Three Kingdoms Period in Korea Timeline

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  • 57 BCE - 918 CE
    The Silla Kingdom rules in Korea, first as one of the Three Kingdoms and then alone from 668 CE.
  • 57 BCE - 4 CE
    Reign of traditional founder of Korea's Silla kingdom Hyeokgeose (aka Pak Hyokkose).
  • 37 BCE
    Traditional founding date of the Goguryeo Kindom in northern Korea.
  • 37 BCE - 668 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom rules in northern Korea.
  • 18 BCE
    Traditional founding date of the Baekje kingdom in Korea.
  • 18 BCE - 660 CE
    The Baekje Kingdom rules in western Korea.
  • 3 CE
    The Goguryeo capital is established at Kungnaesong.
  • 42 CE - 532 CE
    The Gaya (Kaya) Confederation rules in central Korea.
  • 53 CE - 146 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Taejo in northern Korea.
  • 179 CE - 196 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Kogukchon in northern Korea.
  • 234 CE - 286 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Koi in western Korea.
  • 313 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom conquers the last Chinese commandery at Lelang.
  • 314 CE
    Baekje conquers the Taebang commando in Korea.
  • 331 CE - 371 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Gogugwon in northern Korea.
  • 342 CE
    Murong Huang invades Korea from China and sacks the Goguryeo capital of Kungnaesong, taking 50,000 inhabitants prisoner.
  • 346 CE - 375 CE
    Reign of the Baekje king Kun Chogo in western Korea.
  • 371 CE
    Baekje conquers the Mahan federation and attacks Pyongyang, killing the Goguryeo king Gogugwon.
  • 372 CE
    A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
  • 375 CE
    The scholar Kohung writes the Sogi, a history of the Baekje Kingdom in Korea.
  • 375 CE - 384 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Kun Kusu in western Korea.
  • 384 CE
    Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
  • 384 CE - 385 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Chimnyu in western Korea.
  • 391 CE - 413 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Gwanggaeto the Great in northern Korea.
  • 413 CE - 491 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Changsu in northern Korea.
  • 417 CE - 458 CE
    Reign of Silla king Nulchi in south-eastern Korea.
  • 427 CE
    Pyongyang replaces Kungnaesong as the Goguryeo capital.
  • 433 CE - 553 CE
    Baekje forms an alliance with the Silla kingdom in Korea.
  • 458 CE - 500 CE
    Reign of Silla king Soji in south-eastern Korea.
  • 475 CE
    Goguryeo attacks the Baekje kingdom, killing the king Gaero and forcing the abandonment of Hansong, his capital.
  • 475 CE
    A new Baekje capital is established at Ungjin (modern Gongju/Kongju).
  • 479 CE - 501 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Tongsong in western Korea.
  • 500 CE - 514 CE
    Reign of Silla king Chijung in south-eastern Korea.n
  • 501 CE - 523 CE
    The Baekje king Muryeong-Wang reigns in western Korea.
  • 514 CE - 540 CE
    Reign of Silla king Beopheung (aka Pophung) in south-eastern Korea.n
  • 520 CE
    Silla king Beophung introduces the bone rank system (Golpum).
  • 523 CE - 554 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Song in western Korean.
  • 525 CE
    The tomb of King Muryeong-Wang of Baekje is built near Gongju, Korea.
  • 532 CE
    Silla captures and destroys the Gaya city of Pon Kaya in southern Korea.
  • 538 CE
    A new Baekje capital is established at Sabi (modern Buyeo/Puyo).
  • 554 CE
    The Silla kingdom attacks the Baekje kingdom and occupies the lower Han River valley.
  • 554 CE
    At the battle of Kwansan-song (modern Okchon) the Baekje army is defeated by the Silla and King Song is killed.
  • 562 CE
    Silla conquers the Gaya city of Tae Kaya in southern Korea.
  • 600 CE - 641 CE
    The Baekje king Mu reigns in western Korea.
  • 612 CE
    Goguryeo general Ulchi Mundok wins a great victory against the Chinese Sui at the battle of the Salsu River.
  • 628 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea builds a 480-km defensive wall as protection against attack from China.
  • 632 CE - 647 CE
    Reign of Silla queen Seondeok in south-eastern Korea.
  • 642 CE
    The Baekje and Goguryeo kingdoms join forces against the Silla and conquer Taeya-song (modern Hapchon).
  • 642 CE - 668 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Pojang in northern Korea.
  • 644 CE
    A Goguryeo army defeats a combined Silla and Tang army.
  • 647 CE - 654 CE
    Reign of Silla queen Chindok in south-eastern Korea.
  • 660 CE
    The Baekje kingdom in Korea falls to a joint Silla and Chinese Tang Dynasty army and naval attack.
  • 661 CE
    A Tang Dynasty army unsuccessfully besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang.
  • 663 CE
    A rebel Baekje army is finally crushed by the Silla in Korea, ending the Baekje kingdom.
  • 667 CE
    A Tang Dynasty army besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang for a second time, this time successfully.
  • 668 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea collapses following an attack by the Tang Dynasty of China.
  • 675 CE
    A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battles of Maesosong.
  • 676 CE
    A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battle of Kibolpo, thus gaining control of the whole Korean peninsula.

Visual Timeline

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Legend:

100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE  
 
 
57 BCE - 668 CE: Three Kingdoms Period in Korea (Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje).
 
 
57 BCE - 918 CE: The Silla Kingdom rules in Korea, first as one of the Three Kingdoms and then alone from 668 CE.
 
 
57 BCE - 4 CE: Reign of traditional founder of Korea's Silla kingdom Hyeokgeose (aka Pak Hyokkose).
 
 
37 BCE: Traditional founding date of the Goguryeo Kindom in northern Korea.
 
 
37 BCE - 668 CE: The Goguryeo kingdom rules in northern Korea.
 
 
18 BCE: Traditional founding date of the Baekje kingdom in Korea.
 
 
18 BCE - 660 CE: The Baekje Kingdom rules in western Korea.
 
 
3 CE: The Goguryeo capital is established at Kungnaesong.
 
 
42 CE - 532 CE: The Gaya (Kaya) Confederation rules in central Korea.
 
 
53 CE - 146 CE: Reign of Goguryeo king Taejo in northern Korea.
 
 
179 CE - 196 CE: Reign of Goguryeo king Kogukchon in northern Korea.
 
 
234 CE - 286 CE: Reign of Baekje king Koi in western Korea.
 
 
313 CE: The Goguryeo kingdom conquers the last Chinese commandery at Lelang.
 
 
314 CE: Baekje conquers the Taebang commando in Korea.
 
 
331 CE - 371 CE: Reign of Goguryeo king Gogugwon in northern Korea.
 
 
342 CE: Murong Huang invades Korea from China and sacks the Goguryeo capital of Kungnaesong, taking 50,000 inhabitants prisoner.
 
 
346 CE - 375 CE: Reign of the Baekje king Kun Chogo in western Korea.
 
 
371 CE: Baekje conquers the Mahan federation and attacks Pyongyang, killing the Goguryeo king Gogugwon.
 
 
372 CE: A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
 
 
375 CE: The scholar Kohung writes the Sogi, a history of the Baekje Kingdom in Korea.
 
 
375 CE - 384 CE: Reign of Baekje king Kun Kusu in western Korea.
 
 
384 CE: Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
 
 
384 CE - 385 CE: Reign of Baekje king Chimnyu in western Korea.
 
 
391 CE - 413 CE: Reign of Goguryeo king Gwanggaeto the Great in northern Korea.
 
 
413 CE - 491 CE: Reign of Goguryeo king Changsu in northern Korea.
 
 
417 CE - 458 CE: Reign of Silla king Nulchi in south-eastern Korea.
 
 
427 CE: Pyongyang replaces Kungnaesong as the Goguryeo capital.
 
 
433 CE - 553 CE: Baekje forms an alliance with the Silla kingdom in Korea.
 
 
458 CE - 500 CE: Reign of Silla king Soji in south-eastern Korea.
 
 
475 CE: Goguryeo attacks the Baekje kingdom, killing the king Gaero and forcing the abandonment of Hansong, his capital.
 
 
475 CE: A new Baekje capital is established at Ungjin (modern Gongju/Kongju).
 
 
479 CE - 501 CE: Reign of Baekje king Tongsong in western Korea.
 
 
500 CE - 514 CE: Reign of Silla king Chijung in south-eastern Korea.
 
 
501 CE - 523 CE: The Baekje king Muryeong-Wang reigns in western Korea.
 
 
514 CE - 540 CE: Reign of Silla king Beopheung (aka Pophung) in south-eastern Korea.
 
 
520 CE: Silla king Beophung introduces the bone rank system (Golpum).
 
 
523 CE - 554 CE: Reign of Baekje king Song in western Korean.
 
 
525 CE: The tomb of King Muryeong-Wang of Baekje is built near Gongju, Korea.
 
 
532 CE: Silla captures and destroys the Gaya city of Pon Kaya in southern Korea.
 
 
538 CE: A new Baekje capital is established at Sabi (modern Buyeo/Puyo).
 
 
554 CE: The Silla kingdom attacks the Baekje kingdom and occupies the lower Han River valley.
 
 
554 CE: At the battle of Kwansan-song (modern Okchon) the Baekje army is defeated by the Silla and King Song is killed.
 
 
562 CE: Silla conquers the Gaya city of Tae Kaya in southern Korea.
 
 
600 CE - 641 CE: The Baekje king Mu reigns in western Korea.
 
 
612 CE: Goguryeo general Ulchi Mundok wins a great victory against the Chinese Sui at the battle of the Salsu River.
 
 
628 CE: The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea builds a 480-km defensive wall as protection against attack from China.
 
 
632 CE - 647 CE: Reign of Silla queen Seondeok in south-eastern Korea.
 
 
642 CE: The Baekje and Goguryeo kingdoms join forces against the Silla and conquer Taeya-song (modern Hapchon).
 
 
642 CE - 668 CE: Reign of Goguryeo king Pojang in northern Korea.
 
 
644 CE: A Goguryeo army defeats a combined Silla and Tang army.
 
 
647 CE - 654 CE: Reign of Silla queen Chindok in south-eastern Korea.
 
 
660 CE: The Baekje kingdom in Korea falls to a joint Silla and Chinese Tang Dynasty army and naval attack.
 
 
661 CE: A Tang Dynasty army unsuccessfully besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang.
 
 
663 CE: A rebel Baekje army is finally crushed by the Silla in Korea, ending the Baekje kingdom.
 
 
667 CE: A Tang Dynasty army besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang for a second time, this time successfully.
 
 
668 CE: The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea collapses following an attack by the Tang Dynasty of China.
 
 
675 CE: A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battles of Maesosong.
 
 
676 CE: A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battle of Kibolpo, thus gaining control of the whole Korean peninsula.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
100 BCE 100 CE 300 CE 500 CE 700 CE

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