Crete Timeline

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7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
7000 BCE: First habitation on Crete.
 
6000 BCE: First habitation at Malia.
 
3600 BCE - 3000 BCE: First inhabitation of Phaistos.
 
 
3000 BCE: Stone tombs on Crete.
 
2700 BCE: Olive trees are grown and harvested in Crete. Olive oil is exported.
 
 
2600 BCE - 1100 BCE: The Minoan Period on Crete; Labyrinth of Knossos constructed during latter part.
 
2200 BCE: First monumental architecture at Malia.
 
 
2200 BCE - 1500 BCE: The Minoan Civilization flourishes on Crete, Greece. King Minos establishes the first navy in the region.
 
2000 BCE - 1400 BCE: Phaistos' greatest cultural height.
 
 
2000 BCE - 1700 BCE: First Minoan palace at Phaistos.
 
 
2000 BCE: Pottery wheel introduced to Minoan civilization on Crete.
 
 
2000 BCE - 1450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
 
 
2000 BCE: The first examples of the lyre in the Bronze Age Aegean occur in the Cyclades and on Minoan Crete.
 
2000 BCE: Minoan hieroglyphic script is invented.
 
 
1900 BCE: First Minoan palace at Knossos.
 
 
1900 BCE: The first aqueducts were constructed in Mesopotamia and on Minoan Crete
 
1850 BCE - 1550 BCE: Phaistos disk manufactured on Crete.
 
 
1800 BCE: Minoans on Crete use gold in jewellery manufacture.
 
 
1700 BCE - 1400 BCE: The culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by Minoan Crete.
 
1700 BCE: Second Palace of Knossos on Crete.
 
1700 BCE - 1600 BCE: Second palace at Phaistos.
 
1700 BCE: Minoan Linear A script.
 
 
1675 BCE - 1450 BCE: Second Minoan palace at Malia.
 
 
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: Knossos survives Thera eruption.
 
 
1600 BCE: Rhodes has significant contact with Minoan Crete.
 
1600 BCE: Phaistos disk manufactured.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1450 BCE: The 'Harvester Vase' of Minoan origin depicts a sistrum player.
 
 
1450 BCE: Earthquake and fire ends the Minoan period at Malia.
 
 
1450 BCE: Destruction of Minoan palace at Zakros.
 
 
1450 BCE: Mycenaen influence extended to Knossos, Crete.
 
1330 BCE: Abandonment of Zakros settlement.
 
700 BCE - 600 BCE: Brief resurgence in Phaistos settlement.
 
 
689 BCE: Rhodes and Cretans found Gela in Sicily.
 
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
 
470 BCE: Gortyn on Crete begins to mint its own coinage.
 
450 BCE: The Law Code of Gortyn is written.
 
220 BCE: Gortyn allies with Knossos to defeat Lyttos on Crete.
 
 
206 BCE - 204 BCE: Crete is at war with Rhodes.
 
195 BCE: Facing the threat of being handed to the Romans as a result of the opposition to the reforms he initiated in Carthage, Hannibal flees to Crete and then to Tyre, in Seleucid territory. He will become one of the military advisors of king Antiochos III Megas in his war against Rome.
 
189 BCE: Gortyn gives sanctuary to Hannibal.
 
180 BCE: Phaistos conquered by Gortyn.
 
 
155 BCE - 153 BCE: Crete is at war with Rhodes for a second time.
 
 
110 BCE: Rome establishes peace between the warring Cretan cities.
 
 
71 BCE: Rome wages war on the Cretan pirates.
 
 
69 BCE - 67 BCE: Rome wages a second war against the Cretan pirates.
 
38 BCE: Parts of Cilicia and Chalcis are given to Cleopatra; later, she is allowed to govern, as vassal, parts of Phoenicia, Judaea (cordial relations with king Herod), Cyrenaica, and Crete.
 
 
36 BCE: Mark Antony gives Crete as a gift to Cleopatra.
 
 
27 BCE: Augustus makes Gortyn the capital of the Roman province of Crete & Cyrene.
 
60 CE: An early Christian community is established at Gortyn, Crete.
 
81 CE: Trajan serves as quaestor at Gortyn, Crete.
 
365 CE: Gortyn is destroyed by a devastating earthquake.
 
 
654 CE: Byzantine Crete, Kos and Rhodes fall to the Arab Caliphate.
 
670 CE: Gortyn is destroyed by earthquake.
 
 
827 CE: Crete is conquered by the Arabs.
 
 
961 CE: The Byzantine Empire reconquers Crete from the Arabs under Nikephoros Phokas, the future Emperor Nikephoros II.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7000 BCE 6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE

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