Mystras Timeline

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  • 1249 CE
    William II of Villehardouin founds Mystras.
  • 1259 CE
    Battle of Pelagonia: Manfred of Sicily and William II of Villehardouin are defeated by the Empire of Nicaea. William is forced to cede the castles of Mystras, Maina, and Monemvasia.
  • 1262 CE
    Mystras is retaken by the Byzantines.
  • c. 1289 CE
    The Byzantines move the provincial capital of the Morea from Monemvasia to Mystras.
  • 1349 CE - 1460 CE
    Mystras is the capital of the semi-autonomous Byzantine Despotate of the Morea.
  • 1361 CE
    Matthew Kantakouzenos moves to Mystras.
  • 1380 CE - 1383 CE
    Matthew Kantakouzenos rules as despot of the Morea.
  • 1383 CE - c. 1384 CE
    Rebellion of Demetrios Kantakouzenos against the Palaiologos Dynasty in the Morea.
  • 1383 CE - 1407 CE
    Theodore I Palaiologos reigns as despot of the Morea.
  • 1407 CE - 1443 CE
    Rule of Theodore II Palaiologos, despot of the Morea.
  • c. 1407 CE - 1452 CE
    George Gemistos Plethon lives at Mystras.
  • 1408 CE
    Visit of Manuel II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor, to Mystras.
  • 1415 CE
    Visit of Byzantine emperor Manuel II Palaiologos to Mystras.
  • 1449 CE
    Constantine XI Palaiologos is crowned as the last Byzantine emperor in Mystras.
  • 1460 CE - 1461 CE
    The Ottomans conquer the Despotate of the Morea.

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