Vikings Timeline

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  • c. 4000 BCE - c. 2300 BCE
    Depictions of ships in stone (in burial settings) and metal found in Scandinavia.
  • c. 350 BCE
    Hjortspring boat - the earliest known plank-built Scandinavian vessel.
  • c. 200 CE - c. 400 CE
    Roman technology used by Vikings in shipbuilding.
  • c. 350 CE - c. 400 CE
    The Nydam Ship built, first able to easily travel long distance overseas.
  • c. 750 CE - c. 800 CE
    The presumed founding of the important Viking trading center of Birka in Sweden.
  • 780 CE - 950 CE
    The commercial Viking centre at Kaupang thrives.
  • c. 790 CE - c. 1100 CE
    The Viking Age.
  • c. 790 CE - c. 880 CE
    Style E (also 'Oseberg' or 'Broa' style) of the Scandinavian animal ornamentation styles flourished between the late 8th- and late 9th century CE.
  • 793 CE
    First Viking raid in Britain at Lindisfarne Abbey.
  • c. 800 CE - c. 1050 CE
    Approximate timespan of the Viking Age.
  • c. 829 CE - c. 831 CE
    The Frankish missionary St. Ansgar (801-865 CE) first introduces the Swedes to Christianity in the Viking trading town of Birka.
  • 844 CE
    A Viking attack occurs on Seville in present-day Spain; after conquering it and surrounding areas the Vikings are chased off by the resident Arabs. .
  • 845 CE
  • c. 850 CE - c. 990 CE
    The Borre Style of the Viking Age animal ornamentation styles flourished between c. 850 and the late 10th century CE.
  • 854 CE - 858 CE
    Viking raids on West Francia allegedly led by Bjorn Ironside and Hastein (although this attribution is more likely legendary rather than historical).
  • 866 CE
    Great Heathen Army of the Vikings invades Northumbria.
  • 867 CE
    Battle of York; Vikings defeat Northumbria.
  • 871 CE - 899 CE
    Reign of Alfred the Great in Wessex; Vikings defeated at Eddington and London; Wessex becomes major power in the region.
  • 876 CE
    Viking raids involving Rollo.
  • 878 CE
    Alfred mobilizes his forces and defeats Vikings at the Battle of Eddington.
  • 878 CE
    Vikings take Chippenham in surprise attack; Alfred driven into exile.
  • 879 CE
    King Ceolwulf II cedes eastern part of Mercia to Vikings; end of united Mercian kingdom.
  • 885 CE - 886 CE
    Viking siege of Paris. Odo of West Francia successfully defends the city.
  • 886 CE
    Alfred takes London from the Vikings; is recognized as king outside of Wessex.
  • 886 CE
    Alfred the Great subdues Vikings of London. .
  • c. 890 CE - c. 990 CE
    The Jelling Style, a Viking Age animal ornamentation style, cropped up just before 900 CE and was in vogue until the end of the 10th century CE.
  • c. 900 CE
    Viking Hedeby is at its height. It encompasses an area of around 24 hectares and has a population of approximately 1,500 people.
  • c. 907 CE
    Aethelflaed defeats Vikings at the Battle of Chester.
  • 917 CE
    Aethelflaed leads her armies to victory over the Vikings at Derby.
  • c. 950 CE - c. 1000 CE
    The Mammen Style, a Scandinavian animal ornamentation style, flourished in this period.
  • c. 950 CE
    The Viking trading center of Birka in present-day Sweden goes into abrupt decline around the mid-10th century CE.
  • c. 990 CE - c. 1050 CE
    The Ringerike Style, a Scandinavian animal ornamentation style, flourished in this period.
  • c. 1000 CE
    Vikings first land in North America, in Newfoundland and other parts of western Canada.
  • c. 1040 CE - c. 1100 CE
    The Urnes style, the last of the Viking Age animal ornamentation styles, flourished in this period and even extended into the 12th century CE in certain locations.
  • c. 1066 CE
    Harald Hardrada of the Vikings killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge; accepted date of the end of the Viking Age.
  • 1066 CE
    Viking Hedeby is sacked by Polabian Slavs, after already having been sacked by Harald Hardrada of Norway a few years before. Residents relocate to Schleswig, and Hedeby's role as mercantile center ceases.
  • c. 1220 CE
    The Prose Edda by Snorri Sturluson is written.
  • c. 1270 CE
    The Poetic Edda is written. It contains poetry that dates further back, though.
  • now
    The Viking trading center of Hedeby is made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2018: the "Archaeological Border complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke".

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Legend:

4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE 1500 CE 2000 CE  
 
 
4000 BCE - 2300 BCE: Depictions of ships in stone (in burial settings) and metal found in Scandinavia.
 
350 BCE: Hjortspring boat - the earliest known plank-built Scandinavian vessel.
 
200 CE - 400 CE: Roman technology used by Vikings in shipbuilding.
 
350 CE - 400 CE: The Nydam Ship built, first able to easily travel long distance overseas.
 
 
750 CE - 800 CE: The presumed founding of the important Viking trading center of Birka in Sweden.
 
 
780 CE - 950 CE: The commercial Viking centre at Kaupang thrives.
 
 
790 CE - 1100 CE: The Viking Age.
 
790 CE - 880 CE: Style E (also 'Oseberg' or 'Broa' style) of the Scandinavian animal ornamentation styles flourished between the late 8th- and late 9th century CE.
 
793 CE: First Viking raid in Britain at Lindisfarne Abbey.
 
 
800 CE - 1050 CE: Approximate timespan of the Viking Age.
 
829 CE - 831 CE: The Frankish missionary St. Ansgar (801-865 CE) first introduces the Swedes to Christianity in the Viking trading town of Birka.
 
844 CE: A Viking attack occurs on Seville in present-day Spain; after conquering it and surrounding areas the Vikings are chased off by the resident Arabs. .
 
845 CE: Viking chief Ragnar Lothbrok raids Paris.
 
850 CE - 990 CE: The Borre Style of the Viking Age animal ornamentation styles flourished between c. 850 and the late 10th century CE.
 
854 CE - 858 CE: Viking raids on West Francia allegedly led by Bjorn Ironside and Hastein (although this attribution is more likely legendary rather than historical).
 
 
866 CE: Great Heathen Army of the Vikings invades Northumbria.
 
 
867 CE: Battle of York; Vikings defeat Northumbria.
 
 
871 CE - 899 CE: Reign of Alfred the Great in Wessex; Vikings defeated at Eddington and London; Wessex becomes major power in the region.
 
876 CE: Viking raids involving Rollo.
 
 
878 CE: Alfred mobilizes his forces and defeats Vikings at the Battle of Eddington.
 
 
878 CE: Vikings take Chippenham in surprise attack; Alfred driven into exile.
 
 
879 CE: King Ceolwulf II cedes eastern part of Mercia to Vikings; end of united Mercian kingdom.
 
 
885 CE - 886 CE: Viking siege of Paris. Odo of West Francia successfully defends the city.
 
886 CE: Alfred takes London from the Vikings; is recognized as king outside of Wessex.
 
 
886 CE: Alfred the Great subdues Vikings of London. .
 
890 CE - 990 CE: The Jelling Style, a Viking Age animal ornamentation style, cropped up just before 900 CE and was in vogue until the end of the 10th century CE.
 
900 CE: Viking Hedeby is at its height. It encompasses an area of around 24 hectares and has a population of approximately 1,500 people.
 
 
907 CE: Aethelflaed defeats Vikings at the Battle of Chester.
 
 
917 CE: Aethelflaed leads her armies to victory over the Vikings at Derby.
 
950 CE - 1000 CE: The Mammen Style, a Scandinavian animal ornamentation style, flourished in this period.
 
 
950 CE: The Viking trading center of Birka in present-day Sweden goes into abrupt decline around the mid-10th century CE.
 
990 CE - 1050 CE: The Ringerike Style, a Scandinavian animal ornamentation style, flourished in this period.
 
1000 CE: Vikings first land in North America, in Newfoundland and other parts of western Canada.
 
1040 CE - 1100 CE: The Urnes style, the last of the Viking Age animal ornamentation styles, flourished in this period and even extended into the 12th century CE in certain locations.
 
 
1066 CE: Harald Hardrada of the Vikings killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge; accepted date of the end of the Viking Age.
 
1066 CE: Viking Hedeby is sacked by Polabian Slavs, after already having been sacked by Harald Hardrada of Norway a few years before. Residents relocate to Schleswig, and Hedeby's role as mercantile center ceases.
 
 
1220 CE: The Prose Edda by Snorri Sturluson is written.
 
 
1270 CE: The Poetic Edda is written. It contains poetry that dates further back, though.
 
now: The Viking trading center of Hedeby is made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2018: the "Archaeological Border complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke".
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE 1000 CE

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