Olympia Timeline

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  • c. 1900 BCE
    First evidence of settlement at Olympia.
  • 776 BCE
    First athletic games in honour of Zeus are held at Olympia with one event, the stadion foot race.
  • 650 BCE - 600 BCE
    Heraion, temple dedicated to Hera built at Olympia.
  • c. 460 BCE - 457 BCE
    Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Phidias.
  • c. 460 BCE
    The west pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia is decorated with a Centauromachy of centaurs fighting Lapiths at the wedding of Peirithoos.
  • c. 457 BCE
    Metopes on the Temple of Zeus at Olympia depict the twelve labours of Hercules.
  • c. 430 BCE
    The cult statue of Zeus by Phidias is dedicated in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • 424 BCE - 420 BCE
    The Nike of Paionios is erected at Olympia to commemorate the Messenian and Naupaktian victory over Sparta at the battle of Sphakteria.
  • c. 338 BCE
    Philippeion built at Olympia by Philip II of Macedonia.
  • c. 67 CE
    Emperor Nero competes at the panhellenic Games of Olympia and Delphi.
  • 150 CE
    Nymphaion fountain of Herodes Atticus built at Olympia.
  • 395 CE
  • 426 CE
    Emperor Theodosios II orders the destruction of Olympia.
  • 475 CE
    According to the Byzantine historian Zonaras, the statue of Zeus from Olympia is destroyed by a fire in Constantinople.
  • 522 CE - 551 CE
    Earthquakes destroy many of the buildings at Olympia.

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1900 BCE 1800 BCE 1700 BCE 1600 BCE 1500 BCE 1400 BCE 1300 BCE 1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE  
 
 
1900 BCE: First evidence of settlement at Olympia.
 
 
776 BCE: First athletic games in honour of Zeus are held at Olympia with one event, the stadion foot race.
 
 
650 BCE - 600 BCE: Heraion, temple dedicated to Hera built at Olympia.
 
 
460 BCE - 457 BCE: Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Phidias.
 
 
460 BCE: The west pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia is decorated with a Centauromachy of centaurs fighting Lapiths at the wedding of Peirithoos.
 
 
457 BCE: Metopes on the Temple of Zeus at Olympia depict the twelve labours of Hercules.
 
 
430 BCE: The cult statue of Zeus by Phidias is dedicated in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
 
 
424 BCE - 420 BCE: The Nike of Paionios is erected at Olympia to commemorate the Messenian and Naupaktian victory over Sparta at the battle of Sphakteria.
 
338 BCE: Philippeion built at Olympia by Philip II of Macedonia.
 
67 CE: Emperor Nero competes at the panhellenic Games of Olympia and Delphi.
 
150 CE: Nymphaion fountain of Herodes Atticus built at Olympia.
 
 
395 CE: The statue of Zeus at Olympia is removed to Constantinople.
 
 
426 CE: Emperor Theodosios II orders the destruction of Olympia.
 
 
475 CE: According to the Byzantine historian Zonaras, the statue of Zeus from Olympia is destroyed by a fire in Constantinople.
 
 
522 CE - 551 CE: Earthquakes destroy many of the buildings at Olympia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1900 BCE 1500 BCE 1100 BCE 700 BCE 300 BCE 100 CE

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