Persia Timeline

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1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE  
 
1000 BCE: Scythians migrate from Persia into the Asian steppes.
 
553 BCE: Cyrus the Great successfully rebels against the Medes and establishes the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
 
 
546 BCE: Persia controls Lycia.
 
 
539 BCE: Fall of Babylon, conquered by Cyrus of Persia. Return of the Jews.
 
 
530 BCE: Persia conquers the Indus Valley.
 
530 BCE - 522 BCE: Reign of Cambyses II of Persia.
 
 
525 BCE - 404 BCE: Persia conquers Egypt.
 
 
525 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia takes the city of Pelusium, conquers Egypt.
 
 
525 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia invades Egypt and uses Bastet's image to force Egyptian surrender at the Battle of Pelusium.
 
 
525 BCE - 522 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia rules Egypt and leads campaign to Nubia.
 
522 BCE: Darius I (Darius the Great) succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Cambyses II.
 
520 BCE: Darius I of Persia fights the Scythians (not very successfully).
 
 
520 BCE: Darius of Persia links the Nile and the Red Sea by a canal.
 
 
515 BCE: Darius I moves the capital of Persia from Pasargadae to Persepolis.
 
513 BCE - 512 BCE: Darius I of Persia campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
 
 
513 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Asia Minor, Miltiades becomes Persian vassal.
 
 
499 BCE: Ionian Greek colonies of Asia Minor revolt against Persia; Miltiades supports them.
 
492 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Greece.
 
 
490 BCE: Athens builds a treasury at Delphi following their victory at Marathon against Persia.
 
486 BCE: Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
 
485 BCE - 465 BCE: Reign of Xerxes I (the Great) of Persia.
 
 
485 BCE: Babylon is destroyed by Xerxes, King of Persia.
 
480 BCE: Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
 
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet led by Themistocles defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
 
 
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
 
478 BCE: Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
 
449 BCE: Peace is agreed on by Athens and Persia, sometimes referred to as the Peace of Callias.
 
449 BCE - 448 BCE: Peace between Greece and Persia.
 
448 BCE: Ionian cities become independent from Persia.
 
412 BCE: Sparta allies with Persia.
 
401 BCE: Retreat from Persia of Xenophon and the ten thousand mercenaries.
 
380 BCE - 330 BCE: Life of Darius III of Persia.
 
333 BCE: Battle of Issus. Alexander is victorious against Darius III of Persia.
 
 
331 BCE - 323 BCE: Jordan taken by Alexander the Great in his conquest of Persia.
 
330 BCE: Death of Darius III and end of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
 
317 BCE: Demetrius I commands his father’s cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in Persia.
 
224 CE - 240 CE: Reign of Ardashir I, who reformed the Persia by centralizing power, making Zoroastrianism state religion, and rivalling Rome.
 
 
387 CE: Roman emperor Theodosius I and Shapur III of Persia agree to formally divide Armenia between the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sasanian Empire.
 
 
428 CE - 652 CE: Persia rules one half of Armenia as the Marzpanate, that is with marzpan viceroys.
 
 
484 CE: The Treaty of Nvarsak is signed between Persia and Armenia giving the latter a greater political autonomy and freedom of religious thought.
 
 
505 CE - 507 CE: Byzantine emperor Anastasios I builds a new fortress at Anastasiopolis (Dara) on the frontier with Persia.
 
 
562 CE: Artashat in Armenia is confirmed as an official trading post between Persia and the Byzantine Empire.
 
607 CE - 627 CE: East Rome defeats Sasanian Persia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1000 BCE 800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE

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