Persia Timeline

Search Results

Visual Timeline

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

7500 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
 
7200 BCE: Elamite community of Chogha Bonut established.
 
4395 BCE: City of Susa founded in region of ancient Persia.
 
3000 BCE: Aryan tribes of Indo-Iranians migrate to the region, among them are Persians.
 
1500 BCE - 1000 BCE: Development of the religion of Zoroastrianism in region of ancient Persia.
 
1000 BCE: Scythians migrate from Persia into the Asian steppes.
 
750 BCE: Persians migrate into Iran from Asia.
 
727 BCE - 675 BCE: Medes unite during the reign of their king Dayukku (aka Deioces).
 
675 BCE - 640 BCE: Persians settle in Persis during the reign of their king Thiepes.
 
553 BCE: Cyrus the Great successfully rebels against the Medes and establishes the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
 
550 BCE: Cyrus the Great of Persia founds the Achaemenid Empire.
 
550 BCE - 330 BCE: The Persian Achaemenid Empire reigns over Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, and Egypt.
 
 
550 BCE - 530 BCE: Achaemenid Army organized under Cyrus the Great of Persia based on Cyaxares' model.
 
 
550 BCE - 330 BCE: The Corps of the Ten Thousand Immortals is formed during the reign of Cyrus the Great of Persia.
 
550 BCE - 330 BCE: Achaemenid Empire of Persia refines the earlier system of satraps.
 
 
546 BCE: Persia controls Lycia.
 
 
539 BCE: Fall of Babylon, conquered by Cyrus of Persia. Return of the Jews.
 
530 BCE - 522 BCE: Reign of Cambyses II of Persia.
 
 
530 BCE: Persia conquers the Indus Valley.
 
 
525 BCE - 404 BCE: Persia conquers Egypt.
 
 
525 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia invades Egypt and uses Bastet's image to force Egyptian surrender at the Battle of Pelusium.
 
 
525 BCE - 522 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia rules Egypt and leads campaign to Nubia.
 
 
525 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia takes the city of Pelusium, conquers Egypt.
 
522 BCE: Darius I (Darius the Great) succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Cambyses II.
 
 
522 BCE - 486 BCE: The Immortals serve under the reign of Darius I The Great of Persia.
 
 
520 BCE: Darius of Persia links the Nile and the Red Sea by a canal.
 
520 BCE: Darius I of Persia fights the Scythians (not very successfully).
 
 
515 BCE: Darius I moves the capital of Persia from Pasargadae to Persepolis.
 
513 BCE - 512 BCE: Darius I of Persia campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
 
 
513 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Asia Minor, Miltiades becomes Persian vassal.
 
 
499 BCE: Ionian Greek colonies of Asia Minor revolt against Persia; Miltiades supports them.
 
492 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Greece.
 
 
490 BCE: Athens builds a treasury at Delphi following their victory at Marathon against Persia.
 
486 BCE: Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
 
 
486 BCE - 465 BCE: The Immortals serve under the reign of Xerxes I of Persia; notably in his 480 BCE invasion of Greece.
 
 
485 BCE: Babylon is destroyed by Xerxes, King of Persia.
 
485 BCE - 465 BCE: Reign of Xerxes I (the Great) of Persia.
 
480 BCE: Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
 
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet led by Themistocles defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
 
 
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
 
478 BCE: Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
 
449 BCE: Peace is agreed on by Athens and Persia, sometimes referred to as the Peace of Callias.
 
449 BCE - 448 BCE: Peace between Greece and Persia.
 
448 BCE: Ionian cities become independent from Persia.
 
412 BCE: Sparta allies with Persia.
 
401 BCE: Retreat from Persia of Xenophon and the ten thousand mercenaries.
 
380 BCE - 330 BCE: Life of Darius III of Persia.
 
 
336 BCE - 330 BCE: The Immortals continue to serve under the reign of Darius III of Persia.
 
333 BCE: Battle of Issus. Alexander is victorious against Darius III of Persia.
 
 
331 BCE - 323 BCE: Jordan taken by Alexander the Great in his conquest of Persia.
 
330 BCE: Death of Darius III and end of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
 
330 BCE: Persian Achaemenid Empire falls to Alexander the Great.
 
317 BCE: Demetrius I commands his father's cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in Persia.
 
312 BCE - 63 BCE: The Seleucid Empire replaces the Achaemenid Empire.
 
247 BCE - 224 BCE: Parthia replaces the Seleucid Empire.
 
224 BCE - 651 CE: The Sassanian Empire replaces the Parthian Empire.
 
224 CE - 240 CE: Reign of Ardashir I, who reformed the Persia by centralizing power, making Zoroastrianism state religion, and rivalling Rome.
 
 
387 CE: Roman emperor Theodosius I and Shapur III of Persia agree to formally divide Armenia between the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sasanian Empire.
 
 
428 CE - 652 CE: Persia rules one half of Armenia as the Marzpanate, that is with marzpan viceroys.
 
 
484 CE: The Treaty of Nvarsak is signed between Persia and Armenia giving the latter a greater political autonomy and freedom of religious thought.
 
 
505 CE - 507 CE: Byzantine emperor Anastasios I builds a new fortress at Anastasiopolis (Dara) on the frontier with Persia.
 
 
562 CE: Artashat in Armenia is confirmed as an official trading post between Persia and the Byzantine Empire.
 
607 CE - 627 CE: East Rome defeats Sasanian Persia.
 
 
651 CE: Sassanian Empire conquered during the Muslim Arab invasion of the 7th century CE.
 
 
1253 CE - 1260 CE: A Mongol army led by Hulegu invades Persia and the Middle East.
 
 
1256 CE: The Mongols defeat the Ismailis (aka the Assassins) in Persia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7500 BCE 6500 BCE 5500 BCE 4500 BCE 3500 BCE 2500 BCE 1500 BCE 500 BCE 500 CE

Timeline Search

Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for.

Remove Ads

Advertisement