Meroe Timeline

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  • c. 890 BCE
    First tomb built at Meroe.
  • 800 BCE
    Founding of the Kingdom of Meroe.
  • c. 590 BCE
    Meroe becomes capital of Kingdom of Kush after the fall of Napata. .
  • 590 BCE
    City of Napata sacked; Kushite capital moves to Meroe.
  • 295 BCE - 275 BCE
    Reign of King Ergamenes (Arakakamani) in Meroe.
  • c. 284 BCE - c. 314 CE
    Queens (Candaces) rule jointly with Kings in Meroe.
  • c. 284 BCE - c. 314 CE
    Female monarchs known as Candaces often rule the Kingdom of Kush from Meroe.
  • c. 284 BCE - c. 314 CE
    Royal women known as Candaces are influential or directly reign in Meroe. .
  • c. 205 BCE - c. 185 BCE
    Upper Egypt and Lower Nubia secede from the Ptolemaic Kingdom with the support of Meroe. Two Egyptians, Horwennefer and his successor Ankhwennefer are declared as Pharaoh in the now independent territories.
  • c. 170 BCE - c. 314 CE
    Female monarchs known as the Candaces of Meroe frequently reign independently in Meroe.
  • c. 170 BCE
    Shanakdakhete, Candace of Meroe, leads armies in battle. .
  • c. 40 BCE - c. 10 BCE
    Amanirenas, Candace of Meroe, reigns; concludes favorable peace with Rome.
  • 22 BCE
    Peace Treaty favoring Meroe signed with Rome.
  • c. 10 BCE - c. 1 CE
    Amanishakheto, Candace of Meroe, reigns.
  • c. 1 CE - c. 25 CE
    Amanitore, Candace of Meroe, reigns over the most prosperous era of the latter-day Kingdom of Kush.
  • c. 25 CE - c. 41 CE
    Amantitere, Candace of Meroe, reigns; most likely the Candace mentioned in the biblical Book of Acts.
  • c. 62 CE - c. 85 CE
    Amanikhatashan, Candace of Meroe, reigns. .
  • c. 266 CE - c. 283 CE
    Maleqorobar, Candace of Meroe, reigns.
  • c. 306 CE - c. 314 CE
    Lahideamani, Candace of Meroe, reigns.
  • 330 CE
    Invasion of Meroe by the Aksumites under King Ezana.
  • c. 330 CE
    Meroe is conquered by the Kingdom of Axum; Kingdom of Kush in decline.
  • c. 350 CE
    Meroe is abandoned; Kingdom of Kush has fallen.

Visual Timeline

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Legend:

900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE  
 
890 BCE: First tomb built at Meroe.
 
800 BCE: Founding of the Kingdom of Meroe.
 
 
590 BCE: Meroe becomes capital of Kingdom of Kush after the fall of Napata. .
 
 
590 BCE: City of Napata sacked; Kushite capital moves to Meroe.
 
295 BCE - 275 BCE: Reign of King Ergamenes (Arakakamani) in Meroe.
 
 
284 BCE - 314 CE: Queens (Candaces) rule jointly with Kings in Meroe.
 
 
284 BCE - 314 CE: Female monarchs known as Candaces often rule the Kingdom of Kush from Meroe.
 
 
284 BCE - 314 CE: Royal women known as Candaces are influential or directly reign in Meroe. .
 
 
205 BCE - 185 BCE: Upper Egypt and Lower Nubia secede from the Ptolemaic Kingdom with the support of Meroe. Two Egyptians, Horwennefer and his successor Ankhwennefer are declared as Pharaoh in the now independent territories.
 
 
170 BCE - 314 CE: Female monarchs known as the Candaces of Meroe frequently reign independently in Meroe.
 
 
170 BCE: Shanakdakhete, Candace of Meroe, leads armies in battle. .
 
 
40 BCE - 10 BCE: Amanirenas, Candace of Meroe, reigns; concludes favorable peace with Rome.
 
22 BCE: Peace Treaty favoring Meroe signed with Rome.
 
 
10 BCE - 1 CE: Amanishakheto, Candace of Meroe, reigns.
 
 
1 CE - 25 CE: Amanitore, Candace of Meroe, reigns over the most prosperous era of the latter-day Kingdom of Kush.
 
 
25 CE - 41 CE: Amantitere, Candace of Meroe, reigns; most likely the Candace mentioned in the biblical Book of Acts.
 
 
62 CE - 85 CE: Amanikhatashan, Candace of Meroe, reigns. .
 
 
266 CE - 283 CE: Maleqorobar, Candace of Meroe, reigns.
 
 
306 CE - 314 CE: Lahideamani, Candace of Meroe, reigns.
 
330 CE: Invasion of Meroe by the Aksumites under King Ezana.
 
 
330 CE: Meroe is conquered by the Kingdom of Axum; Kingdom of Kush in decline.
 
350 CE: Meroe is abandoned; Kingdom of Kush has fallen.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
900 BCE 700 BCE 500 BCE 300 BCE 100 BCE 100 CE

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