Ottoman Empire Timeline

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  • 1299 CE - 1326 CE
    Reign of Osman I.
  • 1326 CE
    Prusa (Bursa) falls to Ottoman control shortly after Osman's death; it becomes the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1326 CE - 1362 CE
    Reign of Orhan, as the second sovereign of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1361 CE
    Adrianople (Edirne) falls to Prince Murad, the son of Orhan, later Murad I.
  • 1362 CE - 1389 CE
    Murad I rules as the sovereign of the Ottoman Empire and brands himself as a sultan.
  • 1389 CE
    Murad I defeats a European coalition army led by the Serbians at the Battle of Kosovo but dies at the climax of battle.
  • 1389 CE - 1402 CE
    Bayezid I rules as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 25 Sep 1396 CE
    The Battle of Nicopolis, aka the Nicopolis Crusade, where a western Christian army is defeated by the Ottoman Turks.
  • 1402 CE
    Bayezid I is defeated by the forces of Timur at the Battle of Ankara and is captured.
  • 1402 CE - 1413 CE
    Ottoman Interregnum; Mehmed I emerges victorious.
  • 1421 CE - 1451 CE
    Reign of Murad II.
  • 10 Nov 1444 CE
    Murad II resumes defeats Crusader forces at the Battle of Varna.
  • 1451 CE - 1481 CE
    Mehmed II rules as the Sultan.
  • 29 May 1453 CE
    Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II sacks Constantinople.
  • 1475 CE - 1783 CE
    Crimean Tatars serve as vassals to the Ottomans.
  • 1481 CE - 1512 CE
    Reign of Bayezid II.
  • 1512 CE
    Selim I deposes his father Bayezid II.
  • 1512 CE - 1520 CE
    Reign of Selim I; the Ottoman Empire doubles in size.
  • 1514 CE
    Battle of Chaldiron; Selim I defeats the army of the Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  • 1516 CE - 1517 CE
    Selim I conquers the Mamluk Sultanate, taking Syria, Palestine, Hejaz and Egypt. Ottoman Sultanate declares itself as a Caliphate.
  • 1520 CE - 1566 CE
    Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent.
  • 1521 CE
    Belgrade falls to the Ottomans.
  • 1523 CE
    Suleiman conquers Rhodes.
  • 1526 CE
    Battle of Mohacs; Suleiman I defeats the Hungarian field army under Louis II.
  • 1529 CE
    Ottomans fail to take Vienna.
  • 1566 CE
    Suleiman I dies while campaigning in Hungary.
  • 1566 CE - 1574 CE
    Reign of Selim II.
  • 1570 CE
    Ottomans conquer Cyprus.
  • 1571 CE
    Battle of Lepanto; the Ottoman navy is defeated by the Holy League.
  • 1596 CE - 1609 CE
    Celali revolts throughout Anatolia.
  • 1669 CE
    Crete falls to the Ottoman Sultanate.
  • 1683 CE
    Ottomans fail to take Vienna for the second time.
  • 1699 CE
    Treaty of Karlowitz.
  • 1789 CE - 1807 CE
    Reign of Selim III.
  • 1826 CE
    Conservative Jannisary corps are disbanded.
  • 1839 CE - 1876 CE
    Tanzimat reforms are introduced.
  • 1876 CE - 1878 CE
    First Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1876 CE - 1909 CE
    Reign of Abdul Hamid II.
  • 1908 CE - 1920 CE
    Second Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1909 CE
    Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks party.
  • 1914 CE - 1923 CE
    Armenian population of Anatolia is subjected to genocide.
  • 1918 CE
    The Ottoman Empire is defeated in World War I.
  • 1922 CE - 1924 CE
    Abdulmejid II serves the office of the Caliphate only, as a symbolic figure.
  • 1923 CE
    The Republic of Turkey declares independence under Mustafa Kemal.
  • 1924 CE
    Mustafa Kemal abolishes the institute of Caliphate.

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Legend:

1200 CE 1300 CE 1400 CE 1500 CE 1600 CE 1700 CE 1800 CE 1900 CE  
 
1299 CE - 1326 CE: Reign of Osman I.
 
 
1326 CE: Prusa (Bursa) falls to Ottoman control shortly after Osman's death; it becomes the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
 
1326 CE - 1362 CE: Reign of Orhan, as the second sovereign of the Ottoman Empire.
 
 
1361 CE: Adrianople (Edirne) falls to Prince Murad, the son of Orhan, later Murad I.
 
1362 CE - 1389 CE: Murad I rules as the sovereign of the Ottoman Empire and brands himself as a sultan.
 
 
1389 CE: Murad I defeats a European coalition army led by the Serbians at the Battle of Kosovo but dies at the climax of battle.
 
1389 CE - 1402 CE: Bayezid I rules as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
 
 
1396 CE: The Battle of Nicopolis, aka the Nicopolis Crusade, where a western Christian army is defeated by the Ottoman Turks.
 
1402 CE: Bayezid I is defeated by the forces of Timur at the Battle of Ankara and is captured.
 
 
1402 CE - 1413 CE: Ottoman Interregnum; Mehmed I emerges victorious.
 
1421 CE - 1451 CE: Reign of Murad II.
 
1444 CE: Murad II resumes defeats Crusader forces at the Battle of Varna.
 
1451 CE - 1481 CE: Mehmed II rules as the Sultan.
 
 
1453 CE: Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II sacks Constantinople.
 
1475 CE - 1783 CE: Crimean Tatars serve as vassals to the Ottomans.
 
1481 CE - 1512 CE: Reign of Bayezid II.
 
1512 CE: Selim I deposes his father Bayezid II.
 
 
1512 CE - 1520 CE: Reign of Selim I; the Ottoman Empire doubles in size.
 
1514 CE: Battle of Chaldiron; Selim I defeats the army of the Safavid Shah Ismail I.
 
 
1516 CE - 1517 CE: Selim I conquers the Mamluk Sultanate, taking Syria, Palestine, Hejaz and Egypt. Ottoman Sultanate declares itself as a Caliphate.
 
1520 CE - 1566 CE: Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent.
 
1521 CE: Belgrade falls to the Ottomans.
 
1523 CE: Suleiman conquers Rhodes.
 
1526 CE: Battle of Mohacs; Suleiman I defeats the Hungarian field army under Louis II.
 
1529 CE: Ottomans fail to take Vienna.
 
 
1566 CE: Suleiman I dies while campaigning in Hungary.
 
1566 CE - 1574 CE: Reign of Selim II.
 
1570 CE: Ottomans conquer Cyprus.
 
1571 CE: Battle of Lepanto; the Ottoman navy is defeated by the Holy League.
 
1596 CE - 1609 CE: Celali revolts throughout Anatolia.
 
1669 CE: Crete falls to the Ottoman Sultanate.
 
1683 CE: Ottomans fail to take Vienna for the second time.
 
 
1699 CE: Treaty of Karlowitz.
 
1789 CE - 1807 CE: Reign of Selim III.
 
1826 CE: Conservative Jannisary corps are disbanded.
 
 
1839 CE - 1876 CE: Tanzimat reforms are introduced.
 
 
1876 CE - 1878 CE: First Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire.
 
1876 CE - 1909 CE: Reign of Abdul Hamid II.
 
1908 CE - 1920 CE: Second Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire.
 
1909 CE: Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks party.
 
 
1914 CE - 1923 CE: Armenian population of Anatolia is subjected to genocide.
 
1918 CE: The Ottoman Empire is defeated in World War I.
 
1922 CE - 1924 CE: Abdulmejid II serves the office of the Caliphate only, as a symbolic figure.
 
 
1923 CE: The Republic of Turkey declares independence under Mustafa Kemal.
 
1924 CE: Mustafa Kemal abolishes the institute of Caliphate.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1200 CE 1300 CE 1400 CE 1500 CE 1600 CE 1700 CE 1800 CE

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