Wars of the Roses Timeline

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1410 CE 1420 CE 1430 CE 1440 CE 1450 CE 1460 CE 1470 CE 1480 CE  
 
1411 CE - 1460 CE: Life of Richard, Duke of York.
 
 
1422 CE - 1461 CE: First reign of Henry VI of England.
 
1436 CE: Tax records show that Richard, Duke of York is the richest man in England.
 
1450 CE: There is a rebellion in England led by Jack Cade.
 
 
1452 CE: Richard, Duke of York launches a failed by marching his army to Dartford.
 
1453 CE: Birth of Edward, the only son of Henry VI of England.
 
 
1454 CE: Richard, Duke of York is made Protector of the Realm.
 
 
1455 CE - 1487 CE: Wars of the Roses in England.
 
1455 CE: Richard, Duke of York imprisons his rival the Earl of Somerset in the Tower of London.
 
 
1455 CE: Richard, Duke of York wins the Battle of St. Albans and the Earl of Somerset is killed.
 
 
1455 CE: Richard, Duke of York is made the Protector of the Realm for a second time.
 
1458 CE: ‘Loveday’, Henry VI of England's attempt to reconcile the Yorkists and Lancastrians.
 
1459 CE: The 'Parliament of Devils' identifies Richard, Duke of York as a traitor. The duke flees to Ireland.
 
 
1459 CE: An army led by Queen Margaret defeats Richard, Duke of York at the Battle of Ludford Bridge.
 
 
1460 CE: A Yorkist army led by Richard Neville, the Earl of Warwick and Edward, Earl of March defeats Queen Margaret’s army at Northampton. Henry VI of England is captured.
 
1460 CE: The Act of Accord identifies Richard, Duke of York as the official heir of Henry VI of England.
 
 
1460 CE: Richard, Duke of York is killed at the Battle of Wakefield.
 
 
1461 CE - 1468 CE: Harlech Castle in Wales is besieged by a Yorkist army during the Wars of the Roses.
 
 
1461 CE - 1470 CE: First reign of Edward IV of England.
 
 
1461 CE: A Yorkist army, led by the Earl of Warwick, is defeated at St. Albans. Henry VI of England is released from captivity.
 
 
1461 CE: Edward of York wins the bloody Battle of Towton. Henry VI of England is deposed.
 
 
1464 CE: A Lancastrian army is defeated at Hexam by Edward IV of England.
 
 
1465 CE: The fugitive ex-king Henry VI of England is captured in Lancashire and imprisoned in the Tower of London.
 
 
1468 CE: Harlech Castle in Wales finally surrenders to the Yorkists during the Wars of the Roses. The resistance of the Lancastrian garrison is commemorated in the popular song 'Men of Harlech'.
 
 
1469 CE: The Earl of Warwick and Queen Margaret defeat King Edward IV’s army at Northampton in the Battle of Edgecote Moor.
 
 
1470 CE - 1471 CE: Second reign of Henry VI of England.
 
 
1470 CE: Birth of Prince Edward (eldest son of Edward IV of England), the future Edward V of England.
 
 
1470 CE: Henry VI of England is reinstated as king (the ‘Readeption’).
 
 
1470 CE: Second (English) coronation of Henry VI of England, this time in Saint Paul's Cathedral.
 
 
1471 CE - 1483 CE: Second reign of Edward IV of England.
 
 
1471 CE: Edward IV of England wins the Battle of Barnet where the Earl of Warwick is killed.
 
 
1471 CE: Henry VI of England’s only son Edward is killed at the Battle of Tewkesbury. Henry VI is imprisoned in the Tower of London by Edward IV of England.
 
 
1471 CE: Henry VI of England is murdered in the Tower of London.
 
 
1472 CE: Edward IV of England makes his younger brother Richard the Duke of Gloucester.
 
 
1473 CE: Birth of Edward of Middleham, son of Richard, Duke of Gloucester, future Richard III of England.
 
 
1476 CE: Queen Margaret, wife of the late Henry VI of England, is released from confinement and returns to France.
 
 
1478 CE: George, Duke of Clarence, the brother of Edward IV of England, is murdered in the Tower of London.
 
 
1483 CE: Richard III of England imprisons and then likely murders the two young sons of the late Edward IV, the 'Princes in the Tower'.
 
 
1483 CE: Reign of Edward V of England.
 
 
1483 CE: Edward IV of England dies of a stroke at Westminster.
 
 
1483 CE: Coronation of Richard III of England in Westminster Abbey.
 
 
1483 CE: A plot to overthrow Richard III of England is foiled. The Duke of Buckingham is executed.
 
 
1484 CE: Death of Prince Edward, Richard III of England's son and heir.
 
 
1485 CE: Death of Queen Anne Neville, wife of Richard III of England.
 
 
1485 CE: Henry Tudor, future Henry VII of England, lands with an army of French mercenaries at Milford Haven in South Wales.
 
 
1485 CE: Henry Tudor, future Henry VII of England, wins the Battle of Bosworth Field where Richard III of England is killed.
 
 
1485 CE: Coronation of Henry VII of England in Westminster Abbey.
 
 
1486 CE: Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV of England.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1410 CE 1420 CE 1430 CE 1440 CE 1450 CE 1460 CE 1470 CE 1480 CE

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