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632 CE - 634 CE: Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph (successor to Muhammad) of the Rashidun Caliphate.
634 CE - 644 CE: 'Umar ibn al-Khattab succeeds Abu Bakr, becoming the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
634 CE: Battle of Ajnadayn; a decisive victory for the Rashidun Caliphate.
634 CE: Damascus falls to the Rashidun Caliphate.
635 CE: Battle of Fahl; the forces of the Rashidun Caliphate defeat the Palestinean garrison of the Byzantine Empire.
636 CE: Battle of Yarmuk is fought between the Rashidun Caliphate and the Byzantine Empire.
636 CE: Rashidun forces defeat the Byzantines in the Battle of Yarmouk.
637 CE: Muslim invasion of the Levant. The Byzantines are driven out.
640 CE - 650 CE: The Rashidun Caliphate conquers Armenia.
642 CE: Byzantine Alexandria falls to the Rashidun Caliphate.
644 CE - 656 CE: 'Uthman ibn 'Affan succeeds Umar to become the third caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
649 CE: The Rashidun Caliphate attacks Byzantine Cyprus.
651 CE: Arab Rashidun Caliphate conquers the Sasanian Empire.
654 CE: Byzantine Crete, Kos and Rhodes fall to the Rashidun Caliphate.
656 CE - 661 CE: Ali ibn Abi Talib succeeds Uthman to become the fourth and final caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
659 CE: A peace treaty is signed between the Byzantine Empire and the Rashidun Caliphate.