Mongol Warfare Timeline

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  • 1205 CE
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1205 CE - 1255 CE
    Life of the Mongol military commander and grandson of Genghis Khan, Batu Khan.
  • 1206 CE - 1368 CE
    The Mongol Empire rules in Central and East Asia.
  • 1206 CE - 1227 CE
    Reign of Genghis Khan as the ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1209 CE
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1209 CE
    The Mongols attack the Tangut state of Xi Xia.
  • 1211 CE
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1212 CE - 1215 CE
    The Mongols attack Song China, sacking over 90 cities.
  • 1214 CE
    The Jurchen Jin state signs a short-lived peace treaty with the Mongol Empire and is obliged to pay tribute.
  • 1215 CE
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1215 CE
    The Mongols attack the Tangut state of Xi Xia.
  • 1215 CE
    The Mongols sack Beijing.
  • 1218 CE - 1220 CE
    The Mongols attack the Khwarazm Empire in Central Asia.
  • 1219 CE
    A Goryeo army allies with the Mongols to attack the Khitan in northern Korea.
  • 1221 CE
    The Mongols attack northern Afghanistan.
  • 1222 CE
    The Mongols defeat a Russian army at Kalka.
  • 1229 CE - 1241 CE
    Reign of Ogedei Khan as the ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1230 CE - 1231 CE
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin State.
  • 1231 CE - 1232 CE
    Ogedei Khan leads a Mongol invasion into Korea.
  • 1233 CE
    Kaifeng, capital of the Jurchen Jin State, falls after a lengthy siege by the Mongols.
  • Feb 1234 CE
    The Mongols attack and conquer the Jurchen Jin State in northern China.
  • 1235 CE
    The Mongols invade northern Iraq and western Asia
  • 1236 CE - 1242 CE
    Multiple Mongol armies attack western Asia, Russia, Poland, and Hungary.
  • 21 Dec 1237 CE
    The city of Ryazan (Riazan) is besieged and captured by the Mongols.
  • 23 Mar 1238 CE
    The Mongols capture the city of Torshok.
  • 1238 CE
    The Mongols invade Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia.
  • 7 Feb 1238 CE
    The Mongols capture the city of Vladimir.
  • 6 Dec 1240 CE
    The Mongols capture Kiev.
  • 9 Apr 1241 CE
    The Mongols defeat an army led by Henry the Pious, the Duke of Silesia, near Liegnitz (Legnica).
  • 10 Apr 1241 CE - 11 Apr 1241 CE
    The Mongols defeat an army led by Bela IV, king of Hungary, at the Battle of Mohi.
  • Dec 1241 CE
    The Mongols capture Buda and Pest.
  • Dec 1241 CE
    The Mongols capture the great city of Gran (Esztergom) in Hungary.
  • 1257 CE
    The Mongols invade Vietnam.
  • 1258 CE
    An uprising restores the monarchy in Korea and makes peace with the Mongol Empire.
  • 1260 CE - 1294 CE
    Reign of Kublai Khan, ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1260 CE - 1264 CE
    Kublai Khan fights a civil war with his brother Ariq Boke for control of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1262 CE
    Kublai Khan captures Karakorum after his rivalnAriq Boke (1219-1266 CE) used it as his base.
  • 1268 CE
    Kublai Khan resumes the Mongol attacks on Song Dynasty China.
  • 1270 CE
    Part of northern Korea is conquered by the Mongol Empire.
  • 1273 CE
    Xiangyang falls into Mongol hands.
  • 1275 CE - 1279 CE
    The Mongols led by Kublai Khan attack and conquer the last remnants of Song China.
  • 28 Mar 1276 CE
    Lin’an, the capital of the Song Dynasty, is captured by a Mongol army.
  • 1277 CE
    The Mongols invade Burma.
  • 19 Mar 1279 CE
    The Mongols complete their conquest of Song Dynasty China with victory at the naval battle at Yaishan.
  • 1281 CE
    The Mongols invade Vietnam for a second time.
  • 1286 CE
    The Mongols re-invade Vietnam.
  • 1287 CE
    The Mongols re-invade Burma.
  • 1292 CE
    A Mongol naval force attacks Java.

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1200 CE 1210 CE 1220 CE 1230 CE 1240 CE 1250 CE 1260 CE 1270 CE 1280 CE 1290 CE 1300 CE 1310 CE 1320 CE 1330 CE 1340 CE 1350 CE 1360 CE  
 
 
1205 CE: The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
 
1205 CE - 1255 CE: Life of the Mongol military commander and grandson of Genghis Khan, Batu Khan.
 
1206 CE - 1368 CE: The Mongol Empire rules in Central and East Asia.
 
 
1206 CE - 1227 CE: Reign of Genghis Khan as the ruler of the Mongol Empire.
 
 
1209 CE: The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
 
 
1209 CE: The Mongols attack the Tangut state of Xi Xia.
 
 
1211 CE: The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
 
 
1212 CE - 1215 CE: The Mongols attack Song China, sacking over 90 cities.
 
 
1214 CE: The Jurchen Jin state signs a short-lived peace treaty with the Mongol Empire and is obliged to pay tribute.
 
 
1215 CE: The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
 
 
1215 CE: The Mongols attack the Tangut state of Xi Xia.
 
 
1215 CE: The Mongols sack Beijing.
 
 
1218 CE - 1220 CE: The Mongols attack the Khwarazm Empire in Central Asia.
 
 
1219 CE: A Goryeo army allies with the Mongols to attack the Khitan in northern Korea.
 
 
1221 CE: The Mongols attack northern Afghanistan.
 
 
1222 CE: The Mongols defeat a Russian army at Kalka.
 
 
1229 CE - 1241 CE: Reign of Ogedei Khan as the ruler of the Mongol Empire.
 
 
1230 CE - 1231 CE: The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin State.
 
 
1231 CE - 1232 CE: Ogedei Khan leads a Mongol invasion into Korea.
 
 
1233 CE: Kaifeng, capital of the Jurchen Jin State, falls after a lengthy siege by the Mongols.
 
 
1234 CE: The Mongols attack and conquer the Jurchen Jin State in northern China.
 
 
1235 CE: The Mongols invade northern Iraq and western Asia
 
 
1236 CE - 1242 CE: Multiple Mongol armies attack western Asia, Russia, Poland, and Hungary.
 
 
1237 CE: The city of Ryazan (Riazan) is besieged and captured by the Mongols.
 
 
1238 CE: The Mongols capture the city of Torshok.
 
 
1238 CE: The Mongols invade Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia.
 
 
1238 CE: The Mongols capture the city of Vladimir.
 
 
1240 CE: The Mongols capture Kiev.
 
 
1241 CE: The Mongols defeat an army led by Henry the Pious, the Duke of Silesia, near Liegnitz (Legnica).
 
 
1241 CE: The Mongols defeat an army led by Bela IV, king of Hungary, at the Battle of Mohi.
 
 
1241 CE: The Mongols capture Buda and Pest.
 
 
1241 CE: The Mongols capture the great city of Gran (Esztergom) in Hungary.
 
 
1257 CE: The Mongols invade Vietnam.
 
 
1258 CE: An uprising restores the monarchy in Korea and makes peace with the Mongol Empire.
 
 
1260 CE - 1294 CE: Reign of Kublai Khan, ruler of the Mongol Empire.
 
 
1260 CE - 1264 CE: Kublai Khan fights a civil war with his brother Ariq Boke for control of the Mongol Empire.
 
 
1262 CE: Kublai Khan captures Karakorum after his rival Ariq Boke (1219-1266 CE) used it as his base.
 
 
1268 CE: Kublai Khan resumes the Mongol attacks on Song Dynasty China.
 
 
1270 CE: Part of northern Korea is conquered by the Mongol Empire.
 
 
1273 CE: Xiangyang falls into Mongol hands.
 
 
1275 CE - 1279 CE: The Mongols led by Kublai Khan attack and conquer the last remnants of Song China.
 
 
1276 CE: Lin’an, the capital of the Song Dynasty, is captured by a Mongol army.
 
 
1277 CE: The Mongols invade Burma.
 
 
1279 CE: The Mongols complete their conquest of Song Dynasty China with victory at the naval battle at Yaishan.
 
 
1281 CE: The Mongols invade Vietnam for a second time.
 
 
1286 CE: The Mongols re-invade Vietnam.
 
 
1287 CE: The Mongols re-invade Burma.
 
 
1292 CE: A Mongol naval force attacks Java.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1200 CE 1220 CE 1240 CE 1260 CE 1280 CE 1300 CE 1320 CE 1340 CE

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