To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.
4000 BCE - 2300 BCE: Depictions of ships in stone (in burial settings) and metal found in Scandinavia.
350 BCE: Hjortspring boat - the earliest known plank-built Scandinavian vessel.
200 CE - 400 CE: Roman technology used by Vikings in shipbuilding.
350 CE - 400 CE: The Nydam Ship built, first able to easily travel long distance overseas.
750 CE - 800 CE: The presumed founding of the important Viking trading center of Birka in Sweden.
780 CE - 950 CE: The commercial Viking centre at Kaupang thrives.
790 CE - 880 CE: Style E (also 'Oseberg' or 'Broa' style) of the Scandinavian animal ornamentation styles flourished between the late 8th- and late 9th century CE.
790 CE - 1100 CE: The Viking Age.
793 CE: First Viking raid in Britain at Lindisfarne Abbey.
800 CE - 1050 CE: Approximate timespan of the Viking Age.
829 CE - 831 CE: The Frankish missionary St. Ansgar (801-865 CE) first introduces the Swedes to Christianity in the Viking trading town of Birka.
844 CE: A Viking attack occurs on Seville in present-day Spain; after conquering it and surrounding areas the Vikings are chased off by the resident Arabs. .
845 CE: Viking chief Ragnar Lothbrok raids Paris.
850 CE - 990 CE: The Borre Style of the Viking Age animal ornamentation styles flourished between c. 850 and the late 10th century CE.
854 CE - 858 CE: Viking raids on West Francia allegedly led by Bjorn Ironside and Hastein (although this attribution is more likely legendary rather than historical).
866 CE: Great Heathen Army of the Vikings invades Northumbria.
867 CE: Battle of York; Vikings defeat Northumbria.
871 CE - 899 CE: Reign of Alfred the Great in Wessex; Vikings defeated at Eddington and London; Wessex becomes major power in the region.
876 CE: Viking raids involving Rollo.
878 CE: Alfred mobilizes his forces and defeats Vikings at the Battle of Eddington.
878 CE: Vikings take Chippenham in surprise attack; Alfred driven into exile.
879 CE: King Ceolwulf II cedes eastern part of Mercia to Vikings; end of united Mercian kingdom.
885 CE - 886 CE: Viking siege of Paris. Odo of West Francia successfully defends the city.
886 CE: Alfred the Great subdues Vikings of London. .
886 CE: Alfred takes London from the Vikings; is recognized as king outside of Wessex.
890 CE - 990 CE: The Jelling Style, a Viking Age animal ornamentation style, cropped up just before 900 CE and was in vogue until the end of the 10th century CE.
900 CE: Viking Hedeby is at its height. It encompasses an area of around 24 hectares and has a population of approximately 1,500 people.
907 CE: Aethelflaed defeats Vikings at the Battle of Chester.
917 CE: Aethelflaed leads her armies to victory over the Vikings at Derby.
950 CE: The Viking trading center of Birka in present-day Sweden goes into abrupt decline around the mid-10th century CE.
950 CE - 1000 CE: The Mammen Style, a Scandinavian animal ornamentation style, flourished in this period.
970 CE - 1030 CE: Approximate time-indication of the Vikings' expeditions to Vinland (Newfoundland, North America).
990 CE - 1050 CE: The Ringerike Style, a Scandinavian animal ornamentation style, flourished in this period.
1000 CE: Vikings first land in North America, in Newfoundland and other parts of western Canada.
1014 CE: The Battle of Clontarf between Brian Boru, High King of Ireland, and the Vikings with Irish allies.
1040 CE - 1100 CE: The Urnes style, the last of the Viking Age animal ornamentation styles, flourished in this period and even extended into the 12th century CE in certain locations.
1066 CE: Battle of Stamford Bridge in which Harold Godwinson (Harold II) defeats an invading army led by Harald Hardrada, king of Norway.
1066 CE: Harald Hardrada of the Vikings killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge; accepted date of the end of the Viking Age.
1066 CE: Viking Hedeby is sacked by Polabian Slavs, after already having been sacked by Harald Hardrada of Norway a few years before. Residents relocate to Schleswig, and Hedeby's role as mercantile center ceases.
1069 CE: A Viking force led by King Sweyn II of Denmark's brother Asbjorn sacks York.
1070 CE: King Sweyn II of Denmark joins forces with Anglo-Saxon rebels led by Hereward the Wake to threaten East Anglia in England.
1220 CE: The Prose Edda by Snorri Sturluson is written.
1270 CE: The Poetic Edda is written. It contains poetry that dates further back, though.
2018 CE: The Viking trading center of Hedeby is made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2018: the "Archaeological Border complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke".