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1600 BCE: Rhodes has significant contact with Minoan Crete.
1510 BCE: The traditional date Danaos builds a temple to Athena Lindia at Lindus on Rhodes.
1400 BCE: Rhodes has significant contact with the Mycenaean civilization.
689 BCE: Rhodes and Cretans found Gela in Sicily.
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
490 BCE: Rhodes comes under Persian rule.
412 BCE: Rhodes revolts against Athens and supports Sparta in the Peloponnesian War.
408 BCE: The various city-states of Rhodes form a single federal state.
408 BCE: The capital of Rhodes is moved from Lindos to Rhodes town.
395 BCE: Democracy is established on Rhodes.
342 BCE: Fire destroys the 6th century BCE temple to Athena at Lindos, Rhodes and is replaced by a new one.
305 BCE - 304 BCE: Demetrius I unsuccessfully lays siege to Rhodes.
292 BCE - 280 BCE: The Colossus of Rhodes, a representation of Helios, is built in Rhodes town harbour, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
228 BCE - 226 BCE: The Colossus of Rhodes is toppled by an earthquake.
206 BCE - 204 BCE: Crete is at war with Rhodes.
197 BCE: Samos comes under the jurisdiction of Rhodes.
189 BCE: The treaty of Apameea Kibotos. Peace and alliance is established between the Seleucid Kingdom and Rome joined by her allies, such as Pergamon and Rhodes. The Seleucids have to evacuate all the land and the cities from Asia Minor and to pay a huge war indemnity.
189 BCE: Rome gives control of Lycia to Rhodes.
164 BCE: Leonidas of Rhodes wins the first of his 12 Olympic crowns in runnning events in four successive Olymic Games.
155 BCE - 153 BCE: Crete is at war with Rhodes for a second time.
88 BCE: Rhodes is beseiged by Mithradates VI.
43 BCE: Rhodes is sacked by Cassius Longinus.
6 BCE: Tiberius' begins self-exile on Rhodes.
654 CE: Byzantine Crete, Kos and Rhodes fall to the Arab Caliphate.
654 CE: According to Theophanes, a Jewish merchant transports the pieces of the fallen Colossus of Rhodes to Edessa for melting down.