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30 BCE: Egypt becomes province of the Roman Empire.
30 BCE: Death of Cleopatra VII, end of the Ptolemaic Dynasty in Egypt.
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
269 CE: Zenobia invades and conquers Egypt.
285 CE: The Roman empire is split into the Western and Eastern Roman empires.
527 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Empire controls Egypt.
529 CE: Emperor Justinian closes the Temple of Isis at Philae, Egypt, effectively ending worship of the goddess.
640 CE: Arab invasion of Egypt; Memphis ruins used as source of stone for building cities of Fustat and Cairo.
641 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Christians and Arab Muslims fight for control of Alexandria and Egypt.
646 CE: The Arab Muslims conquer Egypt under Caliph Umar.
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