Peloponnese Timeline

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6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE  
 
6000 BCE - 5000 BCE: First inhabitation of the Nemean valley.
 
5000 BCE: Earliest Neolithic finds in the Corinth area.
 
3000 BCE: First settlement at Tiryns.
 
3000 BCE - 2000 BCE: First inhabitation of Mycenae area.
 
 
2100 BCE: First evidence of building structures at Mycenae.
 
2000 BCE: Early Greeks settle the Peloponnese.
 
1600 BCE: First construction stages of the Tiryns citadel.
 
 
1550 BCE: Gold death masks (including that of 'Agamemnon') made at Mycenae.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1200 BCE: Mycenae at its peak of influence.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1400 BCE: First palace structure and Treasury of Atreus tomb built at Mycenae.
 
 
1450 BCE: Mycenaen influence extended to Knossos, Crete.
 
 
1450 BCE: Development of the Linear B script.
 
 
1400 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean fortifications, palaces and tombs constructed at Argos.
 
 
1400 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean palace architecture at Tiryns.
 
 
1400 BCE - 1100 BCE: Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
 
1300 BCE - 1200 BCE: Mycenaean Tiryns is at the height of its importance.
 
 
1300 BCE: First palace destroyed at Mycenae and repaired, Lion Gate added and fortifications extended.
 
1200 BCE: Earthquake severely damages Tiryns.
 
 
1200 BCE: Second palace destroyed at Mycenae, city begins to decline.
 
 
1200 BCE - 1100 BCE: Argos takes over from Mycenae as most important regional power in the Argolid.
 
 
900 BCE: Sparta is founded.
 
700 BCE - 600 BCE: King Phiedon leads Argos to its greatest expansion.
 
 
700 BCE: Corinthians adopt the trireme from the Phoenicians.
 
 
700 BCE: Sparta, Argos and Paros hold the first documented musical competitions in Greece.
 
 
657 BCE - 585 BCE: The Kypselidai are tyrants of Corinth.
 
650 BCE: Sparta crushes Messenian revolt.
 
 
627 BCE - 587 BCE: Periander is tyrant at Corinth.
 
 
625 BCE: Black-figure pottery created in Corinth.
 
 
600 BCE - 700 BCE: Tiryns becomes a cult centre for the worship of Hera, Athena, and Herakles.
 
 
585 BCE: An oligarchy of 80 takes power at Corinth.
 
 
580 BCE: First athletic games at Isthmia.
 
580 BCE: The kouroi of Argos thought to represent Cleobis & Biton are sculpted.
 
 
573 BCE: First athletic games at Nemea in honour of Zeus.
 
 
550 BCE - 366 BCE: Peloponnesian League alliance between Sparta, Corinth, Elis and Tegea which establishes Spartan hegemony over the Peloponnese.
 
 
550 BCE: The temple of Apollo is constructed at Corinth.
 
 
494 BCE - 493 BCE: Spartan forces under Cleomenes I attack the city of Argos.
 
 
494 BCE - 493 BCE: Telesilla of Argos defends her city against the Spartan forces with an army of women.
 
490 BCE: Leonidas beomes one of Sparta's two kings.
 
478 BCE: Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
 
 
468 BCE: Tiryns is destroyed by the Argeians.
 
 
468 BCE: Argeians destroy citadel of Mycenae.
 
460 BCE - 445 BCE: First Peloponnesian War.
 
456 BCE - 455 BCE: Athenians spread their power in northern Peloponnese.
 
 
432 BCE: Sparta declares that Athens has broken the Thirty Year Peace and prepares for war.
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
 
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
 
 
429 BCE: Peloponnesian forces led by Sparta begin the siege of Plataea.
 
425 BCE: Pylos campaign, under Cleon and Demosthenes' command Athens defeats Sparta at Pylos.
 
 
424 BCE: Spartan general Brasidas takes Amphipolis, Thucydides failed to prevent this and is exiled.
 
424 BCE: A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the Peloponnese.
 
418 BCE: Sparta, led by Agis II, defeats Argos and her allies at the battle of Mantinaea.
 
415 BCE - 330 BCE: Nemean Games relocated to Argos.
 
412 BCE: Sparta allies with Persia.
 
 
410 BCE: Alcibiades leads the Athenian fleet to victory over Sparta at Cyzicus.
 
 
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
 
 
395 BCE - 386 BCE: The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
 
390 BCE: Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near Corinth.
 
 
382 BCE - 379 BCE: Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
 
375 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
 
 
371 BCE: Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuctra.
 
362 BCE: Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
 
338 BCE: Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
 
 
330 BCE - 300 BCE: Extensive building programme at Nemea funded by the Macedonians.
 
 
330 BCE: Athletic Games return from Argos to Nemea.
 
 
330 BCE: Temple of Zeus built at Nemea.
 
 
280 BCE: Founding of the Achaean League in the Peloponnese of Greece.
 
 
269 BCE: Nemean Games definitively moved to Argos.
 
 
243 BCE: Corinth joins the Archaean League.
 
 
235 BCE: Megelopolis joins the Achaean League.
 
225 BCE: Macedonians bring an army across the Isthmus to face another Achaian force trying to take Corinth.
 
 
222 BCE: The Achaean League and Antigonos III of Macedon defeat Sparta at Sellasia.
 
 
191 BCE: The Achaean League signs a treaty of alliance with Rome.
 
 
146 BCE: Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
 
 
146 BCE: Open war breaks out between Rome and the Achaean League.
 
 
44 BCE: Julius Caesar founds the Roman colony of Corinth.
 
 
67 CE: Under Nero excavation of the Corinth Canal begins but is abandoned after three months.
 
267 CE: The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
 
 
393 CE: Roman Emperor Theodosius definitively ends all pagan Games in Greece.
 
396 CE: Corinth burned by the Visigoths under Alaric.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE

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