Umayyad Dynasty Timeline

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  • 656 CE - 661 CE
    The murder of Caliph Uthman causes the eruption of the First Fitna (civil war). Muawiya surfaces as a major opposer of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 661 CE - 750 CE
    The Umayyad Dynasty rules the Islamic empire.
  • 661 CE
    Muawiya, the governor of Syria, establishes the Umayyad Dynasty.
  • 680 CE - 692 CE
    The Second Fitna (second Islamic civil war).
  • 680 CE
    Husayn's death marks the start of the second civil war of Islamic history (Second Fitna).
  • Oct 680 CE
    Husayn ibn Ali, Shia Islam's third imam, is beheaded by Yazid I's force at the Battle of Karbala in present-day Iraq.
  • 685 CE
    Al-Mukhtar starts his revolt; he joins hands withe Abdullah ibn Zubayr.
  • 687 CE
    Al-Mukhtar has a falling out with Abdullah, owing to his support to the Alid faction - he is killed by Zubayrid forces.
  • 711 CE - 714 CE
    Conquest of most of Spain by the Umayyad Dynasty.
  • 712 CE
    Military conquests as far as the Beas river in parts of modern-day Pakistan by the Umayyad forces - under Muhammad ibn Qasim.
  • 713 CE
    Successful annexation of modern-day Transoxiana by Qutayba ibn Muslim.
  • 715 CE
    Sulayman rises to power; expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate is halted.
  • 717 CE - 718 CE
    An unsuccessful attempt to take over Constantinople; after Sulayman's death, his successor Umar II calls back the forces.
  • 743 CE - 747 CE
    The Third Fitna (civil war of the Islamic empire): Marwan II emerges as the victor.
  • 750 CE
    Fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • 750 CE
    Start of the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 756 CE
    Abd al-Rahman I establishes the Emirate of Cordoba.
  • 756 CE - 788 CE
    Reign of Abd al-Rahman I over the Emirate of Cordoba.

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Legend:

650 CE 660 CE 670 CE 680 CE 690 CE 700 CE 710 CE 720 CE 730 CE 740 CE 750 CE 760 CE 770 CE 780 CE  
 
 
656 CE - 661 CE: The murder of Caliph Uthman causes the eruption of the First Fitna (civil war). Muawiya surfaces as a major opposer of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
661 CE - 750 CE: The Umayyad Dynasty rules the Islamic empire.
 
661 CE: Muawiya, the governor of Syria, establishes the Umayyad Dynasty.
 
680 CE - 692 CE: The Second Fitna (second Islamic civil war).
 
680 CE: Husayn's death marks the start of the second civil war of Islamic history (Second Fitna).
 
 
680 CE: Husayn ibn Ali, Shia Islam's third imam, is beheaded by Yazid I's force at the Battle of Karbala in present-day Iraq.
 
685 CE: Al-Mukhtar starts his revolt; he joins hands withe Abdullah ibn Zubayr.
 
687 CE: Al-Mukhtar has a falling out with Abdullah, owing to his support to the Alid faction - he is killed by Zubayrid forces.
 
711 CE - 714 CE: Conquest of most of Spain by the Umayyad Dynasty.
 
712 CE: Military conquests as far as the Beas river in parts of modern-day Pakistan by the Umayyad forces - under Muhammad ibn Qasim.
 
713 CE: Successful annexation of modern-day Transoxiana by Qutayba ibn Muslim.
 
715 CE: Sulayman rises to power; expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate is halted.
 
 
717 CE - 718 CE: An unsuccessful attempt to take over Constantinople; after Sulayman's death, his successor Umar II calls back the forces.
 
743 CE - 747 CE: The Third Fitna (civil war of the Islamic empire): Marwan II emerges as the victor.
 
 
750 CE: Fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.
 
 
750 CE: Start of the Abbasid Caliphate.
 
 
756 CE: Abd al-Rahman I establishes the Emirate of Cordoba.
 
 
756 CE - 788 CE: Reign of Abd al-Rahman I over the Emirate of Cordoba.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
650 CE 670 CE 690 CE 710 CE 730 CE 750 CE 770 CE

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