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912 BCE - 891 BCE: Reign of Adad Nirari II who revitalizes kingdom and secures borders.
912 BCE - 612 BCE: Reign of the Neo-Assyrian Empire in the Near East.
900 BCE - 800 BCE: Surviving sphinxes from the Assyrian civilization, usually placed as guards outside palaces.
884 BCE - 859 BCE: Rule of king Ashurnasirpal II of Assyria who moves capital from Ashur to Kalhu (Caleh).
853 BCE: Babylonian kings depend on Assyrian military support.
824 BCE - 811 BCE: Reign of King Shamshi Adad V under whose reign civil war erupts.
745 BCE - 727 BCE: Reign of Tiglath Pileser III who restructures government and military and expands empire.
729 BCE: Babylon is occupied by Assyrians.
727 BCE - 722 BCE: Reign of Shalmaneser V.
722 BCE - 705 BCE: Peak of the Assyrian empire under the reign of Sargon II.
722 BCE: Israel is conquered by Assyria.
705 BCE - 681 BCE: Reign of king Sennacherib of Assyria.
705 BCE: Sennacherib moves capital from Dur-Sharrukin to Nineveh.
701 BCE: King Sennacherib of Assyria sacks the city of Lachish in Judah but fails to take the capital Jerusalem.
681 BCE - 669 BCE: Reign of Esarhaddon who expands the empire.
676 BCE: Scythians and Mannaens attack Assyria.
671 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Assyria.
671 BCE: Second Egyptian Campaign, Assyrian army successfully captures Memphis and conquers Egypt.
668 BCE: Ashurbanipal succeeds his father as King of the Assyrian Empire.
668 BCE - 627 BCE: Reign of Ashurbanipal, the last great king of Assyria.
653 BCE: Egypt expels Assyrians.
648 BCE: War between Assyria and the Elamites.
627 BCE: Death of King Ashurbanipal.
627 BCE: Revolts break out following the death of Ashurbanipal, empire begins to fail.
612 BCE: Downfall of the Assyrian empire.
612 BCE: The great Assyrian cities of Ashur, Kalhu, and Nineveh are sacked and burned by the Medes, Babylonians, and Persian forces.