Armenia Timeline

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3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
 
3500 BCE - 2200 BCE: Occupation of Shnagavit in ancient Armenia.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1200 BCE: The Hayasa-Azzi confederation flourishes in ancient Turkey and Armenia.
 
900 BCE - 590 BCE: The Urartu civilization flourishes in ancient Armenia, eastern Turkey and western Iran.
 
 
782 BCE: The fortress of Erebuni is constructed in ancient Armenia.
 
 
585 BCE: The Erebuni fortress in ancient Armenia is occupied by the Median Empire.
 
 
570 BCE - 200 BCE: The Orontid dynasty rules in ancient Armenia.
 
 
570 BCE - 560 BCE: Orontes (Yervand) Sakavakyats reigns in Armenia, founder of the Orontid dynasty.
 
 
522 BCE: The Persian satrapy of Armenia briefly cedes from the Achaemenid Empire but is brought under control by Darius I.
 
 
368 BCE - 369 BCE: Sasanid king Shapur II invades Armenia and attacks Tushpa/Van.
 
 
330 BCE: Armavir is made the capital of Armenia, a state under control of the Macedonian Empire.
 
260 BCE: The unified kingdom of Commagene and Sophene rises in western Armenia.
 
 
200 BCE - 14 CE: The Artaxiad dynasty rules in Armenia.
 
 
200 BCE - 160 BCE: Reign of Artaxias I, founder of the Artaxiad dynasty in Armenia.
 
 
176 BCE: Artashat (Artaxata) is made the new capital of Armenia by Artaxias I.
 
 
95 BCE - 56 BCE: Reign of Tigranes II, king of Armenia.
 
 
94 BCE: Armenia king Tigranes II annexes the kingdom of Sophene.
 
 
83 BCE: Tigranes the Great of Armenia liberates Syria and rules the region.
 
 
66 BCE: A Roman army led by Pompey the Great besieges Artashat in Armenia.
 
 
53 BCE: Roman general Marcus Licinius Crassus compels Armenia to provide troops for his campaigns against Parthia.
 
34 BCE: Mark Antony celebrates an unofficial triumph in Alexandria following his victories in Armenia.
 
 
34 BCE: Roman general Mark Antony attacks Armenia. The Armenian king Artavasdes II is taken captive to Alexandria.
 
 
34 BCE: Roman general Mark Antony attacks Artashat in Armenia.
 
 
30 BCE: Arteses (Artashes) II is made king of Armenia by the Parthians.
 
 
20 BCE: Roman emperor Augustus makes Tigranes III king of Armenia.
 
 
6 CE - 12 CE: Reign of Tigran V, last Artaxiad king of Armenia.
 
 
12 CE - 428 CE: Reign of the Arsacid dynasty in Armenia.
 
 
52 CE: Parthian king Vologases I invades Armenia.
 
 
54 CE - 60 CE: Roman general Corbulo successfully campaigns in Armenia.
 
 
63 CE: The Treaty of Rhandia gives Rome and Parthia equality over Armenia rulers and government.
 
 
63 CE - 88 CE: Reign of Tiridates I in Armenia.
 
70 CE - 80 CE: Probable construction date of the Temple of Garni in Armenia.
 
 
72 CE: Roman emperor Vespasian annexes the kingdoms of Commagene and Lesser Armenia.
 
 
114 CE: Roman emperor Trajan annexes Armenia and declares war on Parthia.
 
 
117 CE: Roman emperor Hadrian grants independence to the Kingdom of Armenia.
 
 
166 CE: A Roman army sacks the Armenia capital of Artashat.
 
 
239 CE - 330 CE: Life of Saint Gregory the Illuminator who is credited with bringing Christianity to Armenia (dates disputed).
 
 
252 CE: The Sasanid Empire invades the Kingdom of Armenia.
 
 
262 CE - 266 CE: Odaenathus expels Persian garrisons and restores Syria and Armenia to the Roman Empire. Odaenathus invades Mesopotamia, and inflicts two defeats upon Shapur I, which ends with the sack of Ctesiphon.
 
 
298 CE: Roman Emperor Diocletian reunifies the Kingdom of Armenia.
 
 
303 CE: Work is begun on Etchmiadzin Cathedral, Vagharshapat, Armenia.
 
314 CE: Armenia adopts Christianity as the state religion.
 
 
314 CE: Saint Gregory the Illuminator is made the first bishop of Armenia as Christianity is adopted by Tiridates the Great.
 
 
368 CE - 369 CE: The Sasanid Empire destroys several cities in the kingdom of Armenia.
 
387 CE: Tigranocerta in Armenia is renamed Martyropolis.
 
 
387 CE: Roman emperor Theodosius I and Shapur III of Persia agree to formally divide Armenia between the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sasanian Empire.
 
 
387 CE: Partition of Armenia between the Roman and Sasanian Empires.
 
 
422 CE - 428 CE: Reign of Armenia king Artashes IV, last ruler of the Arsacid dynasty.
 
 
428 CE - 652 CE: Persia rules one half of Armenia as the Marzpanate, that is with marzpan viceroys.
 
483 CE: Etchmiadzin Cathedral, Vagharshapat, Armenia is rebuilt by Vahan Mamikonian.
 
 
484 CE: The Treaty of Nvarsak is signed between Persia and Armenia giving the latter a greater political autonomy and freedom of religious thought.
 
 
485 CE: Vahan Mamikonian is made marzpan of Armenia.
 
 
562 CE: Artashat in Armenia is confirmed as an official trading post between Persia and the Byzantine Empire.
 
 
640 CE - 650 CE: The Umayyad Caliphate conquers Armenia.
 
642 CE: The St. Gevorg Chapel is built at Khor Virap, Armenia.
 
645 CE: The construction of Zvartnots Cathedral begins in Armenia.
 
 
701 CE: Armenia is formally annexed as a province of the Umayyad Caliphate.
 
 
746 CE - 752 CE: Byzantine emperor Constantine V conducts successful campaigns in northern Syria and Armenia.
 
 
789 CE: Partav replaces Dvin as the capital of Armenia.
 
 
961 CE: Ani is made the capital of Armenia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE

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