Architecture Timeline

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  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2800 BCE
    The Neolithic chambered cairn known as Maeshowe constructed and in use.
  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2650 BCE
    Period IV - elaborate architecture, metal working. Godin Tepe invaded c. 2400 BCE.
  • c. 2670 BCE
    Djed symbol features prominently in architecture of the Step Pyramid of Djoser.
  • c. 2560 BCE
    The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
  • c. 2500 BCE
    The Great Sphinx is built at Giza.
  • 2200 BCE
    First monumental architecture at Malia.
  • 2200 BCE - 1700 BCE
    Evidence of town planning and more sophisticated architecture in the Cylades.
  • c. 1500 BCE - c. 1400 BCE
    First palace structure and Treasury of Atreus tomb built at Mycenae.
  • c. 1450 BCE
    Mycenaean monumental architecture first appears at Epidaurus.
  • 1400 BCE - 1300 BCE
    Mycenaean palace architecture at Tiryns.
  • 1400 BCE - 1300 BCE
    Mycenaean fortifications, palaces and tombs constructed at Argos.
  • c. 1300 BCE - c. 1250 BCE
    Cyclopean stone bridge built near Mycenae.
  • 700 BCE - 300 BCE
    Sphinxes are represented in Persian architecture either as free standing sculpture or in relief wall decoration.
  • c. 580 BCE
    Long-distance aqueducts were constructed at Samos and Athens.
  • c. 575 BCE
    Nebuchadnezzar II builds the Ishtar Gate and great walls of Babylon.
  • 550 BCE - 430 BCE
    Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • c. 546 BCE
    Cyrus the Great begins construction of Pasargadae.
  • c. 525 BCE
    The Treasury of the Siphnians is built at Delphi which included Caryatid architecture.
  • 510 BCE - 370 BCE
    Greeks fighting Amazons becomes a popular subject of architectural sculpture across Greece.
  • c. 460 BCE - 457 BCE
    Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Pheidias.
  • 421 BCE - 406 BCE
    The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch.
  • 380 BCE
    Rebuilding of Rome. Strong walls around the seven hills.
  • 312 BCE
    Rome's first aqueduct constructed, the 16 km long Aqua Appia.
  • c. 200 BCE - c. 600 CE
    Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
  • 146 BCE
    First Roman all-marble building is constructed, the temple of Jupiter Stater in Rome.
  • 144 BCE - 140 BCE
    Rome's 91 km long Aqua Marcia aqueduct constructed.
  • c. 110 BCE - c. 50 BCE
    Tower of The Winds by Andronicus constructed in Athens.
  • 55 BCE
    Pompey the Great builds the first permanent stone theatre in Rome.
  • c. 20 BCE
    Military engineer and architect Vitruvius publishes his "De Architectura".
  • 19 BCE
    Arch of Augustus built in Rome to commemorate victory over the Parthians.
  • 14 BCE - 96 CE
    Rome launches an extensive cultural patronage and construction programme in Iberia.
  • c. 13 BCE
    Official inauguration of the Theatre of Marcellus in Rome.
  • 2 BCE
    Augusutus inaugurates the Temple of Mars Ultor in Rome to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE.
  • c. 1 CE - c. 100 CE
    Construction of the temple of Jupiter Baal by the Romans at Baalbek.
  • c. 65 CE
    The Baths of Nero are built in Rome.
  • c. 65 CE
    The Circus Maximus in Rome is rebuilt and its capacity increased to 250,000.
  • 72 CE
    Vespasian begins construction of the Colosseum in Rome.
  • c. 75 CE - c. 450 CE
    Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
  • 113 CE
    Trajan’s column is constructed in Rome which commemorates the emperor's campaigns in Dacia.
  • 122 CE
    Construction begins on Hadrian's Wall.
  • c. 125 CE
    The Pantheon is completed in Rome.
  • 216 CE
    End of the architectural project of the Severan forum.
  • c. 235 CE
    The Baths of Caracalla in Rome are completed.
  • c. 315 CE
    Arch of Constantine I built in Rome to commemorate victory over Maxentius in 312 CE.
  • 315 CE
    The Baths of Constantine I in Rome are completed.
  • c. 320 CE - c. 550 CE
    Gupta period, considered a golden age of ancient India in art and architecture.
  • c. 450 CE
    The adobe brick pyramids Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna are constructed at Moche, capital of the Moche civilization.
  • c. 500 CE - c. 800 CE
    Much of the temple architecture at Aihole is built.
  • 532 CE - 537 CE
    Hagia Sophia is first built in Constantinople.
  • 608 CE
    The Pantheon in Rome is converted into a Christian church.
  • c. 1450 CE
    Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui founds Machu Picchu in the High Andes.

Visual Timeline

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
 
 
3000 BCE - 2800 BCE: The Neolithic chambered cairn known as Maeshowe constructed and in use.
 
3000 BCE - 2650 BCE: Period IV - elaborate architecture, metal working. Godin Tepe invaded c. 2400 BCE.
 
 
2670 BCE: Djed symbol features prominently in architecture of the Step Pyramid of Djoser.
 
 
2560 BCE: The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
 
2500 BCE: The Great Sphinx is built at Giza.
 
2200 BCE: First monumental architecture at Malia.
 
 
2200 BCE - 1700 BCE: Evidence of town planning and more sophisticated architecture in the Cylades.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1400 BCE: First palace structure and Treasury of Atreus tomb built at Mycenae.
 
 
1450 BCE: Mycenaean monumental architecture first appears at Epidaurus.
 
 
1400 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean palace architecture at Tiryns.
 
 
1400 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean fortifications, palaces and tombs constructed at Argos.
 
 
1300 BCE - 1250 BCE: Cyclopean stone bridge built near Mycenae.
 
700 BCE - 300 BCE: Sphinxes are represented in Persian architecture either as free standing sculpture or in relief wall decoration.
 
 
580 BCE: Long-distance aqueducts were constructed at Samos and Athens.
 
 
575 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II builds the Ishtar Gate and great walls of Babylon.
 
 
550 BCE - 430 BCE: Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
 
546 BCE: Cyrus the Great begins construction of Pasargadae.
 
 
525 BCE: The Treasury of the Siphnians is built at Delphi which included Caryatid architecture.
 
 
510 BCE - 370 BCE: Greeks fighting Amazons becomes a popular subject of architectural sculpture across Greece.
 
 
460 BCE - 457 BCE: Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Pheidias.
 
 
421 BCE - 406 BCE: The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch.
 
380 BCE: Rebuilding of Rome. Strong walls around the seven hills.
 
 
312 BCE: Rome's first aqueduct constructed, the 16 km long Aqua Appia.
 
 
200 BCE - 600 CE: Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
 
 
146 BCE: First Roman all-marble building is constructed, the temple of Jupiter Stater in Rome.
 
 
144 BCE - 140 BCE: Rome's 91 km long Aqua Marcia aqueduct constructed.
 
 
110 BCE - 50 BCE: Tower of The Winds by Andronicus constructed in Athens.
 
55 BCE: Pompey the Great builds the first permanent stone theatre in Rome.
 
 
20 BCE: Military engineer and architect Vitruvius publishes his "De Architectura".
 
 
19 BCE: Arch of Augustus built in Rome to commemorate victory over the Parthians.
 
14 BCE - 96 CE: Rome launches an extensive cultural patronage and construction programme in Iberia.
 
13 BCE: Official inauguration of the Theatre of Marcellus in Rome.
 
2 BCE: Augusutus inaugurates the Temple of Mars Ultor in Rome to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE.
 
1 CE - 100 CE: Construction of the temple of Jupiter Baal by the Romans at Baalbek.
 
65 CE: The Baths of Nero are built in Rome.
 
65 CE: The Circus Maximus in Rome is rebuilt and its capacity increased to 250,000.
 
 
72 CE: Vespasian begins construction of the Colosseum in Rome.
 
 
75 CE - 450 CE: Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
 
113 CE: Trajan’s column is constructed in Rome which commemorates the emperor's campaigns in Dacia.
 
 
122 CE: Construction begins on Hadrian's Wall.
 
 
125 CE: The Pantheon is completed in Rome.
 
216 CE: End of the architectural project of the Severan forum.
 
235 CE: The Baths of Caracalla in Rome are completed.
 
 
315 CE: Arch of Constantine I built in Rome to commemorate victory over Maxentius in 312 CE.
 
315 CE: The Baths of Constantine I in Rome are completed.
 
320 CE - 550 CE: Gupta period, considered a golden age of ancient India in art and architecture.
 
 
450 CE: The adobe brick pyramids Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna are constructed at Moche, capital of the Moche civilization.
 
500 CE - 800 CE: Much of the temple architecture at Aihole is built.
 
 
532 CE - 537 CE: Hagia Sophia is first built in Constantinople.
 
 
608 CE: The Pantheon in Rome is converted into a Christian church.
 
 
1450 CE: Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui founds Machu Picchu in the High Andes.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE

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