c. 550 BCE - c. 366 BCE
460 BCE - 445 BCEFirst Peloponnesian War.
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550 BCE 540 BCE 530 BCE 520 BCE 510 BCE 500 BCE 490 BCE 480 BCE 470 BCE 460 BCE 450 BCE 440 BCE 430 BCE 420 BCE 410 BCE 400 BCE 390 BCE 380 BCE 370 BCE
550 BCE - 366 BCE: Peloponnesian League alliance between Sparta, Corinth, Elis and Tegea which establishes Spartan hegemony over the Peloponnese.
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
460 BCE - 445 BCE: First Peloponnesian War.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
371 BCE: Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuctra.