Medieval Castle Timeline

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  • 967 CE
    The castle of Baños de la Encina, Jaén, Spain is built by the Moors.
  • c. 1000 CE
    The tower keep is built at Ivry-la-Bataille Castle, Normandy, France.
  • c. 1000 CE
    The castle and tower keep of Langeais, central France, are built.
  • c. 1020 CE
    The tower keep of Loches Castle, central France, is built.
  • 1066 CE
    William the Conqueror begins construction of Dover Castle in southern England.
  • 1066 CE
    The Normans introduce motte and bailey castles to Britain.
  • 1067 CE - 1090 CE
    The Great Hall of Chepstow Castle is built.
  • 1068 CE
    Exeter Castle, Devon, England is built.
  • 1068 CE
    A motte and bailey castle is built at York, England.
  • 1068 CE
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Warwick, Warwickshire, England.
  • 1069 CE
    A second motte and bailey castle is built at York, England.
  • c. 1070 CE
    The Normans build the motte and bailey Pickering Castle, Yorkshire, England.
  • c. 1070 CE
    The tower keep of Chepstow Castle, Wales is built.
  • c. 1074 CE
    The tower keep is begun at Colchester Castle, Essex, England.
  • c. 1078 CE - c. 1100 CE
    The White Tower of the Tower of London is built.
  • 1080 CE
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Launceston, Cornwall, England.
  • 1080 CE
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Totnes, Devon, England.
  • 1087 CE - 1089 CE
    Construction of Rochester Castle in England is begun.
  • 1095 CE - 1115 CE
    The hall keep is added to Norwich Castle, Norfolk, England.
  • c. 1100 CE
    The motte and bailey Restormel Castle, Cornwall, England is built.
  • c. 1105 CE
    Corfe Castle, Dorset, England is built.
  • 1122 CE
    Carlisle Castle, Cumbria, England is built.
  • c. 1125 CE
    The tower keep of Arques Castle, Normandy, France is built by Henry I of England.
  • 1127 CE - 1136 CE
    The tower keep is built at Rochester Castle, England.
  • 1127 CE
    Construction begins of Scarborough Castle, Yorkshire, England
  • 1130 CE
    Etampes Castle is built, near Paris, France. The tower keep is circular on the outside and square inside.
  • 1131 CE
    The castle of Bari, southern Italy is built by Count Roger I.
  • 1136 CE
    The Knights Hospitaller are given the castle of Beth Gibelin, Jerusalem.
  • c. 1138 CE
    Castle Rising Castle, Norfolk, England is built.
  • c. 1138 CE
    The tower keep of Farnham Castle, Surrey, England is built.
  • c. 1142 CE
    A tower keep is added to Hedingham Castle, Essex, England.
  • 1144 CE
    The Knights Hospitaller acquire the castle of Krak des Chevaliers in Syria.
  • c. 1150 CE
    A stone shell keep is built at Cardiff Castle, Wales .
  • 1150 CE - 1175 CE
    The Caesar's Tower castle keep at Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, England is built.
  • 1157 CE - 1169 CE
    The tower keep of Scarborough Castle, Yorkshire, England is built.
  • 1157 CE
    The castle of Eltz, Germany is built by the counts of Eltz.
  • 1165 CE - 1173 CE
    Orford Castle, Suffolk, England is built and has a circular tower keep with attached rectangular turrets.
  • 1168 CE - 1178 CE
    A tower keep is added to Newcastle Castle, England.
  • c. 1170 CE - 1189 CE
    Henry II extends Dover Castle in southern England, adding outer walls and a keep.
  • c. 1170 CE
    Henry II builds the Round Tower of Windsor Castle, England.
  • 1174 CE
    The castle of Munzenberg, Hesse, Germany is built.
  • c. 1180 CE - 1205 CE
    Carrickfergus castle, Northern Ireland is built.
  • 1180 CE - 1190 CE
    The tower keep is built at Conisbrough Castle, Doncaster, England.
  • 1180 CE
    The Castle of the Counts of Flanders, Ghent, Belgium is built.
  • 1186 CE
    The Knights Hospitaller gain control of Marqab (Margat) castle in Syria.
  • c. 1190 CE
    Sir William Marshal rebuilds Chepstow Castle in Wales.
  • c. 1190 CE - 1200 CE
    The castle of Trim, the largest Anglo-Norman castle in Ireland is built.
  • 1198 CE
    Chateau Gaillard in Normandy, France is built by Richard I the Lionheart.
  • 1199 CE - 1219 CE
    Sir William Marshal adds a circular tower keep to Pembroke Castle, Wales.
  • c. 1200 CE
    The tower keep of Barnard Castle, County Durham, England is built.
  • 1202 CE
    An earthquake damages the castle of Krak des Chevaliers in Syria which is then rebuilt and enlarged by the Knights Hospitaller.
  • 1205 CE
    Philip II of France adds a tower keep to Chinon Castle, France.
  • 1206 CE
    A round tower keep is built into the curtain walls of Gisors, Normandy, France.
  • c. 1207 CE - c. 1214 CE
    King John adds towers to the walls of Dover Castle in southern England.
  • 1216 CE
    The castle of Calatrava la Nueva, Castile is built by the Order of Calatrava.
  • 1218 CE
    The Chastel Pélérin ("Pilgrim Castle") is built in Israel by the Knights Templar.
  • 1222 CE - 1235 CE
    The Great Hall of Winchester Castle is built.
  • 1223 CE
    Work is begun on Montgomery Castle, Wales by Hubert de Burgh.
  • c. 1225 CE
    A circular tower keep is built at Chateau de Coucy, northern France
  • 1230 CE - 1240 CE
    The curtain walls and round towers of Angers Castle, central France, are built by Louis IX.
  • 1233 CE
    Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II rebuilds the castle of Bari, southern Italy.
  • 1240 CE
    Dirleton Castle, East Lothian, Scotland is built with a massive circular tower keep.
  • 1245 CE
    Clifford's Tower shell keep is built at York, England on the site of a former motte and bailey castle.
  • 1250 CE - 1265 CE
    A double-towered gatehouse is added to Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England by Richard de Clare.
  • 1250 CE - 1260 CE
    The castle of Najac in southern France is built.
  • 1268 CE
    Construction of Caerphilly Castle in Wales is begun.
  • 1282 CE - 1289 CE
    Harlech Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1282 CE
    The Castel Nuovo of Naples, southern Italy is built by the Angevins.
  • 1283 CE
    Conwy Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1285 CE
    A new Great Hall is completed at Chepstow Castle.
  • c. 1287 CE - 1293 CE
    The Marten's Tower is added to Chepstow Castle, Wales.
  • 1290 CE
    The castle of Falkenberg, Bavaria, Germany is built.
  • c. 1295 CE
    Construction of Beaumaris Castle in Wales is begun by Edward I.
  • 1322 CE
    The Castle of Sarzanello, Pisa, Italy is built by Castruccio Castracane.
  • 1341 CE
    The Great Hall is built at Penshurst Castle, Kent, England.
  • c. 1350 CE
    The Caesar's Tower is built at Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England.
  • 1354 CE
    Scalliger Castle, Verona, Italy is built by Can Grande II della Scala.
  • 1380 CE
    The Castello della Rocca of Cesena, Italy is built.
  • 1385 CE
    The Castello d'Este, Ferrara, Italy is built.
  • 1385 CE
    Bodiam Castle in East Sussex, England is built.
  • 1390 CE - 1400 CE
    The castle of Pierrefonds, northern France is built by Louis D'Orleans.
  • 1412 CE
    The Castello Sforzesco, Milan - the largest castle in Italy - is built by Francesco Sforza.
  • 1450 CE
    The castle of Peñafiel, northern Spain is built.

Visual Timeline

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Legend:

960 CE 970 CE 980 CE 990 CE 1000 CE 1010 CE 1020 CE 1030 CE 1040 CE 1050 CE 1060 CE 1070 CE 1080 CE 1090 CE 1100 CE 1110 CE 1120 CE 1130 CE 1140 CE 1150 CE 1160 CE 1170 CE 1180 CE 1190 CE 1200 CE 1210 CE 1220 CE 1230 CE 1240 CE 1250 CE 1260 CE 1270 CE 1280 CE 1290 CE 1300 CE 1310 CE 1320 CE 1330 CE 1340 CE 1350 CE 1360 CE 1370 CE 1380 CE 1390 CE 1400 CE 1410 CE 1420 CE 1430 CE 1440 CE 1450 CE  
 
967 CE: The castle of Baños de la Encina, Jaén, Spain is built by the Moors.
 
1000 CE: The tower keep is built at Ivry-la-Bataille Castle, Normandy, France.
 
1000 CE: The castle and tower keep of Langeais, central France, are built.
 
1020 CE: The tower keep of Loches Castle, central France, is built.
 
 
1066 CE: William the Conqueror begins construction of Dover Castle in southern England.
 
 
1066 CE: The Normans introduce motte and bailey castles to Britain.
 
1067 CE - 1090 CE: The Great Hall of Chepstow Castle is built.
 
1068 CE: Exeter Castle, Devon, England is built.
 
1068 CE: A motte and bailey castle is built at York, England.
 
1068 CE: A motte and bailey castle is built at Warwick, Warwickshire, England.
 
1069 CE: A second motte and bailey castle is built at York, England.
 
1070 CE: The Normans build the motte and bailey Pickering Castle, Yorkshire, England.
 
1070 CE: The tower keep of Chepstow Castle, Wales is built.
 
1074 CE: The tower keep is begun at Colchester Castle, Essex, England.
 
1078 CE - 1100 CE: The White Tower of the Tower of London is built.
 
1080 CE: A motte and bailey castle is built at Launceston, Cornwall, England.
 
1080 CE: A motte and bailey castle is built at Totnes, Devon, England.
 
1087 CE - 1089 CE: Construction of Rochester Castle in England is begun.
 
1095 CE - 1115 CE: The hall keep is added to Norwich Castle, Norfolk, England.
 
1100 CE: The motte and bailey Restormel Castle, Cornwall, England is built.
 
1105 CE: Corfe Castle, Dorset, England is built.
 
1122 CE: Carlisle Castle, Cumbria, England is built.
 
 
1125 CE: The tower keep of Arques Castle, Normandy, France is built by Henry I of England.
 
1127 CE - 1136 CE: The tower keep is built at Rochester Castle, England.
 
1127 CE: Construction begins of Scarborough Castle, Yorkshire, England
 
1130 CE: Etampes Castle is built, near Paris, France. The tower keep is circular on the outside and square inside.
 
1131 CE: The castle of Bari, southern Italy is built by Count Roger I.
 
 
1136 CE: The Knights Hospitaller are given the castle of Beth Gibelin, Jerusalem.
 
1138 CE: Castle Rising Castle, Norfolk, England is built.
 
1138 CE: The tower keep of Farnham Castle, Surrey, England is built.
 
1142 CE: A tower keep is added to Hedingham Castle, Essex, England.
 
 
1144 CE: The Knights Hospitaller acquire the castle of Krak des Chevaliers in Syria.
 
1150 CE: A stone shell keep is built at Cardiff Castle, Wales .
 
1150 CE - 1175 CE: The Caesar's Tower castle keep at Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, England is built.
 
1157 CE - 1169 CE: The tower keep of Scarborough Castle, Yorkshire, England is built.
 
1157 CE: The castle of Eltz, Germany is built by the counts of Eltz.
 
1165 CE - 1173 CE: Orford Castle, Suffolk, England is built and has a circular tower keep with attached rectangular turrets.
 
1168 CE - 1178 CE: A tower keep is added to Newcastle Castle, England.
 
 
1170 CE - 1189 CE: Henry II extends Dover Castle in southern England, adding outer walls and a keep.
 
1170 CE: Henry II builds the Round Tower of Windsor Castle, England.
 
1174 CE: The castle of Munzenberg, Hesse, Germany is built.
 
1180 CE - 1205 CE: Carrickfergus castle, Northern Ireland is built.
 
1180 CE - 1190 CE: The tower keep is built at Conisbrough Castle, Doncaster, England.
 
1180 CE: The Castle of the Counts of Flanders, Ghent, Belgium is built.
 
 
1186 CE: The Knights Hospitaller gain control of Marqab (Margat) castle in Syria.
 
1190 CE: Sir William Marshal rebuilds Chepstow Castle in Wales.
 
1190 CE - 1200 CE: The castle of Trim, the largest Anglo-Norman castle in Ireland is built.
 
1198 CE: Chateau Gaillard in Normandy, France is built by Richard I the Lionheart.
 
1199 CE - 1219 CE: Sir William Marshal adds a circular tower keep to Pembroke Castle, Wales.
 
1200 CE: The tower keep of Barnard Castle, County Durham, England is built.
 
 
1202 CE: An earthquake damages the castle of Krak des Chevaliers in Syria which is then rebuilt and enlarged by the Knights Hospitaller.
 
1205 CE: Philip II of France adds a tower keep to Chinon Castle, France.
 
1206 CE: A round tower keep is built into the curtain walls of Gisors, Normandy, France.
 
 
1207 CE - 1214 CE: King John adds towers to the walls of Dover Castle in southern England.
 
1216 CE: The castle of Calatrava la Nueva, Castile is built by the Order of Calatrava.
 
1218 CE: The Chastel Pélérin ("Pilgrim Castle") is built in Israel by the Knights Templar.
 
1222 CE - 1235 CE: The Great Hall of Winchester Castle is built.
 
1223 CE: Work is begun on Montgomery Castle, Wales by Hubert de Burgh.
 
1225 CE: A circular tower keep is built at Chateau de Coucy, northern France
 
1230 CE - 1240 CE: The curtain walls and round towers of Angers Castle, central France, are built by Louis IX.
 
1233 CE: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II rebuilds the castle of Bari, southern Italy.
 
1240 CE: Dirleton Castle, East Lothian, Scotland is built with a massive circular tower keep.
 
1245 CE: Clifford's Tower shell keep is built at York, England on the site of a former motte and bailey castle.
 
1250 CE - 1265 CE: A double-towered gatehouse is added to Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England by Richard de Clare.
 
1250 CE - 1260 CE: The castle of Najac in southern France is built.
 
1268 CE: Construction of Caerphilly Castle in Wales is begun.
 
1282 CE - 1289 CE: Harlech Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
 
1282 CE: The Castel Nuovo of Naples, southern Italy is built by the Angevins.
 
1283 CE: Conwy Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
 
1285 CE: A new Great Hall is completed at Chepstow Castle.
 
1287 CE - 1293 CE: The Marten's Tower is added to Chepstow Castle, Wales.
 
1290 CE: The castle of Falkenberg, Bavaria, Germany is built.
 
1295 CE: Construction of Beaumaris Castle in Wales is begun by Edward I.
 
1322 CE: The Castle of Sarzanello, Pisa, Italy is built by Castruccio Castracane.
 
1341 CE: The Great Hall is built at Penshurst Castle, Kent, England.
 
1350 CE: The Caesar's Tower is built at Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England.
 
1354 CE: Scalliger Castle, Verona, Italy is built by Can Grande II della Scala.
 
1380 CE: The Castello della Rocca of Cesena, Italy is built.
 
1385 CE: The Castello d'Este, Ferrara, Italy is built.
 
1385 CE: Bodiam Castle in East Sussex, England is built.
 
1390 CE - 1400 CE: The castle of Pierrefonds, northern France is built by Louis D'Orleans.
 
1412 CE: The Castello Sforzesco, Milan - the largest castle in Italy - is built by Francesco Sforza.
 
1450 CE: The castle of Peñafiel, northern Spain is built.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
960 CE 1040 CE 1120 CE 1200 CE 1280 CE 1360 CE

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