Empire Timeline

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2500 BCE 2400 BCE 2300 BCE 2200 BCE 2100 BCE 2000 BCE 1900 BCE 1800 BCE 1700 BCE 1600 BCE 1500 BCE 1400 BCE 1300 BCE 1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE  
2500 BCE: First Dynasty of Lagash under King Eannutum is first empire in Mesopotamia.
2334 BCE - 2218 BCE: The Akkadian Empire rules Sumer.
2334 BCE - 2218 BCE: Ereshkigal referenced in fragments from the period of the Mesopotamian empire of Akkad.
2334 BCE - 2083 BCE: Enlil worshipped during the time of the Akkadian Empire in Mesopotamia.
2334 BCE - 2100 BCE: Region of Jordan part of the Akkadian Empire.
2334 BCE - 2279 BCE: Sargon of Akkad (the Great) reigns over Mesopotamia and thus creates the world's first empire.
2220 BCE - 2150 BCE: The Akkadian Empire dominates Mari with military governors called Shakkanakku serving as rulers.
2193 BCE: Gutian invasion destroys Akkadian empire.
2150 BCE: The Akkadian Empire falls, Mari gains independence.
2083 BCE: Fall of Akkad to the Gutians; the end of Akkadian Empire.
1749 BCE: Hammurabi's son, Samsu-Iluna, takes the throne. Empire begins to fall apart.
1749 BCE: Hammurabi's empire begins to break apart under the rule of his son Samsu-Iluna.
1570 BCE: Ahmose I drives the Hyksos from Egypt and establishes buffer states around borders which become provinces of empire.
1570 BCE - 1069 BCE: Egyptian Literature becomes more cosmopolitan during the age of empire.
1570 BCE - 1069 BCE: Period of the Egyptian Empire during the New Kingdom.
1550 BCE - 1200 BCE: Palestine is absorbed by the Egyptian Empire, flourishes in trade.
1541 BCE - 1520 BCE: Professional army of the empire develops under the reign of Amenhotep I.
1504 BCE - 1492 BCE: Egyptian empire reaches greatest extent under Tuthmosis I.
1500 BCE: Egyptian empire extends to the Euphrates.
1458 BCE - 1425 BCE: Reign of Thutmose III, the Warrior-King, who expands Egypt into an empire.
1458 BCE - 1425 BCE: Thutmose III expands the Egyptian Empire and encourages cultural development.
1400 BCE - 1200 BCE: New Kingdom of the Hittites (the Hittite Empire).
1386 BCE - 1353 BCE: The reign of Amenhotep III during which Egyptian Empire reaches its greatest height.
1380 BCE: First instances of iron working in the Hittite Empire.
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: Reign of Akhenaten whose religious reforms cripple the economy and damage international relations and trade; Egyptian Empire declines under his rule.
1350 BCE - 1250 BCE: The Hittite empire is at its peak.
1344 BCE - 1322 BCE: Reign of King Suppiluliuma I, founder of the Hittite Empire.
1320 BCE - 1295 BCE: Religious traditions and trade agreements restored under the reign of King Horemheb; Egyptian Empire revives.
1318 BCE - 1307 BCE: Period of stagnation for the empire.
1307 BCE: Adad Nirari I comes to the throne and revitalizes the empire. Begins military campaigns.
1307 BCE - 1275 BCE: Adad Nirari I conquers Hittites, Ashur is capital of Assyrian Empire.
1300 BCE - 612 BCE: Assur is recognized as the supreme god of the Assyrians who legitimizes their empire in Mesopotamia and beyond.
1290 BCE - 1279 BCE: Seti I revitalizes Egyptian economy and strengthens the empire.
1279 BCE - 1213 BCE: Reign of Ramesses II (the Great) during which Egyptian Empire flourishes.
1200 BCE: Phrygians invade Anatolia and destroy the Hittite empire.
1200 BCE: Fall of the Hittite Empire.
1186 BCE - 1155 BCE: Reign of Ramesses III during which Egyptian Empire enters period of decline.
1185 BCE - 1150 BCE: Reign of Shutruk Nakhunte who founds Elamite Empire from Susa.
1159 BCE: First recorded worker's strike in history under the reign of Ramesses III because pay was late; first obvious sign of decline of the Egyptian Empire.
1155 BCE - 1077 BCE: The Ramessid Period during which the Egyptian Empire steadily declines and falls. .
1130 BCE - 1129 BCE: Reign of Ramesses VIII in Egypt, empire continues to decline.
1115 BCE - 1076 BCE: Reign of Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria who conquers Phoenicia and revitalizes the empire.
1115 BCE - 612 BCE: Jordan is part of the Assyrian and Neo-Assyrian Empire.
1107 BCE - 1077 BCE: Reign of Ramesses XI during which Egyptian Empire crumbles and falls.
1069 BCE: End of the New Kingdom/Egyptian Empire and beginning of the Third Intermediate Period of Egypt.
912 BCE - 612 BCE: Syria is part of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
912 BCE - 612 BCE: Nisaba listed in pantheon of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
912 BCE - 612 BCE: Nanna worshipped throughout the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
912 BCE - 612 BCE: Utu/Shamash worshiped throughout Neo-Assyrian Empire, represented as solar disc with wings.
879 BCE: Ashurnasirpal II declares Kalhu capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, dedicates temple to Ninurta.
879 BCE - 706 BCE: Kalhu is capital of Assyrian Empire.
879 BCE: Ashurnasirpal II holds 10-day festival inaugurating Kalhu as the new capital of Assyrian Empire.
850 BCE: Long-distance aqueducts including tunnels were constructed in the Assyrian empire.
745 BCE - 743 BCE: Tiglath Pileser III restructures the Assyrian Empire and Military.
745 BCE - 727 BCE: Reign of Tiglath Pileser III who restructures government and military and expands empire.
722 BCE - 705 BCE: Peak of the Assyrian empire under the reign of Sargon II.
722 BCE: Palestine invaded by Assyrian Empire; Kingdom of Israel destroyed and Kingdom of Judah subjugated.
709 BCE - 699 BCE: Cyprus pays tribute to the Assyrian Empire.
706 BCE: Sargon II moves into his new palace at Dur-Sharrukin, city is capital of Assyrian Empire (replacing Kalhu).
681 BCE - 669 BCE: Reign of Esarhaddon who expands the empire.
681 BCE - 669 BCE: Reign of Esarhaddon of Neo-Assyrian Empire, who regularly invokes Ninurta.
673 BCE: Esarhaddon defeats Urartu, secures borders of his empire.
668 BCE - 627 BCE: Reign of Ashurbanipal of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, regularly mentions Ninurta in his inscriptions.
668 BCE: Ashurbanipal succeeds his father as King of the Assyrian Empire.
668 BCE - 627 BCE: Reign of King Ashurbanipal, last king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Palace and Library built at Nineveh.
668 BCE - 627 BCE: Reign of Ashurbanipal, King of Assyria, last king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
647 BCE: Destruction of the Elamite city of Susa by Ashurbanipal of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
634 BCE - 562 BCE: Life of King Nebuchadnezzar II of the Neo-Babylonian Empire.
627 BCE: Revolts break out following the death of Ashurbanipal, empire begins to fail.
612 BCE: Downfall of the Assyrian empire.
612 BCE: Fall of the Assyrian Empire, Nineveh is burned.
612 BCE: Fall of the Assyrian Empire, Kalhu is destroyed by invading coalitions.
612 BCE: Fall of the Neo-Assyrian Empire and destruction of Ninurta's temples.
585 BCE: The Erebuni fortress in ancient Armenia is occupied by the Median Empire.
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
560 BCE - 546 BCE: Cyprus pays tribute to the Egyptian Empire.
553 BCE: Cyrus the Great successfully rebels against the Medes and establishes the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
549 BCE - 300 BCE: The Persian Achaemenid Empire rules Syria.
549 BCE - 330 BCE: Jordan is part of the Achaemenid Empire of the Persians.
547 BCE: Phrygia becomes a Satrapy of the Persian empire.
539 BCE: Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon; the Fertile Crescent is controlled by the Achaemenid Empire (The First Persian Empire).
539 BCE: Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon; Palestine claimed by the Persian Empire. .
522 BCE: The Persian satrapy of Armenia briefly cedes from the Achaemenid Empire but is brought under control by Darius I.
500 BCE - 330 BCE: The Achaemenid Empire rules in Mesopotamia, Persian Royal Road in use.
366 BCE: Theban general Epaminondas builds a fleet to harass the Athenian Empire.
340 BCE - 298 BCE: Life of Indian Emperor Chandragupta, first ruler of the Mauryan Empire.
334 BCE: Alexander the Great conquers the Persian Empire and claims Palestine.
334 BCE: Alexander invades the Persian empire.
330 BCE: Death of Darius III and end of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
330 BCE: Armavir is made the capital of Armenia, a state under control of the Macedonian Empire.
323 BCE: After Alexander the Great's death Cyrene becomes subject of the Ptolemaic Empire.
323 BCE: Upon the death of Alexander the Great, Cyprus becomes part of the Ptolemaic Empire.
321 BCE - 297 BCE: Reign of Chandragupta Maurya, first ruler of the Mauryan Empire.
312 BCE - 63 BCE: Susa is part of the Seleucid Empire.
312 BCE - 83 BCE: Syria under the rule of Seleucid Empire.
300 BCE - 273 BCE: Reign of Bindusara, the second ruler of the Mauryan Empire.
298 BCE - 272 BCE: Chandragupta's son, Bindusara, rules and expands the Maurya Empire.
280 BCE: Lydia becomes a part of the Seleucid Empire.
273 BCE - 236 BCE: Reign of Ashoka, third ruler of the Mauryan Empire.
262 BCE: Eumenes rebels and wins against the Seleucid Antiochos I. Beginning of the Pergamon Empire.
2500 BCE 2100 BCE 1700 BCE 1300 BCE 900 BCE 500 BCE

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