Ashur Timeline

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2334 BCE - 2279 BCE: Reign of Sargon of Akkad, Akkadian outpost build at site of future city of Ashur.
 
1900 BCE: Ashur, capial of Assyria, is founded.
 
1900 BCE: Assur credited as patron god of the City of Ashur in Mesopotamia.
 
 
1813 BCE - 1791 BCE: Reign of Shamashi Adad I, Ashur flourishes.
 
 
1813 BCE - 1791 BCE: Reign of Shamashi Adad I who drives out Amorites, secures border of Assyria, makes Ashur capital.
 
 
1792 BCE - 1750 BCE: Reign of Hammurabi of Babylon, Ashur becomes vassal state.
 
 
1740 BCE - 1350 BCE: Ashur is vassal state of the Kingdom of Mitanni.
 
 
1353 BCE - 1318 BCE: Reign of Ashur-Uballit I who conquers the Hittites and expands Assyria's territory.
 
 
1353 BCE - 1318 BCE: King Ashur-Ubalit I frees Assyria from Mitanni rule.
 
 
1307 BCE - 1275 BCE: Adad Nirari I conquers Hittites, Ashur is capital of Assyrian Empire.
 
 
1244 BCE - 1208 BCE: Reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I, Ashur renovated. Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta built across from city.
 
 
1115 BCE - 1076 BCE: Reign of Tiglath Pileser I who issues law code from Ashur.
 
 
912 BCE - 891 BCE: Ashur prospers under the reign of Adad Nirari II.
 
884 BCE - 859 BCE: Rule of king Ashurnasirpal II of Assyria who moves capital from Ashur to Kalhu (Caleh).
 
 
884 BCE - 859 BCE: Reign of Ashurnasirpal II, capital moved from Ashur to Kalhu (Nimrud).
 
 
879 BCE - 627 BCE: Ashur remains an important spiritual center for Assyria, though no longer the capital.
 
 
746 BCE: Ashur Nirari V, King of Assyria, deposed in palace coup. Tiglath Pileser III assumes the throne.
 
 
694 BCE: Probable date of death of crown prince Ashur-nadin-shumi, heir to the throne.
 
685 BCE: Ashurbanipal is born to King Esarhaddon and Queen Ashur-Hamat.
 
 
612 BCE: The great Assyrian cities of Ashur, Kalhu, and Nineveh are sacked and burned by the Medes, Babylonians, and Persian forces.
 
 
612 BCE: Ashur destroyed by fire in the sack of the Assyrian cities by Medes, Persians, and Babylonians.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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