Roman Egypt Timeline

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Legend:

100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE  
 
30 BCE: Egypt becomes province of the Roman empire.
 
 
30 BCE: Death of Cleopatra VII, end of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt.
 
 
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
 
 
269 CE: Zenobia invades and conquers Egypt.
 
285 CE: The Roman empire is split into the Western and Eastern Roman empires.
 
 
527 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Empire controls Egypt.
 
 
529 CE: Emperor Justinian closes the Temple of Isis at Philae, Egypt, effectively ending worship of the goddess.
 
640 CE: Arab invasion of Egypt; Memphis ruins used as source of stone for building cities of Fustat and Cairo.
 
 
641 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Christians and Arab Muslims fight for control of Alexandria and Egypt.
 
 
646 CE: The Arab Muslims conquer Egypt under Caliph Umar.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE

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