Buddhism Timeline

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  • 448 BCE - 368 BCE
    The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to the Short chronology (Indian chronology).
  • 404 BCE
    First Buddhist Council at Rajgir, Bihar, India.
  • 386 BCE
    Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Corrected Long Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
  • 334 BCE
    Second Buddhist Council at Magadha. The first division among Buddhists occurred at this council.
  • 268 BCE
    Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Short Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
  • c. 200 BCE - c. 600 CE
    Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
  • c. 100 BCE
    Buddhist sutras began to be written down in Pali.
  • c. 75 CE - c. 450 CE
    Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
  • 148 CE
    An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
  • c. 200 CE - c. 400 CE
    The Buddhist Nirvana Sutra is written down in Pali language.
  • c. 200 CE
    Dhammapada is translated to Chinese and other Asian languages.
  • c. 200 CE
    The Buddhist Lotus Sutra is written down in Pali language.
  • 372 CE
    A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
  • 384 CE
    Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
  • c. 450 CE
    Buddhist scholar Buddhaghosa writes his commentary on Dhammapada.
  • 538 CE
    Alternative date to 552 CE for the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
  • 552 CE
    Traditional date for the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
  • 7 Feb 573 CE - 8 Apr 622 CE
    Prince Shotoku was the founder of Japanese Buddhism and of the Japanese nation. He is famous for his 17-article constitution, the first Buddhist constitution ever to be created.
  • 593 CE
    The Shitennoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan.
  • 596 CE
    The Hokoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan.
  • 607 CE
    The Horyuji Buddhist temple is built in Nara, Japan during the reign of Regent Prince Shotoku.
  • 617 CE - 686 CE
    Life of the Korean Buddhist philosopher Wonhyo.
  • 710 CE
    The Buddhist Kofukuji temple is established at Nara, main temple of the Japanese Fujiwara clan.
  • 751 CE - 790 CE
    The Buddhist Bulguksa temple complex is built east of Gyeongju, Korea.
  • 751 CE - 774 CE
    The Buddhist cave temple at Seokguram (Sokkuram) east of Gyeongju, Korea is built.
  • 752 CE
    The Buddhist Todaiji temple is founded at Nara, Japan.
  • c. 756 CE - c. 907 CE
    Taoism loses popular support with the decline of the Tang Dynasty. Replaced by Confucianism and Buddhism.
  • 767 CE - 822 CE
    Life of Saicho, founder of Tendai Buddhism in Japan.
  • 771 CE
    The large bronze bell at the Buddhist shrine at Pandok-sa, Korea, also known as the Emille Bell, is cast.
  • 774 CE - 835 CE
    Kukai (Kobo Daishi), founder of Japanese Esoteric Buddhism.
  • 774 CE - 835 CE
    Life of the monk Kukai (aka Kobo Daishi), founder of Shingon Buddhism in Japan.
  • c. 793 CE - 864 CE
    Life of Ennin, the Buddhist scholar-monk and abbot of Enryakuji, who brought many esoteric teachings from China to Japan.
  • 796 CE
    The Buddhist To-ji temple near Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan is founded.
  • 804 CE
    Kukai's initiation as 8th Patriarch of Esoteric Buddhism.
  • 804 CE - 806 CE
    Japanese monk Kukai (aka Kobo Daishi) visits China and discovers Shingon Buddhism.
  • 819 CE
    Kukai (Kobo Daishi) establishes a monastery and headquarters for Shingon Buddhism on Mount Koya in Japan.
  • 838 CE - 847 CE
    Japanese Tendai Buddhist monk Ennin studies esoteric Buddhism in China.
  • 842 CE - 845 CE
    The Chinese state persecutes Buddhist monks and their monasteries.
  • 849 CE
    Ennin leads the first imperial-sponsored esoteric ritual at Enryakuji, Japan.
  • 874 CE
    The Buddhist Daigoji temple is founded by Shobo at Heiankyo (Kyoto).
  • 921 CE
    The monk Kukai, founder of Shingon Buddhism in Japan, is given the posthumous title of Kobo Daishi.
  • 1,164 CE
    The Buddhist Sanjusangendo temple is founded at Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan.
  • 1,855 CE
    First Latin translation of the Dhammapada.

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Legend:

500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1,000 CE 1,100 CE 1,200 CE 1,300 CE 1,400 CE 1,500 CE 1,600 CE 1,700 CE 1,800 CE  
 
448 BCE - 368 BCE: The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to the Short chronology (Indian chronology).
 
 
404 BCE: First Buddhist Council at Rajgir, Bihar, India.
 
386 BCE: Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Corrected Long Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
 
 
334 BCE: Second Buddhist Council at Magadha. The first division among Buddhists occurred at this council.
 
268 BCE: Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Short Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
 
 
200 BCE - 600 CE: Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
 
 
100 BCE: Buddhist sutras began to be written down in Pali.
 
 
75 CE - 450 CE: Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
 
 
148 CE: An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
 
 
200 CE - 400 CE: The Buddhist Nirvana Sutra is written down in Pali language.
 
200 CE: Dhammapada is translated to Chinese and other Asian languages.
 
 
200 CE: The Buddhist Lotus Sutra is written down in Pali language.
 
 
372 CE: A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
 
 
384 CE: Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
 
450 CE: Buddhist scholar Buddhaghosa writes his commentary on Dhammapada.
 
538 CE: Alternative date to 552 CE for the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
 
552 CE: Traditional date for the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
 
 
573 CE - 622 CE: Prince Shotoku was the founder of Japanese Buddhism and of the Japanese nation. He is famous for his 17-article constitution, the first Buddhist constitution ever to be created.
 
593 CE: The Shitennoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan.
 
596 CE: The Hokoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan.
 
607 CE: The Horyuji Buddhist temple is built in Nara, Japan during the reign of Regent Prince Shotoku.
 
617 CE - 686 CE: Life of the Korean Buddhist philosopher Wonhyo.
 
 
710 CE: The Buddhist Kofukuji temple is established at Nara, main temple of the Japanese Fujiwara clan.
 
 
751 CE - 790 CE: The Buddhist Bulguksa temple complex is built east of Gyeongju, Korea.
 
 
751 CE - 774 CE: The Buddhist cave temple at Seokguram (Sokkuram) east of Gyeongju, Korea is built.
 
 
752 CE: The Buddhist Todaiji temple is founded at Nara, Japan.
 
756 CE - 907 CE: Taoism loses popular support with the decline of the Tang Dynasty. Replaced by Confucianism and Buddhism.
 
767 CE - 822 CE: Life of Saicho, founder of Tendai Buddhism in Japan.
 
 
771 CE: The large bronze bell at the Buddhist shrine at Pandok-sa, Korea, also known as the Emille Bell, is cast.
 
774 CE - 835 CE: Kukai (Kobo Daishi), founder of Japanese Esoteric Buddhism.
 
774 CE - 835 CE: Life of the monk Kukai (aka Kobo Daishi), founder of Shingon Buddhism in Japan.
 
793 CE - 864 CE: Life of Ennin, the Buddhist scholar-monk and abbot of Enryakuji, who brought many esoteric teachings from China to Japan.
 
 
796 CE: The Buddhist To-ji temple near Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan is founded.
 
804 CE: Kukai's initiation as 8th Patriarch of Esoteric Buddhism.
 
804 CE - 806 CE: Japanese monk Kukai (aka Kobo Daishi) visits China and discovers Shingon Buddhism.
 
819 CE: Kukai (Kobo Daishi) establishes a monastery and headquarters for Shingon Buddhism on Mount Koya in Japan.
 
838 CE - 847 CE: Japanese Tendai Buddhist monk Ennin studies esoteric Buddhism in China.
 
 
842 CE - 845 CE: The Chinese state persecutes Buddhist monks and their monasteries.
 
849 CE: Ennin leads the first imperial-sponsored esoteric ritual at Enryakuji, Japan.
 
 
874 CE: The Buddhist Daigoji temple is founded by Shobo at Heiankyo (Kyoto).
 
921 CE: The monk Kukai, founder of Shingon Buddhism in Japan, is given the posthumous title of Kobo Daishi.
 
 
1,164 CE: The Buddhist Sanjusangendo temple is founded at Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan.
 
1,855 CE: First Latin translation of the Dhammapada.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
500 BCE 100 BCE 300 CE 700 CE 1,100 CE 1,500 CE

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