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2,350 BCE: First code of laws by Urukagina, king of Lagash.
2,000 BCE: Babylon controls Fertile Crescent.
1,894 BCE: Amorite dynasty established in Babylon.
1,812 BCE - 1,793 BCE: Reign of Sin-Muballit, Amorite king of Babylon, father of Hammurabi.
1,795 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Reign of Hammurabi, king of Babylon.
1,792 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Ninhursag, along with other feminine deities, loses status during the reign of Hammurabi of Babylon.
1,792 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Worship of Assur overshadowed by Marduk during the reign of Hammurabi of Babylon.
1,792 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Reign of Hammurabi of Babylon who credits Shamash with his famous law code.
1,792 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Female deities in Mesopotamia decline in status during the reign of Amorite king Hammurabi of Babylon; but not Gula.
1,792 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Ereshkigal's place in the Mesopotamian Pantheon solidifies during the reign of King Hammurabi of Babylon.
1,792 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Nabu becomes established as an important deity under the reign of Hammurabi of Babylon.
1,792 BCE: King Hammurabi builds walls of Babylon.
1,792 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Marduk ascends as the most powerful god during the reign of King Hammurabi of Babylon.
1,792 BCE - 1,750 BCE: Reign of Hammurabi of Babylon, Ashur becomes vassal state.
1,787 BCE: Hammurabi of Babylon conquers Uruk and Isin.
1,772 BCE: The Code of Hammurabi: One of the earliest codes of law in the world.
1,761 BCE: Zimri-Lim, the last ruler of Mari dies for unknown reasons. His former ally, Hammurabi of Babylon, captures the city of Mari.
1,760 BCE - 1,757 BCE: Hammurabi of Babylon destroys the city of Mari. The people of Mari are spared according to Hammurabi.
1,755 BCE: Hammurabi rules the whole of Mesopotamia from Babylon.
1,700 BCE: The Code of Hammurabi, with laws regulating beer, written at Babylon.
1,595 BCE: Hittites under Mursilli I sack Babylon, ending Amorite rule.
1,595 BCE: King Mursilis of the Hittites sacks Babylon. Begin of Babylonian "dark ages."
1,595 BCE - 1,155 BCE: Kassite Dynasty rules over Babylonia.
1,595 BCE: Nabu regarded as the son of Marduk during the Kassite Period in Babylon.
1,225 BCE: Tukulti-Ninurta I marches on Babylon and sacks it, temples plundered.
1,225 BCE: Tukulti-Ninurta I sacks Babylon.
1,220 BCE: Babylon is under Assyrian control.
1,125 BCE - 1,104 BCE: Gula invoked in curse on memorial tablet from the reign of King Nebuchadnezar I of Babylon.
1,125 BCE - 1,104 BCE: Statue of Marduk returned to Babylon during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar I.
853 BCE: Babylonian kings depend on Assyrian military support.
800 BCE: Probable date of composition of The Wrath of Erra, describing Nergal's destruction of Babylon.
750 BCE: Sophisticated networks of aqueducts are constructed at Babylon.
734 BCE: Babylon is captured by Chaldeans.
729 BCE: Intervention in Babylonian Civil War. Tiglath Pileser III crowns himself king of Babylon.
729 BCE: Tiglath Pileser III reigns at height as King of Babylon and Assyria.
729 BCE: Babylon is occupied by Assyrians.
718 BCE: Sargon II defeated at Babylon by Elamites.
710 BCE: Sargon II conquers Babylon and the southern territories.
710 BCE - 707 BCE: Sargon II resides at Babylon, rules Assyria from Babylonian court.
706 BCE: Sargon II returns from Babylon and moves into palace in Dur-Sharrukin.
698 BCE - 694 BCE: War with Elam and Babylon.
689 BCE: Sack of Babylon, city is destroyed.
680 BCE: Esarhaddon decrees restoration of Babylon.
653 BCE - 648 BCE: Babylon rebels, Siege of Babylon.
647 BCE - 648 BCE: Fall of Babylon the Ashurbanipal.
612 BCE: Nineveh is sacked and burned by combined forces of Babylonians and Medes.
605 BCE - 549 BCE: Babylon rules over the Assyrian regions.
605 BCE - 562 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II is king of Babylon.
601 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon unsuccessfully attempts to invade Egypt.
597 BCE: Babylonian king Nebuchadnezar captures Jerusalem.
597 BCE - 587 BCE: Jews are deported to Babylonia.
587 BCE - 539 BCE: Jewish exile in Babylonia.
585 BCE - 572 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon besieges Tyre, unsuccessfully.
575 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II builds the Ishtar Gate and great walls of Babylon.
556 BCE - 539 BCE: Mother of King Nabonidus of Babylon holds the position of High Priestess of Nanna at Harran while his daughter does the same at Ur, thus consolidating the king's power.
539 BCE: Fall of Babylon, conquered by Cyrus of Persia. Return of the Jews.
539 BCE: Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon; the Fertile Crescent is controlled by the Achaemenid Empire (The First Persian Empire).
485 BCE: Babylon is destroyed by Xerxes, King of Persia.
323 BCE: Alexander the Great receives Celtic delegations in Babylon.
321 BCE - 315 BCE: Seleucos rules the satrapy of Babylon.
312 BCE: Seleucos conquers Babylon and founds the Seleucid dynasty.
304 BCE - 64 BCE: Rule of the Seleucids in Mesopotamia.