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5,000 BCE - 1,500 BCE: The Indus Valley (or Harappan) Civilization.
5,000 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Sumerian civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates valley.
3,300 BCE: Early Harappan Civilization of India practices burial of the dead.
3,200 BCE - 1,100 BCE: The Cycladic Civilization in Greece.
3,000 BCE: Sumer civilization in Mesopotamia use gold in jewellery manufacture.
2,800 BCE: Later Harappan Civilization turns to cremation over burial.
2,200 BCE - 1,500 BCE: The Minoan Civilization flourishes on Crete, Greece. King Minos establishes the first navy in the region.
2,000 BCE: Pottery wheel introduced to Minoan civilization on Crete.
2,000 BCE - 1,450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
1,900 BCE - 1,100 BCE: Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
1,750 BCE: Elamite invasion and Amorite migration ends the Sumerian civilization.
1,500 BCE - 500 CE: The Gandhara Civilization flourishes in what is today the northern portion of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
1,400 BCE: Rhodes has significant contact with the Mycenaean civilization.
1,400 BCE - 1,100 BCE: Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
1,200 BCE - 400 BCE: The Olmec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1,200 BCE: San Lorenzo becomes the great ceremonial centre of the Olmec civilization.
1,200 BCE: Chavin civilization in Peru manufactures gold goods.
1,200 BCE: The Olmec civilization springs from the grouping of ancient villages along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
1,000 BCE - 338 BCE: Ancient Greek civilization in Greece and the Mediterranean.
900 BCE - 200 BCE: The Chavin civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
900 BCE - 800 BCE: Surviving sphinxes from the Assyrian civilization, usually placed as guards outside palaces.
800 BCE: Beginning of the Etruscan civilization in Italy.
500 BCE: San Jose Mogote is the capital of the Zapotec civilization.
500 BCE - 900 CE: The Zapotec Civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
400 BCE - 100 CE: The Pukará civilization flourishes north of Lake Titicaca.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: Hellenistic civilization in Greece, the Mediterranean and Asia.
300 BCE - 400 BCE: La Venta is destroyed, monuments are defaced and the Olmec civilization ends.
200 BCE - 600 CE: The Nazca civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
1 CE - 800 CE: The Moche civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
75 CE - 450 CE: Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
250 CE - 950 CE: The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal, Copan and Uxmal.
450 CE: The adobe brick pyramids Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna are constructed at Moche, capital of the Moche civilization.
450 CE - 1,000 CE: The Wari civilization flourishes and builds an empire across ancient Peru.
550 CE: Moche is abandoned as the capital of the Moche civilization.
600 CE - 1,532 CE: The Wanka civilization flourishes in central Peru.
600 CE: Hokoham Civilization develops.
750 CE - 1,375 CE: The Lambayeque Civilization flourishes in northern Peru.
900 CE: Mitla becomes the most important city of the Zapotec civilization.
900 CE - 1,150 CE: The Toltec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1,100 CE - 1,470 CE: The Chimu civilization flourishes in northern coastal Peru.
1,345 CE - 1,521 CE: The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1,425 CE - 1,532 CE: The Inca Empire flourishes in South America.