Umar Timeline

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Visual Timeline

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Legend:

630 CE 640 CE 650 CE 660 CE 670 CE 680 CE 690 CE 700 CE 710 CE 720 CE 730 CE 740 CE 750 CE 760 CE 770 CE 780 CE 790 CE 800 CE 810 CE 820 CE 830 CE 840 CE 850 CE 860 CE 870 CE 880 CE 890 CE 900 CE 910 CE  
 
 
632 CE - 634 CE: Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph (successor to Muhammad) of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
632 CE - 633 CE: Ridda Wars (Wars of Apostacy): re-unification of the Arabian Peninsula under the banner of Islam.
 
 
634 CE - 644 CE: 'Umar ibn al-Khattab succeeds Abu Bakr, becoming the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
634 CE: Battle of Ajnadayn: Muslim invasion of Syria.
 
636 CE: Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Yarmouk.
 
636 CE: Battle of al-Qadisiyya.
 
 
637 CE: Muslim invasion of the Levant. The Byzantines are driven out.
 
638 CE: Umar distributes food during a famine in Arabia.
 
640 CE: Battle of Heliopolis. Byzantine forces defeated by Umar's general Amr ibn al-Aas.
 
 
641 CE: Arab Muslims under Caliph Umar take Alexandria from the Byzantine Christians.
 
 
644 CE - 656 CE: 'Uthman ibn 'Affan succeeds 'Umar to become the third caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
 
646 CE: The Arab Muslims conquer Egypt under Caliph Umar.
 
 
717 CE - 718 CE: An unsuccessful attempt to take over Constantinople; after Sulayman's death, his successor Umar II calls back the forces.
 
915 CE: The autonomous Muslim leader Umar ibn Hafsun surrenders to the Umayyad forces of Abd al-Rahman III.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
630 CE 670 CE 710 CE 750 CE 790 CE 830 CE 870 CE

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