Persian Literature Timeline

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  • c. 522 BCE
    Behistun Inscription of Darius I; considered the first example of Persian literature.
  • 330 BCE
    Literature of the Achaemenid Empire lost in its conquest by Alexander the Great and the burning of library of Persepolis.
  • 224 CE - 651 CE
    Middle Persian dialect in use during the period of the Sassanian Empire; written literature develops in response to religious texts.
  • 651 CE
    Sassanian Empire falls to invading Muslim Arabs; Zoroastrian texts and Sassanian literary works destroyed.
  • 750 CE - 1258 CE
    Persian literature and culture revive under the Abbasid Dynasty.
  • 819 CE - 999 CE
    Persian literature flourishes under the Samanid Dynasty which encourages some its greatest poets.
  • 859 CE - c. 940 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Rudaki, "the father of Persian Literature".
  • c. 935 CE - 977 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Daqiqi who makes first attempt at writing the Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings.
  • c. 940 CE - 1020 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Ferdowsi, author of the literary masterpiece Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings.
  • 1048 CE - 1131 CE
    Life of the Persian mathematician, scientist, scholar, and poet Omar Khayyam.
  • 1080 CE - c. 1131 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Sanai, author of The Walled Garden of Truth.
  • c. 1141 CE - 1209 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Nizami.
  • c. 1145 CE - c. 1220 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Attar.
  • 1207 CE - 1273 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Rumi, considered one of the greatest literary artists in the world.
  • 1210 CE - c. 1291 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Saadi.
  • 1315 CE - 1390 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Hafiz Shiraz, considered the greatest Persian poet and among the greatest in the world.

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600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE 1100 CE 1200 CE 1300 CE  
 
522 BCE: Behistun Inscription of Darius I; considered the first example of Persian literature.
 
 
330 BCE: Literature of the Achaemenid Empire lost in its conquest by Alexander the Great and the burning of library of Persepolis.
 
224 CE - 651 CE: Middle Persian dialect in use during the period of the Sassanian Empire; written literature develops in response to religious texts.
 
 
651 CE: Sassanian Empire falls to invading Muslim Arabs; Zoroastrian texts and Sassanian literary works destroyed.
 
750 CE - 1258 CE: Persian literature and culture revive under the Abbasid Dynasty.
 
819 CE - 999 CE: Persian literature flourishes under the Samanid Dynasty which encourages some its greatest poets.
 
859 CE - 940 CE: Life of the Persian poet Rudaki, "the father of Persian Literature".
 
935 CE - 977 CE: Life of the Persian poet Daqiqi who makes first attempt at writing the Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings.
 
940 CE - 1020 CE: Life of the Persian poet Ferdowsi, author of the literary masterpiece Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings.
 
1048 CE - 1131 CE: Life of the Persian mathematician, scientist, scholar, and poet Omar Khayyam.
 
1080 CE - 1131 CE: Life of the Persian poet Sanai, author of The Walled Garden of Truth.
 
1141 CE - 1209 CE: Life of the Persian poet Nizami.
 
1145 CE - 1220 CE: Life of the Persian poet Attar.
 
1207 CE - 1273 CE: Life of the Persian poet Rumi, considered one of the greatest literary artists in the world.
 
1210 CE - 1291 CE: Life of the Persian poet Saadi.
 
1315 CE - 1390 CE: Life of the Persian poet Hafiz Shiraz, considered the greatest Persian poet and among the greatest in the world.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE 600 CE 800 CE 1000 CE 1200 CE

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