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7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE
7000 BCE: First human settlement of Cyprus.
7000 BCE - 2500 BCE: Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods on Cyprus.
2500 BCE - 1100 BCE: Bronze Age in Cyprus.
1600 BCE - 1200 BCE: Ugarit has close ties with Egypt and Cyprus.
709 BCE - 699 BCE: Cyprus pays tribute to the Assyrian Empire.
560 BCE - 546 BCE: Cyprus pays tribute to the Egyptian Empire.
546 BCE: The Persians occupy Cyprus, being invited by Cypriot leaders.
479 BCE - 478 BCE: Combined Greek operations in the Hellespont and Cyprus.
478 BCE: Spartan general Pausanias is given command of a force and takes both Cyprus and Byzantium.
450 BCE: Athenian general Cimon dies on Cyprus fighting the Persians.
323 BCE: Upon the death of Alexander the Great, Cyprus becomes part of the Ptolemaic Empire.
306 BCE: Demetrius I defeats Ptolemy’s fleet at Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus.
58 BCE - 648 CE: Cyprus is a Roman province.
43 BCE: Cleopatra gains control of Cyprus; she supports the faction of Caesar, led by the Second Triumvirate (Marc Antony, Octavian, Lepidus), in its war against the assassins, led by Brutus and Cassius.
115 CE - 117 CE: Cyprus suffers heavily in the Second Jewish-Roman War.
648 CE - 965 CE: Cyprus is under Arab rule.
649 CE: The Arab Caliphate attacks Byzantine Cyprus.