Ctesiphon Timeline

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Visual Timeline

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

180 BCE 170 BCE 160 BCE 150 BCE 140 BCE 130 BCE 120 BCE 110 BCE 100 BCE 90 BCE 80 BCE 70 BCE 60 BCE 50 BCE 40 BCE 30 BCE 20 BCE 10 BCE 0 CE 10 CE 20 CE 30 CE 40 CE 50 CE 60 CE 70 CE 80 CE 90 CE 100 CE 110 CE 120 CE 130 CE 140 CE 150 CE 160 CE 170 CE 180 CE 190 CE 200 CE 210 CE 220 CE 230 CE 240 CE 250 CE 260 CE 270 CE 280 CE 290 CE 300 CE 310 CE 320 CE 330 CE 340 CE 350 CE 360 CE 370 CE 380 CE 390 CE 400 CE 410 CE 420 CE 430 CE 440 CE 450 CE 460 CE 470 CE 480 CE 490 CE 500 CE 510 CE 520 CE 530 CE 540 CE 550 CE 560 CE 570 CE 580 CE 590 CE 600 CE 610 CE 620 CE 630 CE  
 
171 BCE - 132 BCE: Ctesiphon is founded in the reign of Mithridates I (the Great) of Parthia.
 
 
58 BCE - 57 BCE: Ctesiphon becomes Parthian capital during the reign of Orodes II.
 
 
197 CE: Ctesiphon sacked by Septimus Severus and left in ruin.
 
 
224 CE - 240 CE: Ctesiphon rebuilt during the reign of Ardashir I; becomes capital of Sassanian Empire.
 
 
233 CE: The Battle of Ctesiphon; Sassanian army defeats invading Roman forces.
 
 
262 CE - 266 CE: Odaenathus expels Persian garrisons and restores Syria and Armenia to the Roman Empire. Odaenathus invades Mesopotamia, and inflicts two defeats upon Shapur I, which ends with the sack of Ctesiphon.
 
 
637 CE: Ctesiphon falls to invading Muslim Arab armies; afterwards its materials are used to build Baghdad.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
180 BCE 20 BCE 140 CE 300 CE 460 CE

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