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3000 BCE - 2800 BCE: The Neolithic chambered cairn known as Maeshowe constructed and in use.
3000 BCE - 2650 BCE: Period IV - elaborate architecture, metal working. Godin Tepe invaded c. 2400 BCE.
2670 BCE: Djed symbol features prominently in architecture of the Step Pyramid of Djoser.
2560 BCE: The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
2500 BCE: The Great Sphinx is built at Giza.
2200 BCE: First monumental architecture at Malia.
2200 BCE - 1700 BCE: Evidence of town planning and more sophisticated architecture in the Cylades.
1500 BCE - 1400 BCE: First palace structure and Treasury of Atreus tomb built at Mycenae.
1450 BCE: Mycenaean monumental architecture first appears at Epidaurus.
1400 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean palace architecture at Tiryns.
1400 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean fortifications, palaces and tombs constructed at Argos.
1300 BCE - 1250 BCE: Cyclopean stone bridge built near Mycenae.
700 BCE - 300 BCE: Sphinxes are represented in Persian architecture either as free standing sculpture or in relief wall decoration.
580 BCE: Long-distance aqueducts were constructed at Samos and Athens.
575 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II builds the Ishtar Gate and great walls of Babylon.
550 BCE - 430 BCE: Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
546 BCE: Cyrus the Great begins construction of Pasargadae.
525 BCE: The Treasury of the Siphnians is built at Delphi which included Caryatid architecture.
510 BCE - 370 BCE: Greeks fighting Amazons becomes a popular subject of architectural sculpture across Greece.
460 BCE - 457 BCE: Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Pheidias.
421 BCE - 406 BCE: The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch.
380 BCE: Rebuilding of Rome. Strong walls around the seven hills.
312 BCE: Rome's first aqueduct constructed, the 16 km long Aqua Appia.
200 BCE - 600 CE: Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
146 BCE: First Roman all-marble building is constructed, the temple of Jupiter Stater in Rome.
144 BCE - 140 BCE: Rome's 91 km long Aqua Marcia aqueduct constructed.
110 BCE - 50 BCE: Tower of The Winds by Andronicus constructed in Athens.
55 BCE: Pompey the Great builds the first permanent stone theatre in Rome.
20 BCE: Military engineer and architect Vitruvius publishes his "De Architectura".
19 BCE: Arch of Augustus built in Rome to commemorate victory over the Parthians.
14 BCE - 96 CE: Rome launches an extensive cultural patronage and construction programme in Iberia.
13 BCE: Official inauguration of the Theatre of Marcellus in Rome.
2 BCE: Augusutus inaugurates the Temple of Mars Ultor in Rome to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE.
1 CE - 100 CE: Construction of the temple of Jupiter Baal by the Romans at Baalbek.
65 CE: The Baths of Nero are built in Rome.
65 CE: The Circus Maximus in Rome is rebuilt and its capacity increased to 250,000.
72 CE: Vespasian begins construction of the Colosseum in Rome.
75 CE - 450 CE: Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
113 CE: Trajan’s column is constructed in Rome which commemorates the emperor's campaigns in Dacia.
122 CE: Construction begins on Hadrian's Wall.
125 CE: The Pantheon is completed in Rome.
216 CE: End of the architectural project of the Severan forum.
235 CE: The Baths of Caracalla in Rome are completed.
315 CE: Arch of Constantine I built in Rome to commemorate victory over Maxentius in 312 CE.
315 CE: The Baths of Constantine I in Rome are completed.
320 CE - 550 CE: Gupta period, considered a golden age of ancient India in art and architecture.
450 CE: The adobe brick pyramids Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna are constructed at Moche, capital of the Moche civilization.
500 CE - 800 CE: Much of the temple architecture at Aihole is built.
532 CE - 537 CE: Hagia Sophia is first built in Constantinople.
608 CE: The Pantheon in Rome is converted into a Christian church.
1450 CE: Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui founds Machu Picchu in the High Andes.