Neanderthal Timeline

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  • c. 2600000 BCE - c. 12000 BCE
    The Palaeolithic (or Old Stone Age) period, ranging from c. 2,6 million years ago until c. 12,000 years ago.
  • c. 2600000 BCE - c. 12000 BCE
    The Pleistocene epoch, ranging from c. 2,6 million years ago until c. 12,000 years ago. It is characterised by repeated cycles of glacials and interglacials.
  • c. 550000 BCE - c. 765000 BCE
    Estimated time of divergence between the branch that would develop into Neanderthals on the one hand and Denisovans on the other, and the branch that would lead to Homo sapiens.
  • c. 430000 BCE - c. 473000 BCE
    Estimated time of divergence of Neanderthals and Denisovans.
  • c. 45000 BCE
    Potential earliest arrival of Homo sapiens in Europe.
  • c. 40000 BCE - c. 30000 BCE
    Neanderthals disappear from the fossil record.
  • 26000 BCE
    Neanderthals become extinct in Spain, their last European area of settlement.

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