Roman Government Timeline

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  • 753 BCE
    The legendary founding date of Rome.
  • 750 BCE - 510 BCE
    The (semi-mythological) seven kings of Rome: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tulus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus.
  • 509 BCE
    Foundation of the Roman Republic.
  • 494 BCE
    Traditional date the office of the tribuni plebis is created in Rome.
  • 450 BCE
    The laws of the 'Twelve Tables', the basis of Roman law, are compiled.
  • 450 BCE
    The number of Roman quaestors is increased to four and made open to plebians.
  • 449 BCE
    The Valerio-Horatian Laws establishes the tribal assemblies in Rome.
  • 443 BCE
    The position of censor is created in Rome.
  • c. 440 BCE
    Roman quaestors are chosen by the assembly rather than the consuls.
  • 367 BCE
    Law passed enabling Roman plebians to become consuls.
  • 367 BCE
    Position of aedile curule added for the patricians of Rome.
  • 366 BCE
    First Roman plebian consul named.
  • 339 BCE
    The leges Publilae decrees that one of Rome's two censors must be a plebeian.
  • c. 287 BCE
    The Lex Hotensia states that laws passed in Rome by the Concilium Plebis are binding to all people, even patricians.
  • 131 BCE
    Two plebeians hold the two positions of censor for the first time in Rome.
  • 106 BCE
    Roman statesman and orator Cicero is born.
  • 12 Jul 100 BCE - 15 Mar 44 BCE
    Life of Gaius Julius Caesar, founder of the Roman Empire.
  • 81 BCE
    Sulla significantly curbs the powers of the Roman tribuni plebis.
  • 70 BCE
    Pompey and Crassus are made consuls.
  • 70 BCE
    The powers of the tribuni plebis in Rome are reinstated.
  • 65 BCE
    Julius Caesar becomes aedile curule in Rome.
  • 60 BCE - 53 BCE
  • 55 BCE
    Marcus Licinius Crassus is made consul for the second time and departs on campaign in Parthia.
  • 44 BCE
    Caesar becomes dictator for life. On the 'Ides of March' (15th) he is killed by conspirators including Brutus and Cassius. Octavian, son of Caesars niece Atia, is posthumously adopted as his heir.
  • 43 BCE - 36 BCE
    Second Roman Triumvirate: Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus (official approvement by Senate). Mass proscriptions including Cicero.
  • 43 BCE
    Roman statesman and orator Cicero dies.
  • 42 BCE
    Octavian and Antony defeat Republicans under Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi (Greece).
  • 27 BCE
    Octavian gets extraordinary powers by the Senate and given the name Augustus.
  • c. 23 BCE
    Augustus takes over most of the powers of the tribuni plebis.
  • 22 BCE
    The last censor is elected in Rome.
  • 68 CE - 69 CE
    Year of the Four Emperors: Civil war in Rome.
  • 212 CE
    Roman citizenship granted to all inhabitants of the empire.
  • 285 CE
    The Roman empire is split into the Western and Eastern Roman empires.

Visual Timeline

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE  
 
 
753 BCE: The legendary founding date of Rome.
 
750 BCE - 510 BCE: The (semi-mythological) seven kings of Rome: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tulus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus.
 
 
509 BCE: Foundation of the Roman Republic.
 
494 BCE: Traditional date the office of the tribuni plebis is created in Rome.
 
 
450 BCE: The laws of the 'Twelve Tables', the basis of Roman law, are compiled.
 
450 BCE: The number of Roman quaestors is increased to four and made open to plebians.
 
449 BCE: The Valerio-Horatian Laws establishes the tribal assemblies in Rome.
 
443 BCE: The position of censor is created in Rome.
 
440 BCE: Roman quaestors are chosen by the assembly rather than the consuls.
 
367 BCE: Law passed enabling Roman plebians to become consuls.
 
367 BCE: Position of aedile curule added for the patricians of Rome.
 
366 BCE: First Roman plebian consul named.
 
339 BCE: The leges Publilae decrees that one of Rome's two censors must be a plebeian.
 
287 BCE: The Lex Hotensia states that laws passed in Rome by the Concilium Plebis are binding to all people, even patricians.
 
131 BCE: Two plebeians hold the two positions of censor for the first time in Rome.
 
 
106 BCE: Roman statesman and orator Cicero is born.
 
100 BCE - 44 BCE: Life of Gaius Julius Caesar, founder of the Roman Empire.
 
81 BCE: Sulla significantly curbs the powers of the Roman tribuni plebis.
 
70 BCE: Pompey and Crassus are made consuls.
 
70 BCE: The powers of the tribuni plebis in Rome are reinstated.
 
65 BCE: Julius Caesar becomes aedile curule in Rome.
 
60 BCE - 53 BCE: 'First Triumvirate' between Caesar, Pompey and Crassus.
 
 
55 BCE: Marcus Licinius Crassus is made consul for the second time and departs on campaign in Parthia.
 
44 BCE: Caesar becomes dictator for life. On the 'Ides of March' (15th) he is killed by conspirators including Brutus and Cassius. Octavian, son of Caesars niece Atia, is posthumously adopted as his heir.
 
43 BCE - 36 BCE: Second Roman Triumvirate: Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus (official approvement by Senate). Mass proscriptions including Cicero.
 
 
43 BCE: Roman statesman and orator Cicero dies.
 
42 BCE: Octavian and Antony defeat Republicans under Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi (Greece).
 
27 BCE: Octavian gets extraordinary powers by the Senate and given the name Augustus.
 
23 BCE: Augustus takes over most of the powers of the tribuni plebis.
 
22 BCE: The last censor is elected in Rome.
 
 
68 CE - 69 CE: Year of the Four Emperors: Civil war in Rome.
 
212 CE: Roman citizenship granted to all inhabitants of the empire.
 
285 CE: The Roman empire is split into the Western and Eastern Roman empires.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE

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