Rome Timeline

Search Results

  • 753 BCE
    The legendary founding date of Rome.
  • 753 BCE - 510 BCE
    Regal Period of ancient Rome from Founding to Birth of the Republic.
  • 750 BCE - 510 BCE
    The (semi-mythological) seven kings of Rome: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tulus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus.
  • 750 BCE - 510 BCE
    The semi-legendary celeres or trossuli - a 300-man cavalry corps which the first kings of Rome incorporated into the legion - is formed, later their number is increased to 600.
  • c. 620 BCE
    Posible founding date for Ostia, the port of Rome.
  • 599 BCE - 500 BCE
    The traditional date when the Circus Maximus of Rome is first laid out.
  • 578 BCE - 535 BCE
    Servius Tullius, the king of Rome, increases the number of the cavalry corps (equites) to 1,800.
  • 534 BCE - 510 BCE
    Reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, last king of Rome.
  • 510 BCE - 509 BCE
    First treaty between Rome and Carthage.
  • c. 508 BCE
    Lars Porsenna, Etruscan king of Chiusi, lays siege to Rome.
  • 504 BCE
    Migration of Claudii from Sabine lands to Rome.
  • c. 499 BCE
    Battle of Lake Regillus between Rome and the Latin League.
  • 498 BCE - 493 BCE
    Rome defeats the Latins.
  • c. 497 BCE
    The first temple dedicated to Saturn is constructed in the Forum Romanum of Rome.
  • 495 BCE
    Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, last king of Rome, dies in exile at Cumae.
  • 494 BCE
    Traditional date the office of the tribuni plebis is created in Rome.
  • 484 BCE
    The first temple of the Dioscuri (Castor & Pollux) is dedicated in Rome's Forum Romanum by Aulus Postumius following his victory over the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus.
  • 449 BCE
    The Valerio-Horatian Laws establishes the tribal assemblies in Rome.
  • 443 BCE
    The position of censor is created in Rome.
  • 437 BCE - 435 BCE
    Rome defeats Etruscan Veii in the Veientine War; the Etruscan king Lars Tolumnius is killed.
  • 431 BCE
    The temple to Apollo Medicus is built in Rome.
  • 396 BCE
    Rome sacks the Etruscan town of Veii after a ten-year siege.
  • 396 BCE
    Camillus is named Dictator of Rome for the first time.
  • 394 BCE
    Etruscan Volsinii and their ally Sappinum unsuccessfully attacks Rome.
  • 394 BCE
    Camillus accepts the surrender of the city of Falerii to Rome.
  • 390 BCE
    The Senone Tribe of Gaul sack Rome; Camillus mobilizes forces to defeat them and save the city. Hailed as "Second Romulus". .
  • c. 390 BCE
    "Gallic Catastrophe:" Brennus of the Senones defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome.
  • 390 BCE
    Gauls sack Rome.
  • 389 BCE
    Camillus is named Dictator of Rome a second time.
  • 380 BCE
    Rebuilding of Rome. Strong walls around the seven hills.
  • 368 BCE
    Camillus is named Dictator of Rome a third time; leads army to victory in battle.
  • 367 BCE
    Livy mentions Celtic armies in Ancona and one such group moves against Rome once more.
  • 367 BCE
    Position of aedile curule added for the patricians of Rome.
  • c. 367 BCE - 529 CE
    Worship of the goddess Isis spreads outside Egypt's borders to Greece and Rome.
  • 367 BCE
    Camillus is named Dictator of Rome for a fourth time; continues to lead armies to victory.
  • 365 BCE
    Camillus dies of the plague at Rome.
  • 343 BCE - 341 BCE
    First Samnite War (Rome vs. Samnites).
  • 340 BCE - 338 BCE
    Latin War, victory for Rome.
  • 339 BCE
    The leges Publilae decrees that one of Rome's two censors must be a plebeian.
  • 334 BCE
    Rome signs a peace treaty with the Senones tribe.
  • 323 BCE - 30 BCE
    Horus remains a popular deity during the Ptolemaic Dynasty, the last to rule over Egypt before the coming of Rome.
  • 323 BCE - 30 BCE
    The Egyptian Book of the Dead continues in popular use through the Ptolemaic Dynasty, the last to rule Egypt before the coming of Rome.
  • 312 BCE
    Rome's first aqueduct constructed, the 16 km long Aqua Appia.
  • 302 BCE
    Rome intervenes to assist the ruling Cilnii clan at Arretium against a popular uprising.
  • 298 BCE - 290 BCE
    Third Samnite War. Victory for Rome, peace with the Etruscans.
  • 298 BCE - 290 BCE
    Third Samnite War between Rome and the Samnite people.
  • 295 BCE
    The first temple to Venus is dedicated on Rome's Aventine Hill.
  • c. 287 BCE
    The Lex Hotensia states that laws passed in Rome by the Concilium Plebis are binding to all people, even patricians.
  • 285 BCE - 282 BCE
    Rome defeats the Celts in Italy. Rome's dominance in central Italy is secured.
  • 283 BCE
    Rome decisively defeats the Senones at Picenum.
  • 280 BCE - 272 BCE
    Roman war against Tarentum. Rome conquers Tarentum. Rome’s dominance in lower Italy is secured.
  • 273 BCE
    Rome conquers the Etruscan town of Cerveteri.
  • 273 BCE
    Rome establishes a colony at Paestum.
  • 272 BCE - 269 BCE
    Rome's Anio Vetus aqueduct constructed.
  • 270 BCE
    Rome occupies Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
  • 264 BCE - 241 BCE
  • c. 263 BCE
    A shrine is dedicated to Minerva on the Aventine in Rome.
  • 262 BCE
    Rome besieges and sacks Agrigento on Sicily in one of the first actions of the First Punic War.
  • 260 BCE
    Rome builds a fleet of 120 ships in just 60 days to fight the First Punic War.
  • 258 BCE
    Rome wins a naval battle against Carthage at Sulcis during the First Punic War.
  • 256 BCE
    Rome lands an army of four legions on African soil at Clupea during the First Punic War.
  • 256 BCE
    Rome wins a land battle south of Tunis during the First Punic War.
  • 249 BCE
    Carthage defeats Rome in a naval battle at Drepanum during the First Punic War.
  • 241 BCE - 238 BCE
    The rebellion of the mercenaries: Unpaid mercenaries under the leadership of Mathos and Spendios rebel against Carthage. Despite a peace treaty, Rome seizes the opportunity to strip Carthage of Sardinia and Corsica.
  • 229 BCE - 228 BCE
    Rome fights Illyrian pirates. Queen Teuta pays tribute to Rome.
  • 226 BCE
    Hasdrubal signs an agreement with Rome not to cross the Ebro river in Spain.
  • 225 BCE
    Segesta is granted the status of civitas immunis et libera by Rome.
  • 222 BCE
    Rome conquers Cisalpine Gaul (modern-day Provence, France).
  • 219 BCE
    The physician Archagathus of Sparta arrives in Rome.
  • 219 BCE
    Hannibal crosses the Ebro river in Spain and sacks the city of Saguntum, Rome's ally, sparking off the Second Punic War.
  • Mar 218 BCE
    Rome declares war on Carthage after Hannibal sacks Saguntum in Spain. The Second Punic War begins.
  • 216 BCE
    "Hannibal ante portas." Hannibal directly threatens the city of Rome, but cannot advance due to lack of supplies and reinforcements.
  • 214 BCE - 205 BCE
    First Macedonian War: Rome defeats Philip V of Macedon.
  • 213 BCE
    Hasdrubal deployed from Spain to North Africa to fend off attack on Carthaginian interests by Syphax, an ally of Rome.
  • 212 BCE
    A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
  • 212 BCE - 205 BCE
    The Achaean League sides with Macedon against Rome in the First Macedonian War.
  • 210 BCE - 207 BCE
    Scipio Africanus conquers Spain for Rome.
  • 210 BCE
    Rome attacks Agrigento.
  • c. 22 Jun 207 BCE
    Rome defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Metaurus.
  • c. 200 BCE
    Rome now dominates the production of coinage in Italy.
  • 200 BCE - 196 BCE
    The Achaean League sides with Rome in the Second Macedonian War.
  • 196 BCE
    The earliest known Triumphal Arches are built in Rome by L.Sertinius.
  • 195 BCE
    Facing the threat of being handed to the Romans as a result of the opposition to the reforms he initiated in Carthage, Hannibal flees to Crete and then to Tyre, in Seleucid territory. He will become one of the military advisors of king Antiochos III Megas in his war against Rome.
  • 191 BCE - 134 BCE
    Various resistance movements against Rome in Iberia. Viriato leads the Lusitanians against Rome from 154 to 139 BC.
  • 191 BCE
    Antiochus III and his army, including many Galatians, are defeated by Rome at Magnesia.
  • c. 191 BCE
    The Achaean League signs a treaty of alliance with Rome.
  • 189 BCE
    Rome gives control of Lycia to Rhodes.
  • c. 189 BCE
    The treaty of Apameea Kibotos. Peace and alliance is established between the Seleucid Kingdom and Rome joined by her allies, such as Pergamon and Rhodes. The Seleucids have to evacuate all the land and the cities from Asia Minor and to pay a huge war indemnity.
  • 188 BCE
    Rome gives Samos its independence.
  • 184 BCE
    The first basilica is added to to Rome's Forum Romanum.
  • 179 BCE
    The Basilica Fulvia is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
  • 172 BCE - 168 BCE
    Third Macedonian War: Perseus of Macedon challenges Rome and is defeated.
  • 169 BCE
    The Basilica Sempronia is built in Rome's Forum Romanum.
  • 168 BCE
    Rome defeats Macedon at Battle of Pydna.
  • 166 BCE
    Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.
  • 166 BCE
    Rome puts Delos under the jurisdiction of Athens and makes the island a free port.
  • c. 159 BCE
    First water-clock set up in Rome.
  • 150 BCE
    A Carthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.
  • 149 BCE
    Rome sends an army of 80,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry to attack Carthage.
  • 146 BCE
    Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.

Visual Timeline

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE  
 
 
753 BCE: The legendary founding date of Rome.
 
753 BCE - 510 BCE: Regal Period of ancient Rome from Founding to Birth of the Republic.
 
750 BCE - 510 BCE: The (semi-mythological) seven kings of Rome: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tulus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus.
 
750 BCE - 510 BCE: The semi-legendary celeres or trossuli - a 300-man cavalry corps which the first kings of Rome incorporated into the legion - is formed, later their number is increased to 600.
 
 
620 BCE: Posible founding date for Ostia, the port of Rome.
 
599 BCE - 500 BCE: The traditional date when the Circus Maximus of Rome is first laid out.
 
578 BCE - 535 BCE: Servius Tullius, the king of Rome, increases the number of the cavalry corps (equites) to 1,800.
 
 
534 BCE - 510 BCE: Reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, last king of Rome.
 
 
510 BCE - 509 BCE: First treaty between Rome and Carthage.
 
 
508 BCE: Lars Porsenna, Etruscan king of Chiusi, lays siege to Rome.
 
 
504 BCE: Migration of Claudii from Sabine lands to Rome.
 
499 BCE: Battle of Lake Regillus between Rome and the Latin League.
 
 
498 BCE - 493 BCE: Rome defeats the Latins.
 
 
497 BCE: The first temple dedicated to Saturn is constructed in the Forum Romanum of Rome.
 
 
495 BCE: Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, last king of Rome, dies in exile at Cumae.
 
494 BCE: Traditional date the office of the tribuni plebis is created in Rome.
 
 
484 BCE: The first temple of the Dioscuri (Castor & Pollux) is dedicated in Rome's Forum Romanum by Aulus Postumius following his victory over the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus.
 
449 BCE: The Valerio-Horatian Laws establishes the tribal assemblies in Rome.
 
443 BCE: The position of censor is created in Rome.
 
 
437 BCE - 435 BCE: Rome defeats Etruscan Veii in the Veientine War; the Etruscan king Lars Tolumnius is killed.
 
 
431 BCE: The temple to Apollo Medicus is built in Rome.
 
 
396 BCE: Rome sacks the Etruscan town of Veii after a ten-year siege.
 
396 BCE: Camillus is named Dictator of Rome for the first time.
 
 
394 BCE: Etruscan Volsinii and their ally Sappinum unsuccessfully attacks Rome.
 
394 BCE: Camillus accepts the surrender of the city of Falerii to Rome.
 
 
390 BCE: The Senone Tribe of Gaul sack Rome; Camillus mobilizes forces to defeat them and save the city. Hailed as "Second Romulus". .
 
390 BCE: "Gallic Catastrophe:" Brennus of the Senones defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome.
 
390 BCE: Gauls sack Rome.
 
389 BCE: Camillus is named Dictator of Rome a second time.
 
380 BCE: Rebuilding of Rome. Strong walls around the seven hills.
 
 
368 BCE: Camillus is named Dictator of Rome a third time; leads army to victory in battle.
 
367 BCE: Livy mentions Celtic armies in Ancona and one such group moves against Rome once more.
 
367 BCE: Position of aedile curule added for the patricians of Rome.
 
 
367 BCE - 529 CE: Worship of the goddess Isis spreads outside Egypt's borders to Greece and Rome.
 
 
367 BCE: Camillus is named Dictator of Rome for a fourth time; continues to lead armies to victory.
 
365 BCE: Camillus dies of the plague at Rome.
 
343 BCE - 341 BCE: First Samnite War (Rome vs. Samnites).
 
340 BCE - 338 BCE: Latin War, victory for Rome.
 
339 BCE: The leges Publilae decrees that one of Rome's two censors must be a plebeian.
 
 
334 BCE: Rome signs a peace treaty with the Senones tribe.
 
323 BCE - 30 BCE: Horus remains a popular deity during the Ptolemaic Dynasty, the last to rule over Egypt before the coming of Rome.
 
323 BCE - 30 BCE: The Egyptian Book of the Dead continues in popular use through the Ptolemaic Dynasty, the last to rule Egypt before the coming of Rome.
 
 
312 BCE: Rome's first aqueduct constructed, the 16 km long Aqua Appia.
 
 
302 BCE: Rome intervenes to assist the ruling Cilnii clan at Arretium against a popular uprising.
 
 
298 BCE - 290 BCE: Third Samnite War. Victory for Rome, peace with the Etruscans.
 
298 BCE - 290 BCE: Third Samnite War between Rome and the Samnite people.
 
 
295 BCE: The first temple to Venus is dedicated on Rome's Aventine Hill.
 
287 BCE: The Lex Hotensia states that laws passed in Rome by the Concilium Plebis are binding to all people, even patricians.
 
 
285 BCE - 282 BCE: Rome defeats the Celts in Italy. Rome's dominance in central Italy is secured.
 
283 BCE: Rome decisively defeats the Senones at Picenum.
 
 
280 BCE - 272 BCE: Roman war against Tarentum. Rome conquers Tarentum. Rome’s dominance in lower Italy is secured.
 
 
273 BCE: Rome conquers the Etruscan town of Cerveteri.
 
273 BCE: Rome establishes a colony at Paestum.
 
 
272 BCE - 269 BCE: Rome's Anio Vetus aqueduct constructed.
 
 
270 BCE: Rome occupies Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
 
 
264 BCE - 241 BCE: First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
 
 
263 BCE: A shrine is dedicated to Minerva on the Aventine in Rome.
 
262 BCE: Rome besieges and sacks Agrigento on Sicily in one of the first actions of the First Punic War.
 
260 BCE: Rome builds a fleet of 120 ships in just 60 days to fight the First Punic War.
 
258 BCE: Rome wins a naval battle against Carthage at Sulcis during the First Punic War.
 
256 BCE: Rome lands an army of four legions on African soil at Clupea during the First Punic War.
 
256 BCE: Rome wins a land battle south of Tunis during the First Punic War.
 
249 BCE: Carthage defeats Rome in a naval battle at Drepanum during the First Punic War.
 
241 BCE - 238 BCE: The rebellion of the mercenaries: Unpaid mercenaries under the leadership of Mathos and Spendios rebel against Carthage. Despite a peace treaty, Rome seizes the opportunity to strip Carthage of Sardinia and Corsica.
 
229 BCE - 228 BCE: Rome fights Illyrian pirates. Queen Teuta pays tribute to Rome.
 
226 BCE: Hasdrubal signs an agreement with Rome not to cross the Ebro river in Spain.
 
225 BCE: Segesta is granted the status of civitas immunis et libera by Rome.
 
 
222 BCE: Rome conquers Cisalpine Gaul (modern-day Provence, France).
 
 
219 BCE: The physician Archagathus of Sparta arrives in Rome.
 
219 BCE: Hannibal crosses the Ebro river in Spain and sacks the city of Saguntum, Rome's ally, sparking off the Second Punic War.
 
218 BCE: Rome declares war on Carthage after Hannibal sacks Saguntum in Spain. The Second Punic War begins.
 
216 BCE: "Hannibal ante portas." Hannibal directly threatens the city of Rome, but cannot advance due to lack of supplies and reinforcements.
 
214 BCE - 205 BCE: First Macedonian War: Rome defeats Philip V of Macedon.
 
213 BCE: Hasdrubal deployed from Spain to North Africa to fend off attack on Carthaginian interests by Syphax, an ally of Rome.
 
212 BCE: A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
 
 
212 BCE - 205 BCE: The Achaean League sides with Macedon against Rome in the First Macedonian War.
 
 
210 BCE - 207 BCE: Scipio Africanus conquers Spain for Rome.
 
210 BCE: Rome attacks Agrigento.
 
207 BCE: Rome defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Metaurus.
 
200 BCE: Rome now dominates the production of coinage in Italy.
 
 
200 BCE - 196 BCE: The Achaean League sides with Rome in the Second Macedonian War.
 
196 BCE: The earliest known Triumphal Arches are built in Rome by L.Sertinius.
 
195 BCE: Facing the threat of being handed to the Romans as a result of the opposition to the reforms he initiated in Carthage, Hannibal flees to Crete and then to Tyre, in Seleucid territory. He will become one of the military advisors of king Antiochos III Megas in his war against Rome.
 
191 BCE - 134 BCE: Various resistance movements against Rome in Iberia. Viriato leads the Lusitanians against Rome from 154 to 139 BC.
 
191 BCE: Antiochus III and his army, including many Galatians, are defeated by Rome at Magnesia.
 
 
191 BCE: The Achaean League signs a treaty of alliance with Rome.
 
 
189 BCE: Rome gives control of Lycia to Rhodes.
 
 
189 BCE: The treaty of Apameea Kibotos. Peace and alliance is established between the Seleucid Kingdom and Rome joined by her allies, such as Pergamon and Rhodes. The Seleucids have to evacuate all the land and the cities from Asia Minor and to pay a huge war indemnity.
 
 
188 BCE: Rome gives Samos its independence.
 
 
184 BCE: The first basilica is added to to Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
179 BCE: The Basilica Fulvia is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
 
172 BCE - 168 BCE: Third Macedonian War: Perseus of Macedon challenges Rome and is defeated.
 
169 BCE: The Basilica Sempronia is built in Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
 
168 BCE: Rome defeats Macedon at Battle of Pydna.
 
 
166 BCE: Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.
 
 
166 BCE: Rome puts Delos under the jurisdiction of Athens and makes the island a free port.
 
159 BCE: First water-clock set up in Rome.
 
150 BCE: A Carthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.
 
149 BCE: Rome sends an army of 80,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry to attack Carthage.
 
 
146 BCE: Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE

Timeline Search

Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for.

Remove Ads

Advertisement