The Grail Legend is developed in Medieval Europe.
  • c. 1050 CE - c. 1250 CE
    Feudalism is the dominant system of land ownership in northern medieval Europe.
  • c. 1100 CE - c. 1400 CE
    Serfdom and manorialism is at its height in medieval Europe.
  • Sep 1148 CE
    Conrad III, one of the leaders of the Second Crusade, returns to Europe.
  • Sep 1189 CE
    A small force of Crusaders is the first army to arrive from Europe at the siege of Acre.
  • 1347 CE - 1352 CE
    The Black Death plague sweeps across Europe.

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45000 BCE 44500 BCE 44000 BCE 43500 BCE 43000 BCE 42500 BCE 42000 BCE 41500 BCE 41000 BCE 40500 BCE 40000 BCE 39500 BCE 39000 BCE 38500 BCE 38000 BCE 37500 BCE 37000 BCE 36500 BCE 36000 BCE 35500 BCE 35000 BCE 34500 BCE 34000 BCE 33500 BCE 33000 BCE 32500 BCE 32000 BCE 31500 BCE 31000 BCE 30500 BCE 30000 BCE 29500 BCE 29000 BCE 28500 BCE 28000 BCE 27500 BCE 27000 BCE 26500 BCE 26000 BCE 25500 BCE 25000 BCE 24500 BCE 24000 BCE 23500 BCE 23000 BCE 22500 BCE 22000 BCE 21500 BCE 21000 BCE 20500 BCE 20000 BCE 19500 BCE 19000 BCE 18500 BCE 18000 BCE 17500 BCE 17000 BCE 16500 BCE 16000 BCE 15500 BCE 15000 BCE 14500 BCE 14000 BCE 13500 BCE 13000 BCE 12500 BCE 12000 BCE 11500 BCE 11000 BCE 10500 BCE 10000 BCE 9500 BCE 9000 BCE 8500 BCE 8000 BCE 7500 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE 1500 CE  
 
 
45000 BCE: Potential earliest arrival of Homo sapiens in Europe.
 
40000 BCE - 28000 BCE: Aurignacian culture of Homo sapiens in Europe.
 
 
40000 BCE - 10000 BCE: Venus figurines are produced in Europe.
 
30000 BCE - 12000 BCE: Cave art culture in Europe.
 
20000 BCE: Cave painting flourishes in Spain and France, the most famous being the Cave of Lascaux in France.
 
 
5000 BCE: Hierarchical societies emerge in southeast Europe.
 
 
5000 BCE: Cultivation of peas in Europe.
 
 
4300 BCE: First megalithic tombs in Europe.
 
 
3500 BCE: Farming has spread across Europe.
 
 
3300 BCE - 1200 BCE: The Bronze Age, lasting from c. 3300 BCE- c. 1200 BCE in the Near East and South Asia and c. 600 BCE in Europe.
 
2800 BCE - 1900 BCE: Bell beaker culture in western Europe.
 
2300 BCE: Bronze is used in the Aegean.
 
2000 BCE - 1500 BCE: Wessex culture introduces bronze working to Britain.
 
2000 BCE: Bronze Age begins in Northern Europe.
 
 
1860 BCE: The beginning of construction of Stonehenge in Britain.
 
1500 BCE: Pastoral farming spreads across Eurasian steppes.
 
1400 BCE: The beginning of Celtic culture in the upper Danube region of central Europe.
 
 
1100 BCE: Hillforts in western Europe.
 
1100 BCE: Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
 
1000 BCE: Iron working in southern Europe.
 
900 BCE: Celtic Migration begins in Europe with many Celts landing in Scotland.
 
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture flourishes across Europe.
 
750 BCE: Emergence of Hallstatt Iron Age culture in Europe.
 
700 BCE: Iron in wide use across Europe.
 
513 BCE - 512 BCE: Darius I of Persia campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
 
 
500 BCE - 450 BCE: Hallstatt kingdoms and chiefdoms suddenly collapse for reasons unclear.
 
193 BCE: The Boii are defeated by the Romans, suffering, according to Livy, 14,000 dead.
 
60 BCE: Boii in eastern Europe crushed by the Dacians.
 
58 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
 
300 CE - 700 CE: Migration Age in Europe.
 
 
476 CE - 1500 CE: The Catholic Church holds supreme power in Europe during the Middle Ages.
 
500 CE - 1600 CE: Illuminated Manuscripts are produced in Europe.
 
 
562 CE: Goths dispersed throughout Europe.
 
1050 CE - 1485 CE: The Grail Legend is developed in Medieval Europe.
 
1050 CE - 1250 CE: Feudalism is the dominant system of land ownership in northern medieval Europe.
 
1100 CE - 1400 CE: Serfdom and manorialism is at its height in medieval Europe.
 
 
1148 CE: Conrad III, one of the leaders of the Second Crusade, returns to Europe.
 
 
1189 CE: A small force of Crusaders is the first army to arrive from Europe at the siege of Acre.
 
1347 CE - 1352 CE: The Black Death plague sweeps across Europe.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
45000 BCE 37000 BCE 29000 BCE 21000 BCE 13000 BCE 5000 BCE

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